23 Facts About Niger

1. In 1991, Niger ended military and single-party rule through a National Conference that was to prepare for the democratization of the country.

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2. Niger is a republic, with a semi-presidential government based on the 1999 constitution that brought about the country's Fifth Republic.

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3. The Union of Workers' Syndicates of Niger is the only trade union.

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4. Niger is a developing, landlocked African nation whose northern area includes the Sahara Desert.

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5. In 1991, Niger sent a 400-man military contingent to join the American-led allied forces against Iraq during the Gulf War.

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6. Niger is a key participant in the Trans-Saharan Counter-Terrorism program.

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7. The Government of Niger is trying to attract new bids on the Agadem block for 2008.

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8. Niger is in the heart of the Sahel, the transitional zone between the tropical West African coast and the Sahara Desert.

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9. The National Museum of Niger, founded in 1959 in Niamey, has a zoo, a geological and mineral exhibition, and paleontology and prehistory museums.

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10. Niger is a participant in the transnational Air Afrique, which provides international service, along with several other airlines.

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11. Niger is one of the poorest nations on the earth with a UN Human Development Index of 2014 ranking it as 188th in the world.

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12. Niger is on the border between Sahara and Sub-Sahara region.

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13. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking near last on the United Nations Development Fund index of human development.

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14. The most important donors in Niger are France, the European Union, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and various United Nations agencies.

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15. On 18 December 1958, the Republic of Niger was officially created with Hamani Diori as the head of the Counsel of Ministers of the Republic of Niger.

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16. In December 2000, Niger qualified for enhanced debt relief under the International Monetary Fund program for Highly Indebted Poor Countries and concluded an agreement with the Fund on a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility.

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17. In 2013, the government of Niger sought to increase its uranium revenue by subjecting the two mining companies to a 2006 Mining Law.

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18. Niger is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa.

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19. Niger is divided into 7 Regions and one capital district.

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20. Law enforcement in Niger is the responsibility of the Ministry of Defense through the National Gendarmerie and the Ministry of the Interior through the National Police and the National Guard.

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21. Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions.

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22. On 11 July 1960, Niger decided to leave the French Community and acquired full independence on 3 August 1960 with Diori as its first president.

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23. Niger is a developing country, which consistently ranks near the bottom in the United Nations' Human Development Index; it was ranked 187th of 188 countries for 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in the 2018 report.

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