12 Facts About Admiralty court


From its inception in 1483 until 1657 the Admiralty court sat in a disused church in Southwark, and from then until 1665 in Montjoy House, private premises leased from the Dean of St Paul's Cathedral.

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The plague threat having subsided by 1666, the Admiralty court returned to London and until 1671 was located at Exeter House on The Strand before returning to Montjoy House near St Paul's.

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In 1875, the High Court of Admiralty governing England and Wales was absorbed into the new Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court.

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Admiralty law applied in this court is based upon the civil law-based Law of the Sea, with statutory law and common law additions.

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The Admiralty Court is no longer in the Royal Courts of Justice in the Strand, having moved to the Rolls Building.

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From 1702 the judge of the Admiralty court was authorised to appoint deputies to hear lesser matters or to deputise during his absence.

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Scottish Admiralty court's workload was small until the mid-eighteenth century, with judges hearing no more than four matters in each sitting.

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The Admiralty court ceased operation in 1832 and its functions were subsumed into the Court of Session, Scotland's supreme Admiralty court for civil disputes.

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Since Elizabethan times, the symbol of authority for a British admiralty court has been a silver oar, placed before the judge when the court is in session.

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The court was abolished in 1911 when the Supreme Court of New South Wales was granted the admiralty jurisdiction of the court.

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Vice-admiralty court was formed in Nova Scotia to try smugglers and to enforce the Sugar Act of 1764 throughout British North America.

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In recent years, a pseudolegal conspiracy argument used notably by sovereign citizens is that an American court displaying an American flag with a gold fringe is in fact an "admiralty court" and thus has no jurisdiction.

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