17 Facts About Akkadian language


The mutual influence between Sumerian and Akkadian had led scholars to describe the languages as a Sprachbund.

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Old Akkadian is preserved on clay tablets dating back to c 2500 BC.

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Akkadian language is divided into several varieties based on geography and historical period:.

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Old Akkadian language, which was used until the end of the 3rd millennium BC, differed from both Babylonian and Assyrian, and was displaced by these dialects.

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However, the language was still used in its written form; and even after the Greek invasion under Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, Akkadian was still a contender as a written language, but spoken Akkadian was likely extinct by this time, or at least rarely used.

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Akkadian language began to be rediscovered when Carsten Niebuhr in 1767 was able to make extensive copies of cuneiform texts and published them in Denmark.

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Some researchers believe that the Old Akkadian variant used in the older texts is not an ancestor of the later Assyrian and Babylonian dialects, but rather a separate dialect that was replaced by these two dialects and which died out early.

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Eblaite, formerly thought of as yet another Akkadian dialect, is generally considered a separate East Semitic language.

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Akkadian as a spoken language is extinct and no contemporary descriptions of the pronunciation are known, little can be said with certainty about the phonetics and phonology of Akkadian.

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Rule of Akkadian language phonology is that certain short vowels are dropped.

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Formally, Akkadian language has three numbers and three cases (nominative, accusative and genitive).

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Akkadian language verb has six finite verb aspects) and three infinite forms (infinitive, participle and verbal adjective).

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The infinitive of the Akkadian verb is a verbal noun, and in contrast to some other languages the Akkadian infinitive can be declined in case.

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Akkadian language verbs have thirteen separate derived stems formed on each root.

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Thus, the stative in Akkadian language is used to convert simple stems into effective sentences, so that the form sarr-ata is equivalent to: "you were king", "you are king" and "you will be king".

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Beside the already explained possibility of derivation of different verb stems, Akkadian language has numerous nominal formations derived from verb roots.

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Akkadian language has prepositions which consist mainly of only one word.

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