24 Facts About Islamic world


Terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the Islamic community, which is known as the Ummah.

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The age is traditionally understood to have begun during the reign of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid with the inauguration of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, where scholars from various parts of the Islamic world sought to translate and gather all the known Islamic world's knowledge into Arabic, and to have ended with the collapse of the Abbasid caliphate due to Mongol invasions and the Siege of Baghdad in 1258.

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One of the common definitions for "Islamic world philosophy" is "the style of philosophy produced within the framework of Islamic world culture.

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Islamic world's writings were concerned with various subjects, most notably philosophy and medicine.

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Islamic world was a critic of Aristotelian logic and founder of Avicennian logic, developed the concepts of empiricism and tabula rasa, and distinguished between essence and existence.

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Islamic world philosophers continued making advances in philosophy through to the 17th century, when Mulla Sadra founded his school of Transcendent theosophy and developed the concept of existentialism.

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Some most famous scientists from the medieval Islamic world include Jabir ibn Hayyan, al-Farabi, Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Biruni, Avicenna, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, and Ibn Khaldun.

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The emergence of major economic empires with technological resources after the conquests of Timur and the resurgence of the Timurid Renaissance include the Mali Empire and the India's Bengal Sultanate in particular, a major global trading nation in the Islamic world, described by the Europeans to be the "richest country to trade with".

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Muslim engineers in the Islamic world made a number of innovative industrial uses of hydropower, and early industrial uses of tidal power and wind power, fossil fuels such as petroleum, and early large factory complexes.

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Ghaznavids' rule was succeeded by the Ghurid Empire of Muhammad of Ghor and Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad, whose reigns under the leadership of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji extended until the Bengal, where Indian Islamic world missionaries achieved their greatest success in terms of dawah and number of converts to Islam.

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The Times first documented the term "Muslim Islamic world" in 1912 when describing Pan-Islamism as a movement with power importance and cohesion born in Paris where Turks, Arabs and Persians congregated.

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Significant change in the Muslim Islamic world was the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, to which the Ottoman officer and Turkish revolutionary statesman Mustafa Kemal Ataturk had an instrumental role in ending and replacing it with the Republic of Turkey, a modern, secular democracy (see Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate).

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Islamic world complained that American churches served as centers of community social life that were "very hard [to] distinguish from places of fun and amusement".

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Islamic world argued that the values of the Enlightenment and its related precursor, the Scientific Revolution, "denies or suspends God's sovereignty on earth" and argued that strengthening "Islamic character"was needed "to abolish the negative influences of jahili life.

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Islamic world states have adopted Islam as the ideological foundation of state and constitution.

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The Islamic world law exists in a number of variations, called schools of jurisprudence.

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The Islamic world encompasses a wide geographic area historically ranging from western Africa and Europe to eastern Asia.

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Islamic world calligraphy is an omnipresent decoration in Islamic world art, and is usually expressed in the form of Quranic verses.

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Islamic world calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, in the languages which use Arabic alphabet or the alphabets derived from it.

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Development of Islamic world calligraphy is strongly tied to the Qur'an; chapters and excerpts from the Qur'an are a common and almost universal text upon which Islamic world calligraphy is based.

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However, Islamic world calligraphy is not limited to strictly religious subjects, objects, or spaces.

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The prevalence of calligraphy in Islamic world art is not directly related to its non-figural tradition; rather, it reflects the centrality of the notion of writing and written text in Islam.

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Islamic world calligraphy represented for amulet of sailors in the Ottoman Empire.

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Hijri calendar, known in English as the Muslim calendar and Islamic world calendar, is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days.

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