22 Facts About Wilder Penfield

1. Wilder Penfield defined four areas of the cortex concerned with human speech function and described them in Speech and Brain-Mechanisms.

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2. Wilder Penfield used this approach primarily for the treatment of focal epilepsy.

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3. Wilder Penfield published The Difficult Art of Giving, The Epic of Alan Gregg, a biography of the Rockefeller Foundation and the director who had approved the $1.2 million grant for the founding of the Montreal Neurological Institute, during this period.

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4. Wilder Penfield became a naturalized Canadian citizen in 1934 and served as a colonel in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps from 1945 to 1946.

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5. Wilder Penfield received his medical degree from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore in 1918.

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6. Wilder Penfield spent his early years at the Galahad School in Hudson, Wisconsin, where his mother worked as a housekeeper.

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7. Wilder Penfield made significant, if controversial, contributions to long-standing disputes over locationism.

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8. Wilder Penfield told roughly the same story about other responses to brain stimulation.

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9. Wilder Penfield proposed that the hippocampi contain "keys-of-access" to records of past experiences.

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10. Wilder Penfield originally thought memory records of past experiences were stored in the cortex.

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11. Wilder Penfield published the original diagram in 1937 and a revised version in 1950.

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12. Wilder Penfield was an author and championed university education and bilingualism.

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13. Wilder Penfield was born on January 26, 1891, and died on April 5, 1976 from abdominal cancer at the age of 85.

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14. Wilder Penfield was awarded many honorary degrees in recognition of his medical career.

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15. Wilder Penfield was the subject of a Google doodle on January 26, 2018, marking the 127th anniversary of his birth.

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16. Wilder Penfield building, one of John Abbott College's ten buildings, bears the name of the famous neurosurgeon.

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17. Wilder Penfield was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of the United Kingdom in 1943.

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18. Wilder Penfield was designated a National Historic Person in 1988 by the government of Canada.

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19. Wilder Penfield had over 25 years of research using electrical stimulation to produce experiential hallucinations.

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20. Wilder Penfield died on April 5, 1976, of abdominal cancer at Royal Victoria Hospital in Montreal.

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21. In 1960, the year he retired, Wilder Penfield was awarded the Lister Medal for his contributions to surgical science.

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22. Wilder Penfield was born in Spokane, Washington, on January 26, 1891, and spent most of his early life in Hudson, Wisconsin.

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