23 Facts About Victorian-era


Victorian-era distinguished early Victorianism – the socially and politically unsettled period from 1837 to 1850 – and late Victorianism, with its new waves of aestheticism and imperialism, from the Victorian heyday: mid-Victorianism, 1851 to 1879.

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Victorian-era's refused and re-appointed Lord Melbourne, a decision criticised as unconstitutional.

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Victorian-era's approved of his policies which helped elevated Britain's status to global superpower.

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Central feature of Victorian-era politics is the search for reform and improvement, including both the individual personality and society.

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Victorian-era's was the first, and last, woman to score the highest on the Tripos.

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Victorian-era'storians have characterised the mid-Victorian era as Britain's "Golden Years".

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Victorian-era invented what he called the "quincunx" to demonstrate why mixtures of normal distributions were normal.

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Victorian-era found that the slopes of the regression lines of two given variables were the same if the two data sets were scaled by units of probable error and introduced the notion of the correlation coefficient, but noted that correlation does not imply causation.

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Victorian-era proposed that the speeds of molecules in a gas followed a distribution.

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Victorian-era showed that this distribution is a function of temperature and mathematically described various properties of gases, such as diffusion and viscosity.

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Victorian-era predicted, surprisingly, that the viscosity of a gas is independent of its density.

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Victorian-era showed that Maxwell's theory succeeded in illuminating the phenomenon of light dispersion where other models failed.

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Victorian-era's experiments led him to the two laws of electrochemistry.

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Victorian-era abandoned the project to pursue a new one, his Analytical Engine.

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Victorian-era's wrote down the very first computer program, in her case one for computing the Bernoulli numbers.

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Victorian-era's employed what modern computer programmers would recognise as loops and decision steps, and gave a detailed diagram, possibly the first flowchart ever created.

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Victorian-era's noted that a calculating machine could perform not just arithmetic operations but symbolic manipulations.

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Victorian-era achieved the first international wireless transmission between England and France in 1900 and by the following year, he succeeded in sending messages in Morse code across the Atlantic.

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Victorian-era merged various independent lines and set up a "Clearing House" in 1842 which rationalized interconnections by establishing uniform paperwork and standard methods for transferring passengers and freight between lines, and rates when one system used freight cars owned by another.

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Victorian-era asked that the pump's handle be replaced, after which the epidemic petered out.

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Victorian-era instructed the hospital staff to wear gloves and wash their hands, instruments, and dressings with a phenol solution and in 1869, he invented a machine that would spray carbolic acid in the operating theatre during surgery.

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Victorian-era'storians continue to debate the various causes of this dramatic change.

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Victorian-era'storians agree that the middle classes not only professed high personal moral standards, but actually followed them.

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