23 Facts About Bengal tiger


Bengal tiger is a population of the Panthera tigris tigris subspecies.

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Bengal tiger is the traditional type locality of the species and the nominate subspecies Panthera tigris tigris.

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Results of a genetic analysis of 32 tiger samples indicate that the Bengal tiger samples grouped into a different clade than the Siberian tiger samples.

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Bengal tiger is defined by three distinct mitochondrial nucleotide sites and 12 unique microsatellite alleles.

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Bengal tiger's coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black; the belly and the interior parts of the limbs are white, and the tail is orange with black rings.

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The white tiger is a recessive mutant, which is reported in the wild from time to time in Assam, Bengal, Bihar, and especially in the former State of Rewa.

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The heaviest wild Bengal tiger was possibly a huge male killed in 1967 at the foothills of the Himalayas.

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The Bengal tiger probably arrived too late in southern India to colonise Sri Lanka, which earlier had been connected to India by a land bridge.

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Results of a phylogeographic study using 134 samples from tigers across the global range suggest that the historical northeastern distribution limit of the Bengal tiger is the region in the Chittagong Hills and Brahmaputra River basin, bordering the historical range of the Indochinese tiger.

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The TCUs in tropical moist evergreen forests represent the less common Bengal tiger habitats, being largely limited to the upland areas and wetter parts of the Western Ghats, and include the Bengal tiger reserves of Periyar, Kalakad-Mundathurai, Bandipur and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary.

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The Central Indian Bengal tiger population is fragmented and depends on wildlife corridors that facilitate connectivity between protected areas.

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In May 2018, a Bengal tiger was recorded in Sahyadri Tiger Reserve for the first time in eight years.

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In February 2019, a Bengal tiger was sighted in Gujarat's Lunavada area in Mahisagar district, and found dead shortly afterwards.

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Information is lacking on many aspects of Sundarbans Bengal tiger ecology, including relative abundance, population status, spatial dynamics, habitat selection, life history characteristics, taxonomy, genetics, and disease.

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In 2017, a Bengal tiger was recorded for the time in Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Bhutan's Bengal tiger population was estimated at 90 individuals comprising 60 females and 30 males with a population density estimate of 0.

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One juvenile Bengal tiger was presumed dead after being photographed with severe injuries from a deer snare.

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None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within the Bengal tiger range is large enough to support an effective population size of 250 individuals.

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In December 2012, a Bengal tiger was shot by the Kerala Forest Department on a coffee plantation on the fringes of the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Indian Bengal tiger scientists have called for use of technology in the conservation efforts.

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Completion of the Indian Bengal Tiger Studbook is a necessary prerequisite to establishing a captive management program for tigers in India.

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The iconography persisted and during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Punch ran a political cartoon showing the Indian rebels as a Bengal tiger, attacking a victim, being defeated by the British forces shown by the larger figure of a lion.

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Bengal tiger has been used as a logo and a nickname for famous personalities.

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