Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan, which ruled Japan from 1603 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
|FactSnippet No. 638,496|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was one of the three "Great Unifiers" of Japan, along with his former lord Oda Nobunaga and fellow Oda subordinate Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
|FactSnippet No. 638,497|
The son of a minor daimyo, Tokugawa Ieyasu once lived as a hostage under daimyo Imagawa Yoshimoto on behalf of his father.
|FactSnippet No. 638,498|
Tokugawa Ieyasu later succeeded as daimyo after his father's death, serving as a vassal and general of the Oda clan, and building up his strength under Oda Nobunaga.
|FactSnippet No. 638,499|
Tokugawa Ieyasu became the most powerful daimyo and the most senior officer under the Toyotomi regime.
|FactSnippet No. 638,501|
Tokugawa Ieyasu preserved his strength in Toyotomi's failed attempt to conquer Korea.
|FactSnippet No. 638,502|
Tokugawa Ieyasu received appointment as shogun in 1603, and voluntarily abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616.
|FactSnippet No. 638,503|
Tokugawa Ieyasu implemented a set of careful rules known as the bakuhan system, designed to keep the daimyo and samurai in check under the Tokugawa Shogunate.
|FactSnippet No. 638,504|
Tokugawa Ieyasu's father, Matsudaira Hirotada, was a minor local warlord based at Okazaki Castle who controlled a portion of the Tokaido highway linking Kyoto with the eastern provinces.
|FactSnippet No. 638,505|
Tokugawa Ieyasu's territory was sandwiched between stronger and predatory neighbors, including the Imagawa clan based in Suruga Province to the east and the Oda clan to the west.
|FactSnippet No. 638,506|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was born in Okazaki Castle on the 26th day of the twelfth month of the eleventh year of Tenbun, according to the Japanese calendar.
|FactSnippet No. 638,507|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was briefly allowed to visit Okazaki to pay his respects to the tomb of his father, and receive the homage of his nominal retainers, led by the karo Torii Tadayoshi.
|FactSnippet No. 638,508|
Tokugawa Ieyasu then succeeded in delivering supplies in the siege of Odaka a year later.
|FactSnippet No. 638,509|
Tokugawa Ieyasu strengthened his key vassals by awarding them land and castles.
|FactSnippet No. 638,510|
Tokugawa Ieyasu undertook several battles to suppress this movement in his territories, including the Battle of Azukizaka .
|FactSnippet No. 638,511|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was fighting in the front line and was nearly killed when struck by several bullets which did not penetrate his armour.
|FactSnippet No. 638,512|
Tokugawa Ieyasu remained an ally of Nobunaga and his Mikawa soldiers were part of Nobunaga's army which captured Kyoto in 1568.
|FactSnippet No. 638,513|
Tokugawa Ieyasu then negotiated with Ujizane, promising that if Ujizane should surrender himself and the remainder of Totomi, Tokugawa Ieyasu would assist Ujizane in regaining Suruga.
|FactSnippet No. 638,514|
Ujizane had nothing left to lose, and Tokugawa Ieyasu immediately ended his alliance with Takeda, instead making a new alliance with Takeda's enemy to the north, Uesugi Kenshin of the Uesugi clan.
|FactSnippet No. 638,515|
In 1570, Tokugawa Ieyasu established Hamamatsu as the capital of his territory, placing his son Nobuyasu in charge of Okazaki.
|FactSnippet No. 638,516|
The allied forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated the combined forces of the Azai clan and Asakura clan, and saw Nobunaga's prodigious use of firearms.
|FactSnippet No. 638,517|
Tokugawa Ieyasu decided to make a drive for Kyoto at the urgings of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki, starting with invading Tokugawa lands in Totomi.
|FactSnippet No. 638,518|
Takeda Shingen's first objective in his campaign against Tokugawa Ieyasu was Nishikawa Castle, Yoshida Castle and Futamata Castle.
|FactSnippet No. 638,519|
The battle was a major defeat, but in the interests of maintaining the appearance of dignified withdrawal, Tokugawa Ieyasu brazenly ordered the men at his castle to light torches, sound drums, and leave the gates open, to properly receive the returning warriors.
|FactSnippet No. 638,520|
In 1580, Oda-Tokugawa Ieyasu forces launched the second siege of Takatenjin; the siege came only six years after Takeda Katsuyori had taken the fortress.
|FactSnippet No. 638,521|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was mobilizing his army when he learned that Toyotomi Hideyoshi had defeated Akechi Mitsuhide at the Battle of Yamazaki.
|FactSnippet No. 638,522|
Tokugawa Ieyasu did not take a side in this conflict, building on his reputation for both caution and wisdom.
|FactSnippet No. 638,523|
In 1584, Tokugawa Ieyasu decided to support Oda Nobukatsu, the eldest surviving son and heir of Oda Nobunaga, against Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
|FactSnippet No. 638,524|
The Tokugawa Ieyasu did not participate in Hideyoshi's successful Invasion of Shikoku and the Kyushu Campaign .
|FactSnippet No. 638,525|
In 1591, Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu took the Kunohe Rebellion as a personal affront to Toyotomi authority and by mid-year organized a retaliatory army to retake northern Tohoku and to restore the area to Nanbu Nobunao's control.
|FactSnippet No. 638,526|
In 1591, Tokugawa Ieyasu now gave up control of his five provinces and moved all his soldiers and vassals to his new eight provinces at the Kanto region.
|FactSnippet No. 638,527|
Tokugawa Ieyasu reformed the Kanto region, controlled and pacified the Hojo samurai and improved the underlying economic infrastructure of the lands.
|FactSnippet No. 638,528|
Also, because Kanto was somewhat isolated from the rest of Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu was able to maintain a unique level of autonomy from Toyotomi Hideyoshi's rule.
|FactSnippet No. 638,529|
Tokugawa Ieyasu stayed in Nagoya off and on for the next five years.
|FactSnippet No. 638,530|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was nominally succeeded by his young son Hideyori but as he was just five years old, real power was in the hands of the regents.
|FactSnippet No. 638,531|
Opposition to Tokugawa Ieyasu centered around Ishida Mitsunari, one of Hideyoshi's Go-Bugyo, or top administrators of Hideyoshi's government and a powerful daimyo who was not one of the regents.
|FactSnippet No. 638,532|
Tokugawa Ieyasu supported the anti-Mitsunari group, and formed them as his potential allies.
|FactSnippet No. 638,533|
Tokugawa Ieyasu's allies were Kato Kiyomasa, Fukushima Masanori, Mogami Yoshiaki, Hachisuka Iemasa, the Kuroda clan, the Hosokawa clan and many daimyo from eastern Japan.
|FactSnippet No. 638,534|
Tokugawa Ieyasu held a meeting with the Eastern Army daimyo, and they agreed to follow Tokugawa Ieyasu.
|FactSnippet No. 638,535|
Immediately after the victory at Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu redistributed land to the vassals who had served him.
|FactSnippet No. 638,536|
Tokugawa Ieyasu left some western daimyo unharmed, such as the Shimazu clan, but others were completely destroyed.
|FactSnippet No. 638,537|
Tokugawa Ieyasu had outlasted all the other great men of his times: Oda Nobunaga, Takeda Shingen, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Uesugi Kenshin.
|FactSnippet No. 638,538|
Tokugawa Ieyasu claimed descent from the Minamoto clan who had founded the Kamakura shogunate, by way of the Nitta clan.
|FactSnippet No. 638,539|
The abdication of Tokugawa Ieyasu had no effect on the practical extent of his powers or his rule; but Hidetada nevertheless assumed a role as formal head of the shogunal bureaucracy.
|FactSnippet No. 638,540|
In 1605, Tokugawa Ieyasu, acting as the retired shogun, remained the effective ruler of Japan until his death.
|FactSnippet No. 638,541|
Tokugawa Ieyasu retired to Sunpu Castle in Sunpu, but he supervised the building of Edo Castle, a massive construction project which lasted for the rest of Tokugawa Ieyasu's life.
|FactSnippet No. 638,542|
In Kyoto, Tokugawa Ieyasu ordered the remodeling of the Imperial Court and buildings, and forced the remaining western daimyo to sign an oath of fealty to him.
|FactSnippet No. 638,543|
Tokugawa Ieyasu chose to distance Japan from European influence starting in 1609, although the shogunate did still grant preferential trading rights to the Dutch East India Company and permitted them to maintain a "factory" for trading purposes.
|FactSnippet No. 638,544|
From 1605 until his death, Tokugawa Ieyasu frequently consulted English shipwright and pilot, William Adams.
|FactSnippet No. 638,545|
However, in 1614, Tokugawa Ieyasu was sufficiently concerned about Spanish territorial ambitions that he signed a Christian Expulsion Edict.
|FactSnippet No. 638,546|
Many samurai who opposed Tokugawa Ieyasu rallied around Hideyori, claiming that he was the rightful ruler of Japan.
|FactSnippet No. 638,547|
Tokugawa Ieyasu ordered Hideyori to leave Osaka Castle, but those in the castle refused and summoned samurai to gather within the castle.
|FactSnippet No. 638,548|
However, once the treaty was agreed, the Tokugawa Ieyasu filled the castle's outer moats with sand so his troops could walk across.
|FactSnippet No. 638,549|
Tokugawa Ieyasu refused and either required them to commit ritual suicide, or killed both of them.
|FactSnippet No. 638,550|
The first Tokugawa Ieyasu shogun was posthumously deified with the name Tosho Daigongen, the "Great Gongen, Light of the East".
|FactSnippet No. 638,551|
In life, Tokugawa Ieyasu had expressed the wish to be deified after his death to protect his descendants from evil.
|FactSnippet No. 638,552|
Tokugawa Ieyasu's remains were buried at the Gongens' mausoleum at Kunozan, Kunozan Tosho-gu .
|FactSnippet No. 638,553|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was first given the Buddhist name Tosho Dai-Gongen, then after his death it was changed to Hogo Onkokuin .
|FactSnippet No. 638,554|
Tokugawa Ieyasu ruled directly as shogun or indirectly as ogosho during the Keicho era .
|FactSnippet No. 638,555|
Tokugawa Ieyasu had a number of qualities that enabled him to rise to power.
|FactSnippet No. 638,556|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was both careful and bold—at the right times, and in the right places.
|FactSnippet No. 638,557|
Tokugawa Ieyasu allied with the Late Hojo clan; then he joined Toyotomi Hideyoshi's army of conquest, which destroyed the Hojo; and he himself took over their lands.
|FactSnippet No. 638,558|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was not very well liked nor personally popular, but he was feared and respected for his leadership and his cunning.
|FactSnippet No. 638,559|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was capable of great loyalty: once he allied with Oda Nobunaga, he never went against him, and both leaders profited from their long alliance.
|FactSnippet No. 638,560|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was known for being loyal towards his personal friends and vassals, whom he rewarded.
|FactSnippet No. 638,561|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was said to have a close friendship with his vassal Hattori Hanzo.
|FactSnippet No. 638,562|
Tokugawa Ieyasu protected many former Takeda retainers from the wrath of Oda Nobunaga, who was known to harbour a bitter grudge towards the Takeda.
|FactSnippet No. 638,563|
Tokugawa Ieyasu managed successfully to transform many of the retainers of the Takeda, Hojo, and Imagawa clans—all whom he had defeated himself or helped to defeat—into loyal followers.
|FactSnippet No. 638,564|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was cruel, relentless and merciless in the elimination of Toyotomi survivors after Osaka.
|FactSnippet No. 638,565|
Tokugawa Ieyasu was interested in various kenjutsu skills, was a patron of the Yagyu Shinkage-ryu school, and had them as his personal sword instructors.
|FactSnippet No. 638,566|
Ever since Tokugawa Ieyasu lost his wife and son due to Oda Nobunaga's orders, they reason, he held a secret resentment against his lord.
|FactSnippet No. 638,567|
Minamoto-no-Tokugawa Ieyasu was born in Tenbun 11, on the 26th day of the 12th month and he died in Genna 2, on the 17th day of the 4th month ; and thus, his contemporaries would have said that he lived 75 years.
|FactSnippet No. 638,568|