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52 Facts About Bengal
The region reached its highest prosperity under the Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, which became one of the world's richest trading nations.
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Bengal's economy underwent a period of proto-industrialization during this period.
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Bengal made significant contributions to the world's first Industrial Revolution, but later suffered its own deindustrialisation.
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Name of Bengal is derived from the ancient kingdom of Banga, the earliest records of which date back to the Mahabharata epic in the first millennium BCE.
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North Bengal is noted for its rich cultural heritage, including two UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
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The Bangladeshi part includes Khulna Division, Barisal Division and the proposed Faridpur Division The Indian part of South Bengal includes 12 districts: Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, East Midnapur, West Midnapur, Purulia, Bankura, Birbhum, Nadia, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas.
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Southeast Bengal is noted for its thalassocratic and seafaring heritage.
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Ancient Bengal was divided between the regions of Varendra, Suhma, Anga, Vanga, Samatata and Harikela.
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Ancient Bengal was considered a part of Magadha region, which was the cradle of Indian arts and sciences.
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Under Mughal rule, Bengal was a center of the worldwide muslin and silk trades.
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Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.
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Bengal was central in the rising political awareness of the Muslim population—the All-India Muslim League was established in Dhaka in 1906.
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Calcutta, the former capital of the British Indian Empire, became the state capital of West Bengal and continued to be India's largest city until the late 20th century, when severe power shortages, strikes and a violent Marxist-Naxalite movement damaged much of the state's infrastructure in the 1960s and 70s, leading to a period of economic stagnation.
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Since the 2000s, West Bengal has experienced an economic rejuvenation, particularly in its IT industry.
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Bengal reoriented the country's foreign policy towards the West and restored free markets and the multiparty polity.
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Bengal was eventually succeeded by his army chief Hussain Muhammad Ershad.
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Politically both Bangladesh and Indian Bengal are socialist, with left wing parties dominating the region's politics.
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Bengal region is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
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Bengal region is located at the crossroads of two huge economic blocs, the SAARC and ASEAN.
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Culturally, Bengal is significant for its huge Muslim and Hindu populations.
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Bengal was home one of the world's earliest coin currencies in the first millennium BCE.
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The Mother Bengal represents not only biological motherness but its attributed characteristics as well – protection, never ending love, consolation, care, the beginning and the end of life.
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Islamic Bengal was noted for its production of the finest cotton fabrics and saris, notably the Jamdani, which received warrants from the Mughal court.
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Bengal was home to the largest mosque in South Asia at Adina.
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Bengal region has a rich heritage of Indo-Saracenic architecture, including numerous zamindar palaces and mansions.
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Bengal was the leader of scientific endeavours in the subcontinent during the British Raj.
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Bengal was the first person from the Indian subcontinent to receive a US patent, in 1904.
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Bengal's most significant contribution is the eponymous Raychaudhuri equation, which demonstrates that singularities arise inevitably in general relativity and is a key ingredient in the proofs of the Penrose–Hawking singularity theorems.
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Bengal was among the first recipients of the Fundamental Physics Prize "for opening the path to the realisation that all string theories are different limits of the same underlying theory".
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Folk music in Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument.
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Medieval Bengal was shipbuilding hub for the Mughal and Ottoman navies.
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