49 Facts About Winslow Homer


Winslow Homer was an American landscape painter and illustrator, best known for his marine subjects.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,091

Winslow Homer is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,092

Largely self-taught, Winslow Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,093

Winslow Homer subsequently took up oil painting and produced major studio works characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,094

Winslow Homer worked extensively in watercolor, creating a fluid and prolific oeuvre, primarily chronicling his working vacations.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,095

Winslow Homer's mother was a gifted amateur watercolorist and Homer's first teacher.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,096

Winslow Homer took on many of her traits, including her quiet, strong-willed, terse, sociable nature; her dry sense of humor; and her artistic talent.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,097

Winslow Homer had a happy childhood, growing up mostly in then-rural Cambridge, Massachusetts.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,098

Winslow Homer was an average student, but his art talent was evident in his early years.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,099

Winslow Homer worked repetitively on sheet music covers and other commercial work for two years.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,100

Winslow Homer contributed illustrations of Boston life and rural New England life to magazines such as Ballou's Pictorial and Harper's Weekly at a time when the market for illustrations was growing rapidly and fads and fashions were changing quickly.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,101

The Winslow Homer House, owned by the Belmont Woman's Club, is open for public tours.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,102

Winslow Homer's mother tried to raise family funds to send him to Europe for further study but instead Harper's sent Homer to the front lines of the American Civil War, where he sketched battle scenes and camp life, the quiet moments as well as the chaotic ones.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,103

Back at his studio, Winslow Homer would regain his strength and re-focus his artistic vision.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,104

Winslow Homer set to work on a series of war-related paintings based on his sketches, among them Sharpshooter on Picket Duty, Home, Sweet Home, and Prisoners from the Front .

FactSnippet No. 1,179,105

Winslow Homer exhibited paintings of these subjects every year at the National Academy of Design from 1863 to 1866.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,106

Winslow Homer was interested in postwar subject matter that conveyed the silent tension between two communities seeking to understand their future.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,107

Winslow Homer's oil painting A Visit from the Old Mistress shows an encounter between a group of four freed slaves and their former mistress.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,108

Winslow Homer composed this painting from sketches he had made while traveling through Virginia.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,109

Winslow Homer's realism was objective, true to nature, and emotionally controlled.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,110

Winslow Homer's most praised early painting, Prisoners from the Front, was on exhibit at the Exposition Universelle in Paris at the same time.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,111

Winslow Homer did not study formally but he practiced landscape painting while continuing to work for Harper's, depicting scenes of Parisian life.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,112

Winslow Homer painted approximately one dozen small paintings during the stay.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,113

Unfortunately, Winslow Homer was very private about his personal life and his methods, but his stance was clearly one of independence of style and a devotion to American subjects.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,114

In 1875, Winslow Homer quit working as a commercial illustrator and vowed to survive on his paintings and watercolors alone.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,115

Breezing Up, Winslow Homer's iconic painting of a father and three boys out for a spirited sail, received wide praise.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,116

In 1877, Winslow Homer exhibited for the first time at the Boston Art Club with the oil painting, An Afternoon Sun, .

FactSnippet No. 1,179,117

Winslow Homer became a member of The Tile Club, a group of artists and writers who met frequently to exchange ideas and organize outings for painting, as well as foster the creation of decorative tiles.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,118

Winslow Homer started painting with watercolors on a regular basis in 1873 during a summer stay in Gloucester, Massachusetts.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,119

In re-establishing his love of the sea, Winslow Homer found a rich source of themes while closely observing the fishermen, the sea, and the marine weather.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,120

Winslow Homer spent two years in the English coastal village of Cullercoats, Northumberland.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,121

Winslow Homer's palette became constrained and sober; his paintings larger, more ambitious, and more deliberately conceived and executed.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,122

In 1883, Winslow Homer moved to Prouts Neck, Maine, and lived at his family's estate in the remodeled carriage house seventy-five feet from the ocean.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,123

In Undertow, depicting the dramatic rescue of two female bathers by two male lifeguards, Winslow Homer's figures "have the weight and authority of classical figures".

FactSnippet No. 1,179,124

At fifty years of age, Winslow Homer had become a "Yankee Robinson Crusoe, cloistered on his art island" and "a hermit with a brush".

FactSnippet No. 1,179,125

Winslow Homer replaced the turbulent green storm-tossed sea of Prouts Neck with the sparkling blue skies of the Caribbean and the hardy New Englanders with Black natives, further expanding his watercolor technique, subject matter, and palette.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,126

Winslow Homer's tropical stays inspired and refreshed him in much the same way as Paul Gauguin's trips to Tahiti.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,127

Winslow Homer lived frugally and fortunately his affluent brother Charles provided financial help when needed.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,128

Winslow Homer frequently visited Key West, Florida between 1888 and 1903.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,129

Winslow Homer found inspiration in summer trips to the North Woods Club, near the hamlet of Minerva, New York, in the Adirondack Mountains.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,130

In 1893, Winslow Homer painted one of his most famous "Darwinian" works, The Fox Hunt, which depicts a flock of starving crows descending on a fox slowed by deep snow.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,131

Winslow Homer became free of the responsibilities of caring for his father, who had died two years earlier.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,132

Winslow Homer continued producing excellent watercolors, mostly on trips to Canada and the Caribbean.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,133

Winslow Homer died in 1910 at the age of 74 in his Prouts Neck studio and was interred in the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,134

Winslow Homer's painting, Shooting the Rapids, Saguenay River, remains unfinished.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,135

Winslow Homer never taught in a school or privately, as did Thomas Eakins, but his works strongly influenced succeeding generations of American painters for their direct and energetic interpretation of man's stoic relationship to an often neutral and sometimes harsh wilderness.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,136

Winslow Homer's work was part of the painting event in the art competition at the 1932 Summer Olympics.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,137

Unlike many artists who were well known for working in only one art medium, Winslow Homer was prominent in a variety of art media, as in the following examples:.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,138

Later, when Winslow Homer spent the years between 1881 and 1882 in the village of Cullercoats, Tyne and Wear, his paintings depicting shores and coastal landscapes changed.

FactSnippet No. 1,179,139