30 Facts About Libya

1. Under the reign of King Idris, Libya could best be characterized as a conservative, traditional Arab state.

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2. Libya is currently constructing another chemical weapons production facility at Tarhunah.

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3. In 1988, Libya was found to be in the process of constructing a chemical weapons plant at Rabta, a plant which is the largest such facility in the Third World.

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4. Libya is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

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5. In 1998, the GPC divided Libya into 26 governorates, each to be headed by the secretary of a people's committee.

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6. In 1996, it was believed that Libya was almost finished building the world's largest underground chemical weapons plant at Tarhunah, near Tripoli.

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7. On December 19, 2003, Libya publicly announced its intention to rid itself of weapons of mass destruction and Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)-class missile programs.

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8. Libya is located in northern Africa on the southern border of the Mediterranean Sea.

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9. The United States charged that Libya was constructing a chemical weapons plant southeast of Tripoli and said Libya would be prevented from putting it into operation.

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10. Libya is the second largest oil producer in Africa after Nigeria.

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11. Libya is a large country situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa.

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12. Libya is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the south by Chad and Niger, on the east by Egypt and Sudan, and on the west by Algeria and Tunisia.

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13. In 1992, Colonel Qadhafi divided Libya into 1,500 mahallat and granted each of them its own budget as well as executive and legislative powers.

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14. In 1986, Libya spent 7.7 percent of its budget on education or 636 million dinar, which was 9.6 percent of its GNP that year.

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15. In 1974, Libya spent more on its students than most other nations in the African and Arab world.

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16. The National Library of Libya is located in Benghazi, as is the Public Library of Libya, which contains 11,000 books.

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17. Libya is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa and the Middle East.

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18. Libya is the fourth largest Arab nation in the world.

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19. Libya is a direct producer of refined products in Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland.

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20. Libya is a direct distributor and producer of refined products in Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Egypt.

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21. Libya is a member of OPEC, its crude oil production is subject to a quota, which as of 1 November 2004, was placed at 1.445 million barrels per day.

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22. Libya is a major exporter of oil, mainly to Europe, mainly to Italy, Germany, France and Spain.

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23. Until the late 1950s, Libya was one of the poorest countries in the world.

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24. In 2005, the armed forces of Libya numbered 76,000 active and some 40,000 reserve personnel.

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25. Libya is home to the largest proven oil reserves on the African continent.

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26. Libya is not a WTO member, but negotiations for its accession started in 2004.

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27. Libya is included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer.

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28. Libya is bound to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, the west by Tunisia and Algeria, the southwest by Niger, the south by Chad, the southeast by Sudan, and the east by Egypt.

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29. In February 1977, Libya started delivering military supplies to Goukouni Oueddei and the People's Armed Forces in Chad.

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30. The name "Libya" was brought back into use in 1903 by Italian geographer Federico Minutilli.

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