83 Facts About Denmark


European Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, lying southwest of Sweden, south of Norway, and north of Germany.

FactSnippet No. 462,083

Denmark's geography is characterised by flat, arable land, sandy coasts, low elevation, and a temperate climate.

FactSnippet No. 462,084

The remaining Kingdom of Denmark–Norway endured a series of wars in the 17th century that resulted in further territorial cessions to the Swedish Empire.

FactSnippet No. 462,085

An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century, which formed the basis for the present welfare state model and advanced mixed economy.

FactSnippet No. 462,086

Denmark remained neutral during World War I but regained the northern half of Schleswig in 1920.

FactSnippet No. 462,087

Denmark is a highly developed country with a high standard of living: the country performs at or near the top in measures of education, health care, civil liberties, democratic governance and LGBT equality.

FactSnippet No. 462,088

Denmark is a founding member of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, and the United Nations; it is part of the Schengen Area.

FactSnippet No. 462,089

Denmark maintains close political, cultural, and linguistic ties with its Scandinavian neighbours, with the Danish language being partially mutually intelligible with both Norwegian and Swedish.

FactSnippet No. 462,090

Denmark has been inhabited since around 12, 500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC.

FactSnippet No. 462,091

The Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot.

FactSnippet No. 462,092

Denmark'storians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal Jutes.

FactSnippet No. 462,093

Denmark was largely consolidated by the late 8th century and its rulers are consistently referred to in Frankish sources as kings.

FactSnippet No. 462,094

In 1397, Denmark entered into a personal union with Norway and Sweden, united under Queen Margaret I The three countries were to be treated as equals in the union.

FactSnippet No. 462,095

Denmark managed to avoid territorial concessions, but King Gustavus Adolphus' intervention in Germany was seen as a sign that the military power of Sweden was on the rise while Denmark's influence in the region was declining.

FactSnippet No. 462,096

Denmark tried but failed to regain control of Scania in the Scanian War.

FactSnippet No. 462,097

Denmark prospered greatly in the last decades of the 18th century due to its neutral status allowing it to trade with both sides in the many contemporary wars.

FactSnippet No. 462,098

Denmark kept the possessions of Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland, all of which had been governed by Norway for centuries.

FactSnippet No. 462,099

Apart from the Nordic colonies, Denmark continued to rule over Danish India from 1620 to 1869, the Danish Gold Coast from 1658 to 1850, and the Danish West Indies from 1671 to 1917.

FactSnippet No. 462,100

Nascent Danish liberal and national movement gained momentum in the 1830s; after the European Revolutions of 1848, Denmark peacefully became a constitutional monarchy on 5 June 1849.

FactSnippet No. 462,101

Denmark faced war against both Prussia and Austrian Empire in what became known as the Second Schleswig War, lasting from February to October 1864.

FactSnippet No. 462,102

Denmark was defeated and obliged to cede Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia.

FactSnippet No. 462,103

Denmark maintained its neutral stance during World War I After the defeat of Germany, the Versailles powers offered to return the region of Schleswig-Holstein to Denmark.

FactSnippet No. 462,104

On 10 July 1920, Northern Schleswig was recovered by Denmark, thereby adding some 163, 600 inhabitants and 3, 984 square kilometres.

FactSnippet No. 462,105

In 1939 Denmark signed a 10-year non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany but Germany invaded Denmark on 9 April 1940 and the Danish government quickly surrendered.

FactSnippet No. 462,106

World War II in Denmark was characterised by economic co-operation with Germany until 1943, when the Danish government refused further co-operation and its navy scuttled most of its ships and sent many of its officers to Sweden, which was neutral.

FactSnippet No. 462,107

Iceland severed ties with Denmark and became an independent republic in 1944; Germany surrendered in May 1945.

FactSnippet No. 462,108

Denmark was a founding member of European Free Trade Association.

FactSnippet No. 462,109

In 1973, along with Britain and Ireland, Denmark joined the European Economic Community after a public referendum.

FactSnippet No. 462,110

Kingdom of Denmark includes two overseas territories, both well to the west of Denmark: Greenland, the world's largest island, and the Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean.

FactSnippet No. 462,111

Denmark has an average of 179 days per year with precipitation, on average receiving a total of 765 millimetres per year; autumn is the wettest season and spring the driest.

FactSnippet No. 462,112

Denmark belongs to the Boreal Kingdom and can be subdivided into two ecoregions: the Atlantic mixed forests and Baltic mixed forests.

FactSnippet No. 462,113

Denmark holds a Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 0.

FactSnippet No. 462,114

Denmark is home to smaller mammals, such as polecats, hares and hedgehogs.

FactSnippet No. 462,115

Denmark stopped issuing new licences for oil and gas extraction in December 2020.

FactSnippet No. 462,116

The country has historically taken a progressive stance on environmental preservation; in 1971 Denmark established a Ministry of Environment and was the first country in the world to implement an environmental law in 1973.

FactSnippet No. 462,117

Politics in Denmark operate under a framework laid out in the Constitution of Denmark.

FactSnippet No. 462,118

Government of Denmark operates as a cabinet government, where executive authority is exercised—formally, on behalf of the monarch—by the prime minister and other cabinet ministers, who head ministries.

FactSnippet No. 462,119

Denmark's was succeeded by Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the leader of the Liberal Party.

FactSnippet No. 462,120

Denmark has a civil law system with some references to Germanic law.

FactSnippet No. 462,121

Denmark resembles Norway and Sweden in never having developed a case-law like that of England and the United States nor comprehensive codes like those of France and Germany.

FactSnippet No. 462,122

Judicial system of Denmark is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts with jurisdiction over litigation between individuals and the public administration.

FactSnippet No. 462,123

Kingdom of Denmark is a unitary state that comprises, in addition to Denmark proper, two autonomous territories in the North Atlantic Ocean: Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

FactSnippet No. 462,124

The provinces of Denmark are statistical divisions of Denmark, positioned between the administrative regions and municipalities.

FactSnippet No. 462,125

The foreign policy of Denmark is substantially influenced by its membership of the European Union; Denmark including Greenland joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the EU's predecessor, in 1973.

FactSnippet No. 462,126

Denmark held the Presidency of the Council of the European Union on seven occasions, most recently from January to June 2012.

FactSnippet No. 462,127

Denmark is a long-time supporter of international peacekeeping, but since the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999 and the War in Afghanistan in 2001, Denmark has found a new role as a warring nation, participating actively in several wars and invasions.

FactSnippet No. 462,128

Denmark strongly supported American operations in Afghanistan and has contributed both monetarily and materially to the ISAF.

FactSnippet No. 462,129

Denmark has a developed mixed economy that is classed as a high-income economy by the World Bank.

FactSnippet No. 462,130

Denmark's economy stands out as one of the most free in the Index of Economic Freedom and the Economic Freedom of the World.

FactSnippet No. 462,131

Denmark has the fourth highest ratio of tertiary degree holders in the world.

FactSnippet No. 462,132

Once a predominantly agricultural country on account of its arable landscape, since 1945 Denmark has greatly expanded its industrial base and service sector.

FactSnippet No. 462,133

Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and has for a number of years had a balance of payments surplus which has transformed the country from a net debitor to a net creditor country.

FactSnippet No. 462,134

Today, Denmark is part of the European Union's internal market, which represents more than 508 million consumers.

FactSnippet No. 462,135

Denmark has the 2nd lowest relative poverty rate in the OECD, below the 11.

FactSnippet No. 462,136

Denmark has a long tradition of scientific and technological invention and engagement, and has been involved internationally from the very start of the scientific revolution.

FactSnippet No. 462,137

In current times, Denmark is participating in many high-profile international science and technology projects, including CERN, ITER, ESA, ISS and E-ELT.

FactSnippet No. 462,138

Denmark was ranked 9th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 6th in 2020 and from 7th in 2019.

FactSnippet No. 462,139

Denmark has considerably large deposits of oil and natural gas in the North Sea and ranks as number 32 in the world among net exporters of crude oil and was producing 259, 980 barrels of crude oil a day in 2009.

FactSnippet No. 462,140

Denmark is a long-time leader in wind power: In 2015 wind turbines provided 42.

FactSnippet No. 462,141

Denmark is connected by electric transmission lines to other European countries.

FactSnippet No. 462,142

Denmark now aims to focus on intelligent battery systems and plug-in vehicles in the transport sector.

FactSnippet No. 462,143

Cycling in Denmark is a very common form of transport, particularly for the young and for city dwellers.

FactSnippet No. 462,144

However, this has had little effect, and in 2008 Denmark experienced an increase in the import of fuel inefficient old cars, as the cost for older cars—including taxes—keeps them within the budget of many Danes.

FactSnippet No. 462,145

Denmark has one of the oldest populations in the world, with the average age of 41.

FactSnippet No. 462,146

However, as with its Scandinavian neighbours, Denmark has recently transformed from a nation of net emigration, up until World War II, to a nation of net immigration.

FactSnippet No. 462,147

All educational programmes in Denmark are regulated by the Ministry of Education and administered by local municipalities.

FactSnippet No. 462,148

All university and college education in Denmark is free of charges; there are no tuition fees to enrol in courses.

FactSnippet No. 462,149

The National Institute of Public Health of the University of Southern Denmark has calculated 19 major risk factors among Danes that contribute to a lowering of the life expectancy; this includes smoking, alcohol, drug abuse and physical inactivity.

FactSnippet No. 462,150

Denmark has a universal health care system, characterised by being publicly financed through taxes and, for most of the services, run directly by the regional authorities.

FactSnippet No. 462,151

Denmark is the only country to officially use the word 'ghetto' in the 21st century to denote certain residential areas.

FactSnippet No. 462,152

Denmark has been considered a progressive country, which has adopted legislation and policies to support women's rights, minority rights, and LGBT rights.

FactSnippet No. 462,153

Human rights in Denmark are protected by the state's Constitution of the Realm; applying equally in Denmark proper, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, and through the ratification of international human rights treaties.

FactSnippet No. 462,154

Denmark has held a significant role in the adoption of both the European Convention on Human Rights and in the establishment of the European Court of Human Rights.

FactSnippet No. 462,155

Denmark has been greatly criticised by the Greenlandic community for the politics of Danization of and discrimination against the indigenous population of the country.

FactSnippet No. 462,156

Nevertheless, Denmark ratified, in 1996, to recognise the ILO-convention 169 on indigenous people recommended by the UN.

FactSnippet No. 462,157

In regard to LGBT rights, Denmark was the first country in the world to grant legal recognition to same-sex unions in the form of registered partnerships in 1989.

FactSnippet No. 462,158

In doing so, Denmark became the first country in Europe to go against the World Health Organisation standards, which classified transgender identity as being a mental health issue until June 2018.

FactSnippet No. 462,159

Roskilde Festival near Copenhagen is the largest music festival in Northern Europe since 1971 and Denmark has many recurring music festivals of all genres throughout, including Aarhus International Jazz Festival, Skanderborg Festival, The Blue Festival in Aalborg, Esbjerg International Chamber Music Festival and Skagen Festival among many others.

FactSnippet No. 462,160

Denmark has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest since 1957 and has won the contest three times, in 1963, 2000 and 2013.

FactSnippet No. 462,161

Denmark's architecture became firmly established in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque, then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up throughout the country.

FactSnippet No. 462,162

Denmark is known for its Carlsberg and Tuborg beers and for its akvavit and bitters.

FactSnippet No. 462,163

Since around 1970, chefs and restaurants across Denmark have introduced gourmet cooking, largely influenced by French cuisine.

FactSnippet No. 462,164

In recent years, Denmark has made a mark as a strong cycling nation, with Michael Rasmussen reaching King of the Mountains status in the Tour de France in 2005 and 2006.

FactSnippet No. 462,165