47 Facts About Margaret Thatcher

1. In the mid-1990s, Margaret Thatcher warned, "You have not anchored Germany to Europe.

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2. In the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher was known as a political battleaxe, a 'Boadicea in pearls'.

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3. Margaret Thatcher was rated more highly than any other political leaders amongst both Leavers and Remainers The three times PM is the only politician past or present that voters would trust to get a good deal out of the EU.

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4. Margaret Thatcher would be the people's favourite to lead Brexit negotiations if she were alive today, poll finds.

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5. Margaret Thatcher was awarded twice in 1991 with the highest civilian awards of the United States and South Africa respectively:.

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6. As the spouse of a knight, Margaret Thatcher was entitled to use the honorific style "Lady", an automatically conferred title that she declined to use.

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7. Margaret Thatcher became a Privy Councillor upon becoming Secretary of State for Education and Science in 1970.

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8. Margaret Thatcher was the subject or the inspiration for 1980s protest songs.

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9. In January 1978, Margaret Thatcher criticised Labour immigration policy with the goal of attracting voters away from the Front and to the Conservatives.

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10. Margaret Thatcher generally supported the welfare state, while proposing to rid it of abuses.

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11. Margaret Thatcher returned to 10 Downing Street in late November 2009 for the unveiling of an official portrait by artist Richard Stone, an unusual honour for a living former Prime Minister.

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12. Margaret Thatcher was a public supporter of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism and the resulting Prague Process, and sent a public letter of support to its preceding conference.

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13. In February 2007 Margaret Thatcher became the first living British prime minister to be honoured with a statue in the Houses of Parliament.

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14. In 2006, Margaret Thatcher attended the official Washington, DC memorial service to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the 11 September attacks on the US.

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15. In 2005, Margaret Thatcher criticised the way the decision to invade Iraq had been made two years previously.

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16. On 11 June 2004, Margaret Thatcher attended the state funeral service for Ronald Reagan.

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17. In 1998, Margaret Thatcher called for the release of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet when Spain had him arrested and sought to try him for human rights violations.

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18. Margaret Thatcher was hired by the tobacco company Philip Morris as a "geopolitical consultant" in July 1992, for $250,000 per year and an annual contribution of $250,000 to her foundation.

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19. Margaret Thatcher was replaced as Prime Minister and party leader by Chancellor John Major, who prevailed over Heseltine in the subsequent ballot.

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20. Margaret Thatcher removed Geoffrey Howe as Foreign Secretary in July 1989 after he and Lawson had forced her to agree to a plan for Britain to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

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21. Margaret Thatcher was challenged for the leadership of the Conservative Party by the little-known backbench MP Sir Anthony Meyer in the 1989 leadership election.

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22. In November 1989, Margaret Thatcher hailed the fall of the Berlin Wall as "a great day for freedom".

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23. Margaret Thatcher was criticised for the neglect of the Falklands' defence that led to the war, and especially by Tam Dalyell in Parliament for the decision to torpedo the General Belgrano, but overall she was considered a highly capable and committed war leader.

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24. Margaret Thatcher was in the US on a state visit when Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein invaded neighbouring Kuwait in August 1990.

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25. Margaret Thatcher became closely aligned with the Cold War policies of US President Ronald Reagan, based on their shared distrust of Communism.

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26. Margaret Thatcher was one of the first Western leaders to respond warmly to reformist Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

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27. Margaret Thatcher appointed Lord Carrington, a senior member of the party and former Minister of Defence, as Foreign Minister in 1979.

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28. Margaret Thatcher supported an active climate protection policy and was instrumental in the passing of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, the establishment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and in founding the Hadley Centre for Climate Research and Prediction.

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29. Margaret Thatcher narrowly escaped injury in an IRA assassination attempt at a Brighton hotel early in the morning on 12 October 1984.

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30. Margaret Thatcher always resisted privatising British Rail and was said to have told Transport Secretary Nicholas Ridley: "Railway privatisation will be the Waterloo of this government.

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31. Margaret Thatcher refused to meet the union's demands and compared the miners' dispute to the Falklands War, declaring in a speech in 1984: "We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands.

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32. Margaret Thatcher was Leader of the Opposition and Prime Minister at a time of increased racial tension in Britain.

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33. In 1976, Margaret Thatcher gave her "Britain Awake" foreign policy speech which lambasted the Soviet Union for seeking world dominance.

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34. Margaret Thatcher reacted to this by branding the Labour government "chickens", and Liberal Party leader David Steel joined in, criticising Labour for "running scared".

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35. Margaret Thatcher chose to travel without her Shadow Foreign Secretary, Reginald Maudling, in an attempt to make a bolder personal impact.

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36. Margaret Thatcher intended to promote neoliberal economic ideas at home and abroad.

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37. Margaret Thatcher began attending lunches regularly at the Institute of Economic Affairs, a think tank founded by Hayekian poultry magnate Antony Fisher; she had been visiting the IEA and reading its publications since the early 1960s.

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38. Margaret Thatcher had already begun to work on her presentation on the advice of Gordon Reece, a former television producer.

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39. Margaret Thatcher became Conservative Party leader and Leader of the Opposition on 11 February 1975; she appointed Whitelaw as her deputy.

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40. Margaret Thatcher supported Lord Rothschild's 1971 proposal for market forces to affect government funding of research.

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41. In a 1991 interview for Today, Margaret Thatcher stated that she thought Powell had "made a valid argument, if in sometimes regrettable terms".

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42. Margaret Thatcher was one of the few Conservative MPs to support Leo Abse's bill to decriminalise male homosexuality.

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43. Margaret Thatcher was the youngest woman in history to receive such a post, and among the first MPs elected in 1959 to be promoted.

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44. In 1954, Margaret Thatcher was defeated when she sought selection to be the Conservative party candidate for the Orpington by-election of January 1955.

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45. Margaret Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her subsequent support for the Community Charge was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet.

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46. Margaret Thatcher introduced a series of economic policies intended to reverse high unemployment and Britain's struggles in the wake of the Winter of Discontent and an ongoing recession.

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47. In 1975, Margaret Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become Leader of the Opposition, the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom.

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