19 Facts About Police


Police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Police forces are often defined as being separate from the military and other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie are military units charged with civil policing.

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Police forces are usually public sector services, funded through taxes.

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Police officers served as interrogators, prosecutors, and court bailiffs, and were responsible for administering punishments handed down by judges.

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Police officers acted as prosecutors and carried out punishments imposed by the courts.

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In 1863, the Metropolitan Police were issued with the distinctive custodian helmet, and in 1884 they switched to the use of whistles that could be heard from much further away.

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The Metropolitan Police became a model for the police forces in many countries, including the United States and most of the British Empire.

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However, whilst the New South Wales Police Force was established in 1862, it was made up from a large number of policing and military units operating within the then Colony of New South Wales and traces its links back to the Royal Marines.

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The passing of the Police Regulation Act of 1862 essentially tightly regulated and centralised all of the police forces operating throughout the Colony of New South Wales.

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The New South Wales Police Force remains the largest police force in Australia in terms of personnel and physical resources.

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The Toronto Police Service was established in 1834, whereas the Service de police de la Ville de Quebec was established in 1840.

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Colquhoun's Thames River Police was founded on these principles, and in contrast to the Bow Street Runners, acted as a deterrent by their continual presence on the riverfront, in addition to being able to intervene if they spotted a crime in progress.

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Police who wear uniforms make up the majority of a police service's personnel.

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Groups in the U S including Retired and Senior Volunteer Program, Community Emergency Response Team and the Boy Scout's Police Explorers provide training, traffic and crowd control, disaster response and other policing duties.

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Police forces are usually organized and funded by some level of government.

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Police argues that transnational police information circuits help to "compose the panic scenes of the security-control society".

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Police often have specialist units for handling armed offenders, and similar dangerous situations, and can, in some extreme circumstances, call on the military .

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Police vehicles are usually marked with appropriate logos and are equipped with sirens and flashing light bars to aid in making others aware of police presence.

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Police forces find themselves under criticism for their use of force, particularly deadly force.

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