29 Facts About Bihar


The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east.

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However, since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development.

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Name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word vihara, meaning "abode".

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Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa were carved out as a separate province.

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Bihar has some small hills, such as the Rajgir hills in center, Kaimur Range in south-west and Shivalik Range in North.

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In 2016, the government of Bihar has accepted the proposal of the forest authorities to turn the place into a Crocodile Conservation Reserve.

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Constitutional head of the government of Bihar is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India.

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Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916.

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Research indicates that Bihar relies on privatised hospitals to provide healthcare to the masses, with the second-highest ratio among Indian states for private to public spending and high levels of corruption.

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Corruption is enabled as Bihar lacks continuity and transparency of health reporting as required by the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010.

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Bihar has the fastest-growing state economy in terms of GSDP, with a growth rate of 17.

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The economy of Bihar was projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13.

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Bihar has experienced strong growth in per capita net state domestic product.

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Bihar has produced musicians like Bharat Ratna, Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad singers like the Malliks and the Mishras (Bettiah Gharana), along with poets like Vidyapati Thakur who contributed to Maithili music.

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The classical music in Bihar is a form of Hindustani classical music.

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Bihar publishes many Urdu dailies, such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara, and the monthly Voice of Bihar.

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Bihar is visited by many tourists from around the world, In 2019 Total 33 million of tourists visited Bihar which includes more than 1 million foreign tourists.

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The culture and heritage of Bihar can be observed from the large number of ancient monuments spread throughout the state.

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Bihar has many places for ecotourism, which includes Valmiki National Park is famous national park and tiger reserve.

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Bihar has many wildlife sanctuary such Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimur Sanctuary, Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary and Pant Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Bihar invites many species of migratory birds at bird sanctuary like Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary and Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary.

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Bihar has a total of three operational airports as of 2020: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga.

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Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar, having seasonal flights to countries like Thailand, Bhutan, and Myanmar.

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Bihar saw a revival of its education system during the later part of the British rule, when Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library was established in 1891 by Sir Khan Bahadur Khuda Bakhsh which is currently one of the world's largest functioning library and boast 5 Million items.

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The Patna University, one of the oldest universities in Bihar, was established in 1917, and is the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent.

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Today, Bihar is home of 8 Institutes of National Importance: IIT Patna, IIM Bodh Gaya, AIIMS, Patna, NIT Patna, IIIT Bhagalpur, NIPER Hajipur, Khuda bakhsh Oriental Library and Nalanda International University.

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In March 2019, the government of Bihar has sent a proposal to centre Government to upgrade Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital into an AIIMS-like institution.

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Bihar is home of four Central universities which includes Central University of South Bihar, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Dr Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University and Nalanda University.

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Bihar has eight medical colleges which are funded by the government, namely Patna Medical College and Hospital, Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital Gaya, Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur, Government Medical College, Bettiah and five private medical colleges.

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