17 Facts About Tsung-Dao Lee


Tsung-Dao Lee was a University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University in New York City, where he taught from 1953 until his retirement in 2012.


In 1957, at the age of 30, Lee won the Nobel Prize in Physics with Chen Ning Yang for their work on the violation of the parity law in weak interactions, which Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally proved from 1956 to 1957, with her legendary Wu experiment.


Tsung-Dao Lee remains the youngest Nobel laureate in the science fields after World War II.


Tsung-Dao Lee is the third-youngest Nobel laureate in sciences in history after William L Bragg and Werner Heisenberg.


Since he became a naturalized American citizen in 1962, Tsung-Dao Lee is the youngest American ever to have won a Nobel Prize.


Tsung-Dao Lee was born in Shanghai, China, with his ancestral home in nearby Suzhou.


Tsung-Dao Lee's father Chun-kang Lee, one of the first graduates of the University of Nanking, was a chemical industrialist and merchant who was involved in China's early development of modern synthesized fertilizer.


Tsung-Dao Lee received his secondary education in Shanghai and Jiangxi.


Nevertheless, in 1943, Tsung-Dao Lee directly applied to and was admitted by the National Che Kiang University.


However, again disrupted by a further Japanese invasion, Tsung-Dao Lee continued at the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming the next year in 1945, where he studied with Professor Wu Ta-You.


In 1946, Tsung-Dao Lee went to the University of Chicago and was selected by Professor Enrico Fermi to become his PhD student.


Tsung-Dao Lee served as research associate and lecturer in physics at the University of California at Berkeley from 1950 to 1951.


In 1953, Tsung-Dao Lee joined Columbia University, where he remained until retirement.


Tsung-Dao Lee realized in early 1956 that the key to the puzzle was parity non-conservation.


Besides particle physics, Tsung-Dao Lee has been active in statistical mechanics, astrophysics, hydrodynamics, many body system, solid state, lattice QCD.


From 1997 to 2003, Tsung-Dao Lee was director of the RIKEN-BNL Research Center, which together with other researchers from Columbia, completed a 1 teraflops supercomputer QCDSP for lattice QCD in 1998 and a 10 teraflops QCDOC machine in 2001.


In 1998, Tsung-Dao Lee established the Chun-Tsung Endowment in memory of his wife, who had died three years earlier.