12 Facts About Slavic languages


Slavic languages, known as the Slavonic languages, are Indo-European languages spoken primarily by the Slavic peoples and their descendants.

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Slavic languages are conventionally divided into three subgroups: East, South, and West, which together constitute more than 20 languages.

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Current geographical distribution of natively spoken Slavic languages includes the Balkans, Central and Eastern Europe, and all the way from Western Siberia to the Russian Far East.

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Furthermore, the diasporas of many Slavic peoples have established isolated minorities of speakers of their languages all over the world.

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The number of speakers of all Slavic languages together was estimated to be 315 million at the turn of the twenty-first century.

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Slavic languages descend from Proto-Slavic, their immediate parent language, ultimately deriving from Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor language of all Indo-European languages, via a Proto-Balto-Slavic stage.

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Lockwood notes that these Slavic languages have "enriched" themselves by drawing on Church Slavonic for the vocabulary of abstract concepts.

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East Slavic languages is generally thought to converge to one Old East Slavic languages language, which existed until at least the 12th century.

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Kassian-Dybo's tree suggests that Proto-Slavic languages first diverged into three branches: Eastern, Western and Southern.

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Common Slavic languages had a complex system of prosody, inherited with little change from Proto-Indo-European.

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Similarly, Slavic languages have extensive morphophonemic alternations in their derivational and inflectional morphology, including between velar and postalveolar consonants, front and back vowels, and a vowel and no vowel.

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Max Vasmer, a specialist in Slavic languages etymology, has claimed that there were no Slavic languages loans into Proto-Germanic.

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