32 Facts About Bulgaria


Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe.

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In 1946, Bulgaria came under the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc and became a socialist state.

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Bulgaria then transitioned into a democracy and a market-based economy.

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Since adopting a democratic constitution in 1991, Bulgaria has been a unitary parliamentary republic composed of 28 provinces, with a high degree of political, administrative, and economic centralisation.

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Bulgaria is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 68th in the Human Development Index.

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Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018.

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Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; it is a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times.

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Bulgaria acknowledged the spiritual supremacy of the pope and received a royal crown from a papal legate.

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Bulgaria entered World War II in 1941 as a member of the Axis but declined to participate in Operation Barbarossa and saved its Jewish population from deportation to concentration camps.

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Bulgaria did not comply with Soviet demands to expel German forces from its territory, resulting in a declaration of war and an invasion by the USSR in September 1944.

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Bulgaria suffered little war damage and the Soviet Union demanded no reparations.

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Zhivkov resigned and Bulgaria embarked on a transition to a parliamentary democracy.

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Bulgaria hosted the 2018 Presidency of the Council of the European Union at the National Palace of Culture in Sofia.

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Bulgaria is a small country situated in Southeastern Europe, in the east of the Balkans.

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Bulgaria has a varied and changeable climate, which results from being positioned at the meeting point of the Mediterranean, Oceanic and Continental air masses combined with the barrier effect of its mountains.

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Bulgaria has some of the largest Natura 2000 areas in Europe covering 33.

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Bulgaria is a parliamentary democracy where the prime minister is the head of government and the most powerful executive position.

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Bulgaria is still listed as "Free", with a political system designated as a semi-consolidated democracy, albeit with deteriorating scores.

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Bulgaria is a highly centralised state where the Council of Ministers directly appoints regional governors and all provinces and municipalities are heavily dependent on it for funding.

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Bulgaria became a member of the United Nations in 1955 and since 1966 has been a non-permanent member of the Security Council three times, most recently from 2002 to 2003.

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Bulgaria signed the European Union Treaty of Accession on 25 April 2005, and became a full member of the European Union on 1 January 2007.

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Bulgaria deployed significant numbers of both civilian and military advisors in Soviet-allied countries like Nicaragua and Libya during the Cold War.

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From a largely agricultural country with a predominantly rural population in 1948, by the 1980s Bulgaria had transformed into an industrial economy, with scientific and technological research at the top of its budgetary expenditure priorities.

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Bulgaria is the largest producer globally of lavender and rose oil, both widely used in fragrances.

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Bulgaria was ranked 35th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 40th in 2019.

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Bulgaria was known as a "Communist Silicon Valley" during the Soviet era due to its key role in COMECON computing technology production.

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Bulgaria was the first country to grow wheat and vegetables in space with its Svet greenhouses on the Mir space station.

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Bulgaria thus has one of the oldest populations in the world, with an average age of 43 years.

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Bulgaria has the highest ratio of female ICT researchers in the EU, as well as the second-highest ratio of females in the technology sector at 44.

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Bulgaria is a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom by constitution, but Orthodoxy is designated as a traditional religion.

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Bulgaria was the world's second-largest wine exporter until 1989, but has since lost that position.

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Bulgaria appeared at the first modern Olympic games in 1896, when it was represented by gymnast Charles Champaud.

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