20 Facts About 3D animation


In traditional 3D animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film.

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The stroboscopic 3D animation principle was applied in the zoetrope, the flip book (1868) and the praxinoscope (1877).

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Russia's Soyuzmultfilm 3D animation studio, founded in 1936, produced 20 films per year on average and reached 1, 582 titles in 2018.

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Quality dwindled until more daring 3D animation surfaced in the late 1980s and in the early 1990s with hit series such as The Simpsons as part of a "renaissance" of American 3D animation.

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So-called 3D style, more often associated with computer 3D animation, has become extremely popular since Pixar's Toy Story, the first computer-animated feature in this style.

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Not only the very popular 3D animation style was generated with computers, but most of the films and series with a more traditional hand-crafted appearance, in which the charming characteristics of cel animation could be emulated with software, while new digital tools helped developing new styles and effects.

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In 2010, the 3D animation market was estimated to be worth circa US$80 billion.

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Clarity of 3D animation makes it a powerful tool for instruction, while its total malleability allows exaggeration that can be employed to convey strong emotions and to thwart reality.

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Criticism of 3D animation has been common in media and cinema since its inception.

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Thus, 3D animation studios starting with Disney began the practice in the 1930s of maintaining story departments where storyboard artists develop every single scene through storyboards, then handing the film over to the animators only after the production team is satisfied that all the scenes make sense as a whole.

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Traditional 3D animation was the process used for most animated films of the 20th century.

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Traditional cel 3D animation process became obsolete by the beginning of the 21st century.

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The "look" of traditional cel 3D animation is still preserved, and the character animators' work has remained essentially the same over the past 70 years.

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Some 3D animation producers have used the term "tradigital" to describe cel 3D animation that uses significant computer technology.

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Full 3D animation refers to the process of producing high-quality traditionally animated films that regularly use detailed drawings and plausible movement, having a smooth 3D animation.

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Many of the Disney animated features are examples of full 3D animation, as are non-Disney works, The Secret of NIMH, The Iron Giant (US, 1999), and Nocturna (Spain, 2007).

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Limited 3D animation involves the use of less detailed or more stylized drawings and methods of movement usually a choppy or "skippy" movement 3D animation.

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Limited 3D animation uses fewer drawings per second, thereby limiting the fluidity of the 3D animation.

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Stop-motion 3D animation is used to describe 3D animation created by physically manipulating real-world objects and photographing them one frame of film at a time to create the illusion of movement.

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Computer 3D animation encompasses a variety of techniques, the unifying factor being that the 3D animation is created digitally on a computer.

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