16 Facts About Spina bifida


Spina bifida is a birth defect in which there is incomplete closing of the spine and the membranes around the spinal cord during early development in pregnancy.

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Spina bifida is believed to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

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Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect related to but distinct from other types such as anencephaly and encephalocele.

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Unlike most other types of neural tube defects, spina bifida occulta is not associated with increased AFP, a common screening tool used to detect neural tube defects in utero.

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Many people with this type of spina bifida do not even know they have it, as the condition is asymptomatic in most cases.

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Many individuals with spina bifida have an associated abnormality of the cerebellum, called the Arnold Chiari II malformation.

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Unlike typically developing children, youths with spina bifida do not tend to improve in their executive functioning as they grow older.

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Children with spina bifida are more likely than their peers without spina bifida to be dyscalculic.

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Individuals with spina bifida have demonstrated stable difficulties with arithmetic accuracy and speed, mathematical problem-solving, and general use and understanding of numbers in everyday life.

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Individuals with spina bifida tend to have better reading skills than mathematics skills.

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Children and adults with spina bifida have stronger abilities in reading accuracy than in reading comprehension.

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Spina bifida is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

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Spina bifida occurs when local regions of the neural tube fail to fuse or there is failure in formation of the vertebral neural arches.

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In one case, a man born with spina bifida was awarded a $2-million settlement after court found his mother's OBGYN negligent for not performing these tests.

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Ultrasound screening for spina bifida is partly responsible for the decline in new cases, because many pregnancies are terminated out of fear that a newborn might have a poor future quality of life.

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Trial concluded that the outcomes after prenatal spina bifida treatment are improved to the degree that the benefits of the surgery outweigh the maternal risks.

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