59 Facts About Indira Gandhi

1. Indira Gandhi's remains the only woman ever to occupy the office of the Prime Minister of India.

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2. Indira Gandhi's is almost singularly associated with the period of Emergency rule and the dark period in Indian Democracy that it entailed.

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3. Indira Gandhi is associated with fostering a culture of nepotism in Indian politics and in India's institutions.

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4. Indira Gandhi's was responsible for India joining the club of countries with nuclear weapons.

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5. Indira Gandhi felt guilty about her inability to fully devote her time to her children.

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6. Indira Gandhi's wrote to Norman in 1959, irritable that women had organized around the communist cause but had not mobilized for the Indian cause: "The women, whom I have been trying to organize for years, had always refused to come into politics.

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7. Indira Gandhi's was one of the first people I read about with enthusiasm.

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8. Indira Gandhi's often tried to organize women to involve themselves in politics.

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9. In 1956, Indira Gandhi had an active role in setting up the Congress Party's Women's Section.

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10. Indira Gandhi's married Feroze Gandhi at the age of 25, in 1942.

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11. Indira Gandhi gave verbal authorisation of this test, and preparations were made in a long-constructed army base, the Indian Army Pokhran Test Range.

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12. Indira Gandhi authorised the development of nuclear weapons in 1967, in response to the Test No 6 by People's Republic of China.

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13. Indira Gandhi contributed and further carried out the vision of Jawaharlal Nehru, former Premier of India to develop the program.

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14. Indira Gandhi ordered the Indian Army to launch massive retaliatory strikes in response.

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15. Indira Gandhi came out of the language conflicts with the strong support of the south Indian populace.

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16. Indira Gandhi considered the north-eastern regions important, because of its strategic situation.

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17. In 1967, Indira Gandhi made a constitutional amendment that guaranteed the de facto use of both Hindi and English as official languages.

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18. Indira Gandhi's justified the imposition of the state of emergency in 1975 in the name of the socialist mission of the Congress.

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19. In 1972, Indira Gandhi granted statehood to Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura, while the North-East Frontier Agency was declared a union territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh.

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20. In 1975, Indira Gandhi declared the state of Jammu and Kashmir as a constituent unit of India.

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21. Indira Gandhi indicated that she would make no major concessions on Kashmir.

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22. In 1966, Indira Gandhi accepted the demands of the Akalis to reorganize Punjab on linguistic lines.

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23. In 1969, Indira Gandhi moved to nationalise fourteen major commercial banks.

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24. Indira Gandhi inherited a weak economy when she again became Prime Minister in 1980.

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25. Indira Gandhi had a personal motive in pursuing agricultural self-sufficiency, having found India's dependency on the US for shipments of grains humiliating.

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26. Indira Gandhi's began a new course by launching the Fourth Five-Year Plan in 1969.

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27. Indira Gandhi presided over three Five-Year Plans as Prime Minister, two of which succeeded in meeting the targeted growth.

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28. Indira Gandhi met President Ronald Reagan in 1981 for the first time at the North–South Summit held to discuss global poverty.

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29. Indira Gandhi's enjoyed closed working relationship with many British leaders including conservative premiers, Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher.

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30. Indira Gandhi spent a number of years in Europe during her youth and formed many friendships during her stay there.

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31. Indira Gandhi used to use the Commonwealth meetings as a forum to put pressure on member countries to cut economic, sports, and cultural ties with Apartheid South Africa.

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32. Indira Gandhi firmly tied Indian anti-imperialist interests in Africa to those of the Soviet Union.

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33. Indira Gandhi declared the people of Indian origin settled in Africa as "Ambassadors of India.

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34. Indira Gandhi began negotiations with the Kenyan government to establish the Africa-India Development Cooperation.

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35. Indira Gandhi is remembered for her ability to effectively promote Indian foreign policy measures.

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36. Indira Gandhi's died two weeks and five days before her 67th birthday.

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37. Indira Gandhi was brought at 9:30 AM to the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences where doctors operated on her.

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38. Indira Gandhi's was to be interviewed by the British actor Peter Ustinov, who was filming a documentary for Irish television.

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39. Indira Gandhi's won a by-election from the Chikmagalur Constituency to the Lok Sabha in November 1978.

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40. Indira Gandhi used the emergency provisions to change conflicting party members.

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41. Indira Gandhi insisted that the conviction did not undermine her position, despite having been unseated from the lower house of parliament, Lok Sabha, by order of the High Court.

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42. Indira Gandhi's was hailed as Goddess Durga by opposition leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee at that time.

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43. Indira Gandhi formed her government with Morarji Desai as deputy prime minister and finance minister.

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44. Towards the end of the 1950s, Indira Gandhi served as the President of the Congress.

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45. Indira Gandhi tried to return to England through Portugal but was left stranded for nearly two months.

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46. Indira Gandhi's was being treated there in 1940, when the German armies rapidly conquered Europe.

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47. Indira Gandhi's had to make repeated trips to Switzerland to recover, disrupting her studies.

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48. On 26 September 1981, Mrs Indira Gandhi, was conferred with the Honorory Degree of Doctor at the Laucala Graduation at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji.

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49. Indira Gandhi had to take the entrance examination twice, having failed at her first attempt with a poor performance in Latin.

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50. Indira Gandhi's was the only child, and grew up with her mother, Kamala Nehru, at the Anand Bhavan; a large family estate in Allahabad.

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51. Indira Gandhi's had limited contact with her father, mostly through letters.

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52. Indira Gandhi was born as Indira Nehru in a Kashmiri Pandit family on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad.

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53. In 1999, Indira Gandhi was named "Woman of the Millennium" in an online poll organised by the BBC.

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54. Indira Gandhi's went to war with Pakistan in support of the independence movement and war of independence in East Pakistan, which resulted in an Indian victory and the creation of Bangladesh, as well as increasing India's influence to the point where it became the regional hegemon of South Asia.

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55. Indira Gandhi's was elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1959.

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56. Indira Gandhi served as her father's personal assistant and hostess during his tenure as Prime Minister between 1947 and 1964.

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57. Indira Gandhi's served as Prime Minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984, making her the second longest-serving Indian Prime Minister after her father.

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58. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India.

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59. Indira Gandhi's was the first and, to date, the only female Prime Minister of India.

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