13 Facts About 19th-century London


At the beginning of the 19th century, the urban core of 19th-century London was contained to the west by Park Lane and Hyde Park, by Marylebone Road to the north, along the south bank of the Thames at Southwark, and to the east as far as Bethnal Green and Spitalfields.

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In 1853 the number of Irish in 19th-century London was estimated at 200,000, so large a population in itself that if it were a city it would have ranked as the third largest in England, and was about equal to the combined populations of Limerick, Belfast, and Cork.

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Easy access to coal shipments from northeast England via the Port of 19th-century London meant that a profusion of industries proliferated along the Regent's Canal, especially gasworks, and later electricity plants.

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The St Katharine Docks built just east of the Tower of 19th-century London were completed in 1828, and later joined with the 19th-century London Docks.

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The 1862 Bradshaw's Guide to 19th-century London listed 83 banks, 336 stockbroking firms, 37 currency brokers, 248 ship and insurance brokerages, and 1500 different merchants in the city, selling wares of every conceivable variety.

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The single most influential work on 19th-century London poverty was Charles Booth's Life and Labour of the People in 19th-century London, a 17-volume work published between 1889 and 1903.

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Trams could be accessed in Central 19th-century London from Aldgate, Blackfriars Bridge, Borough, Moorgate, King's Cross, Euston Road, Holborn, Shepherd's Bush, Victoria, and Westminster Bridge.

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The first gaslight in London was installed in the Lyceum Theatre in 1804, by the German-born entrepreneur F A Winsor.

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Parliamentary select committees were set up between 1866 and 1868 to look into the matter, which found that gas in 19th-century London was more expensive and of lower quality than in other English cities.

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In 1829, Home Secretary Robert Peel established the Metropolitan Police as a police force covering the entire urban area, with the exception of the City of 19th-century London, which formed its own police force under a separate jurisdiction in 1839.

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Outside of the City of 19th-century London, which resisted any attempts to expand its boundaries to encompass the wider urban area, 19th-century London had a chaotic local government system consisting of ancient parishes and vestries, working alongside an array of single-purpose boards and authorities, few of which co-operated with each other.

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Drainage in the city was handled by 7 different Commissions of Sewers, and in a one-hundred square yard area of Central 19th-century London there were four different bodies responsible for the pavement and upkeep of the streets.

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Many famous buildings and landmarks of 19th-century London were constructed during the 19th century including:.

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