39 Facts About Serbia

1. Serbia is an upper-middle income economy, ranked 64th in the Human Development Index domain.

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2. From 1815 to 1882, the official name for Serbia was the Principality of Serbia.

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3. Archaeological evidence of Paleolithic settlements on the territory of present-day Serbia is scarce.

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4. From 1815 to 1903, the Principality of Serbia was ruled by the House of Obrenovic, save for the rule of Prince Aleksandar Karadordevic between 1842 and 1858.

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5. The 1972 smallpox outbreak in SAP Kosovo and other parts of SR Serbia was the last major outbreak of smallpox in Europe since World War II.

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6. In January and February 2021, Serbia carried the second-fastest vaccine rollout in Europe.

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7. Landlocked country situated at the crossroads between Central and Southern Europe, Serbia is located in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain.

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8. Elevation ranges from the Midzor peak of the Balkan Mountains at 2,169 metres (the highest peak in Serbia, excluding Kosovo) to the lowest point of just 17 metres (56 feet) near the Danube river at Prahovo.

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9. Climate of Serbia is under the influences of the landmass of Eurasia and the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

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10. Serbia is one of few European countries with very high risk exposure to natural hazards.

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11. Mountain of Tara in western Serbia is one of the last regions in Europe where bears can still live in absolute freedom.

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12. The total forest area in Serbia is 2,252,000 ha or 0.3 ha per inhabitant.

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13. Serbia is a parliamentary republic, with the government divided into legislative, executive, and judiciary branches.

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14. In 2021, Serbia was the 5th country in Europe by the number of women holding high-ranking public functions.

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15. Serbia is the fourth modern-day European country, after France, Austria and the Netherlands, to have a codified legal system.

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16. Serbia started the process of joining the EU by signing of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement on 29 April 2008 and officially applied for membership in the European Union on 22 December 2009.

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17. Serbia began cooperation and dialogue with NATO in 2006, when the country joined the Partnership for Peace programme and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.

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18. Serbia is a major producer and exporter of military equipment in the region.

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19. Serbia is one of the countries with the largest number of firearms in the civilian population in the world.

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20. In Serbia, excluding Kosovo, there are 145 municipalities and 29 cities (gradovi), which form the basic units of local self-government.

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21. The Constitution of Serbia recognizes two autonomous provinces, Vojvodina in the north, and the disputed territory of Kosovo and Metohija in the south, while the remaining area of Central Serbia never had its own regional authority.

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22. Constitution of Serbia defines it as a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom.

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23. In 2011, there were only 578 Jews in Serbia, compared to over 30,000 prior to World War II.

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24. One of the most important health institutions in Serbia is the Military Medical Academy in Belgrade.

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25. Serbia is world's second largest producer of plums, second largest of raspberries (89,602 tonnes, second to Poland), it is a significant producer of maize (6.48 million tonnes, ranked 32nd in the world) and wheat (2.07 million tonnes, ranked 35th in the world).

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26. Serbia is a net exporter of electricity and importer of key fuels.

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27. Production of electricity in 2015 in Serbia was 36.5 billion kilowatt-hours, while the final electricity consumption amounted to 35.5 billion kilowatt-hours.

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28. Serbia is not a mass-tourism destination but nevertheless has a diverse range of touristic products.

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29. Education in Serbia is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science.

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30. Serbia was ranked 54th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 57th in 2019.

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31. Serbia was influenced by the Republic of Venice as well, mainly though trade, literature and romanesque architecture.

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32. Under Ottoman occupation, when Serbia was not part of the European Renaissance, the tradition of oral story-telling through epic poetry was inspired by the Kosovo battle and folk tales rooted in Slavic mythology.

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33. Serbia's is honoured with statues, postage stamps, and the names of streets across Serbia.

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34. The Choir of Radio Television of Serbia is a leading vocal ensemble in the country.

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35. Pop music artist Zeljko Joksimovic won second place at the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest and Marija Serifovic won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Molitva", and Serbia was the host of the 2008 edition of the contest.

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36. Serbia is ranked 90th out of 180 countries in the 2019 Press Freedom Index report compiled by Reporters Without Borders.

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37. The most popular sports in Serbia are football, basketball, tennis, volleyball, water polo and handball.

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38. Professional sports in Serbia are organised by sporting federations and leagues.

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39. Serbia became the eighth player in history to achieve the Career Grand Slam, the third man to hold all four major titles at once, the first ever to do so on three different surfaces, and the first in the Open Era to achieve a double Career Grand Slam.

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