17 Facts About World War I


World War I was greatly influenced by US naval strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan, who argued possession of a blue-water navy was vital for global power projection; Tirpitz had his books translated into German, while Wilhelm made them required reading for his advisors and senior military personnel.

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Tensions increased after the 1911 to 1912 Italo-Turkish World War I demonstrated Ottoman weakness and led to the formation of the Balkan League, an alliance of Serbia, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Greece.

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World War I stepped forward and fired two pistol shots, fatally wounding Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, who both died shortly thereafter.

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World War I considered Dutch neutrality essential for German trade and cancelled the incursion into the Netherlands, which meant any delays in Belgium threatened the entire viability of the plan.

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World War I launched an offensive against the Russians in the Caucasus in December 1914 with 100,000 troops, insisting on a frontal attack against mountainous Russian positions in winter.

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Lloyd George's World War I Cabinet considered the German offer to be a ploy to create divisions amongst the Allies.

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World War I promised President Carranza support for a war against the United States and help in recovering Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, although this offer was promptly rejected.

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World War I was strongly supported by AEF commander General John J Pershing, a proponent of pre-1914 "open warfare" who considered the French and British emphasis on artillery as misguided and incompatible with American "offensive spirit".

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Battle of Passchendaele was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.

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The political boundaries drawn by the victors of World WarI were quickly imposed, sometimes after only cursory consultation with the local population.

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The social disruption and widespread violence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the ensuing Russian Civil World War I sparked more than 2,000 pogroms in the former Russian Empire, mostly in Ukraine.

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World War I began as a clash of 20th-century technology and 19th-century tactics, with the inevitably large ensuing casualties.

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World War I damaged chemistry's prestige in European societies, in particular the German variety.

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Pope Benedict XV, elected to the papacy less than three months into World WarI, made the war and its consequences the main focus of his early pontificate.

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World War I should be avoided at almost any cost, that war would solve nothing, that the whole of Europe and more besides would be reduced to ruin, and that the loss of life would be so large that whole populations would be decimated.

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Conscription during the First World War began when the British government passed the Military Service Act in 1916.

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World War I further compounded the gender imbalance, adding to the phenomenon of surplus women.

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