19 Facts About Rigveda


Rigveda or Rig Veda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns (suktas).

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The sounds and texts of the Rigveda have been orally transmitted since the 2nd millennium BCE.

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The Rigveda Samhita is the core text and is a collection of 10 books with 1, 028 hymns in about 10, 600 verses (called, eponymous of the name Rigveda).

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Rigveda's core is accepted to date to the late Bronze Age, making it one of the few examples with an unbroken tradition.

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Rigveda offers no direct evidence of social or political systems in the Vedic era, whether ordinary or elite.

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Some of the names of gods and goddesses found in the Rigveda are found amongst other belief systems based on Proto-Indo-European religion, while most of the words used share common roots with words from other Indo-European languages.

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However, about 300 words in the Rigveda are neither Indo-Aryan nor Indo-European, states the Sanskrit and Vedic literature scholar Frits Staal.

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Codification of the Rigveda took place late in the Rigvedic or rather in the early post-Rigvedic period at ca.

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The Rigveda was codified by compiling the hymns, including the arrangement of the individual hymns in ten books, coeval with the composition of the younger Veda Samhitas.

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The 30 manuscripts of Rigveda preserved at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune were added to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register in 2007.

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The Basakala version of Rigveda includes eight of these valakhilya hymns among its regular hymns, making a total of 1025 hymns in the main text for this sakha.

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Rigveda is the largest of the four Vedas, and many of its verses appear in the other Vedas.

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Books 8 and 9 of the Rigveda are by far the largest source of verses for Sama Veda.

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Book 10 contributes the largest number of the 1350 verses of Rigveda found in Atharvaveda, or about one fifth of the 5987 verses in the Atharvaveda text.

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Technically speaking, however, "the Rigveda" refers to the entire body of texts transmitted along with the Samhita portion.

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The text of the Rigveda suggests it was "composed by poets, human individuals whose names were household words" in the Vedic age, states Staal.

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The fourth way to interpret the Rigveda emerged in the ancient times, wherein the gods mentioned were viewed as symbolism for legendary individuals or narratives.

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The Rigveda has been referred to in the "Indigenous Aryans" and Out of India theory.

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Rigveda is considered particularly difficult to translate, owing to its length, poetic nature, the language itself, and the absence of any close contemporary texts for comparison.

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