18 Facts About Negev


Negev or Negeb is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel.

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Origin of the word Negev is from the Hebrew root denoting 'dry'; in the Hebrew Bible, the word Negev is used for the direction 'south'.

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Negev contains the oldest discovered surface on Earth, with an approximate age of 1.

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The Negev has a number of interesting cultural and geological features.

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Vegetation in the Negev is sparse, but certain trees and plants thrive there, among them Acacia, Pistacia, Retama, Urginea maritima and Thymelaea.

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Negev shrew is a species of mammal of the family Soricidae that is found only in Israel.

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The Negev is the only place where reintroduced Arabian oryxes flourish because nowhere else in the Middle East is poaching under control.

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Negev region is arid, receiving very little rain due to its location to the east of the Sahara, and extreme temperatures due to its location 31 degrees north.

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Later the northern part of biblical Negev was inhabited by the Tribe of Judah and the southern part of biblical Negev by the Tribe of Simeon.

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The Negev was later part of the Kingdom of Solomon, and then, with varied extension to the south, part of the Kingdom of Judah.

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Nabatean control of the Negev ended when the Roman empire annexed their lands in 106 CE.

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Southern Negev saw a flourishing of economic activity during the 8th to 10th or 11th centuries.

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The Bedouins of the Negev historically survived chiefly on sheep and goat husbandry.

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The Negev was taken from the Ottoman army by British forces during 1917 and became part of Mandatory Palestine.

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Since then, the Negev has become home to many of the Israel Defense Forces' major bases – a process accelerating in the past two decades.

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Blueprint Negev is a Jewish National Fund project introduced in 2005.

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In modern times, vineyards have been established in the northern Negev hills using innovative computerized watering methods for irrigation.

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Negev is home to hazardous infrastructures that include Negev Nuclear Research Center nuclear reactor, 22 agrochemical and petrochemical factories, an oil terminal, closed military zones, quarries, a toxic waste incinerator at Ne'ot Hovav, a power plant, several airports, and 2 rivers of open sewage.

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