101 Facts About Richard Nixon

1. In 1969, Richard Nixon worked to increase awareness for minority hiring by establishing the "Philadelphia Plan" and additional affirmative action programs.

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2. Richard Nixon resigned on Aug 9, 1974, four days after he released the tapes.

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3. Richard Nixon had sought to shut down the investigation into Watergate, yet The Times still cautioned against impeachment.

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4. Richard Nixon began his time in the Navy stationed in Iowa.

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5. Richard Nixon was a Quaker, he could have claimed an exemption from the draft and thus the military all together.

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6. Richard Nixon went on to attend the town's college, Whittier College, which was a Quaker school.

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7. Richard Nixon was the first President to visit a nation not recognized by our own government.

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8. Richard Nixon survived two potentially fatal political losses in 1960 and 1962.

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9. Richard Nixon was only 39 years old when he ran for vice president in 1952.

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10. Richard Nixon applied to the agency but never heard back about his application.

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11. Richard Nixon had a chance to attend Harvard but had to decline.

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12. Richard Nixon won election in four of the five races, as did FDR.

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13. Richard Nixon spent his last years campaigning for American political support and financial aid for Russia and the other former Soviet republics.

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14. Richard Nixon retired with his wife to the seclusion of his estate in San Clemente, California.

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15. Richard Nixon graduated from Whittier College in California in 1934 and from Duke University Law School in Durham, North Carolina, in 1937.

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16. Richard Nixon was the second of five children born to Frank Nixon, a service station owner and grocer, and Hannah Milhous Nixon, whose devout Quakerism would exert a strong influence on her son.

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17. In 1974, Richard Nixon resigned from the Presidency due to the events surrounding Watergate.

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18. Richard Nixon altered US foreign policy in the Middle East dramatically by deepening ties with conservative and moderate Arab regimes.

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19. Richard Nixon attends the Summit I in Moscow in 1972 and became the first American President to make an official visit to the Soviet Union.

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20. Richard Nixon sought to improve relations with China by becoming the first President to meet with Chinese leaders in Peking in 1972.

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21. In 1972, Richard Nixon signed Title IX, a civil rights law that prohibits gender bias at colleges and universities receiving Federal aid.

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22. In 1971, Richard Nixon declared war on cancer, launching a $100-million campaign to help fund and find a cure for cancer.

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23. Richard Nixon abolished voter discriminatory tests by extending the Voting Rights Act in 1970.

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24. Richard Nixon welcomed home the Apollo XI astronauts after their historic 1969 Moon landing.

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25. In 1969, Richard Nixon worked to increase awareness for minority hiring by establishing the "Philadelphia Plan" and additional affirmative action programs.

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26. Richard Nixon created the Office of Minority Business Enterprise in 1969 to increase business opportunities for minorities in the United States.

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27. In 1968, Richard Nixon earned the nomination for President and beat VP Hubert Humphrey to win the election.

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28. Richard Nixon was elected to Congress in 1946 and re-elected in 1948.

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29. Richard Nixon graduated 2nd in his class at Whittier College and 3rd in his class at Duke University School of Law.

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30. In 1978, Richard Nixon published RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon, an intensely personal examination of his life, public career and White House years; the book became a best-seller.

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31. Richard Nixon was pardoned by President Ford on September 8, 1974.

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32. Richard Nixon proposed a controversial strategy of withdrawing American troops from South Vietnam while carrying out Air Force bombings and army special-ops operations against enemy positions in Laos and Cambodia, both of which were officially neutral at the time.

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33. Richard Nixon faced the decision of either escalating the war further to secure South Vietnam from communism or withdrawing forces to end involvement in an increasingly unpopular war.

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34. Richard Nixon sensed an opportunity to shift the Cold War balance of power toward the West, and he sent secret messages to Chinese officials to open a dialogue.

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35. Richard Nixon reestablished American influence in the Middle East and pressured allies to take more responsibility for their own defense.

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36. Richard Nixon often adopted a stance of confrontation rather than of conciliation and compromise.

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37. Richard Nixon launched his bid for the presidency in early 1960, facing little opposition in the Republican primaries.

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38. Richard Nixon would be up against five-term liberal Democratic Jerry Voorhis, but he took on the challenge head-on.

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39. Richard Nixon is poised to resign from the office of president.

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40. Richard Nixon fired a series of DOJ officials in order to get rid of special prosecutor Archibald Cox, in an event known historically as the "Saturday Night Massacre.

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41. Richard Nixon became the first US president to resign from office on 9 August 1974, amid the Watergate scandal, dwindling public approval, and the looming prospect of impeachment.

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42. Richard Nixon was never officially impeached or removed from office.

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43. Richard Nixon thought that was what had brought him to the edge of greatness.

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44. Richard Nixon was survived by his two daughters, Tricia and Julie, and four grandchildren.

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45. Richard Nixon was taken to New York Hospital–Cornell Medical Center in Manhattan, initially alert but unable to speak or to move his right arm or leg.

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46. Richard Nixon joined former Presidents Ford and Carter as representatives of the United States at the funeral of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.

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47. Richard Nixon wrote guest articles for many publications both during the campaign and after Reagan's victory.

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48. In 1978, Richard Nixon published his memoirs, RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon, the first of ten books he was to author in his retirement.

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49. Richard Nixon was shunned by American diplomats and by most ministers of the James Callaghan government.

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50. Richard Nixon was under subpoena for the trial of three of his former aides—Dean, Haldeman, and John Ehrlichman—and The Washington Post, disbelieving his illness, printed a cartoon showing Nixon with a cast on the "wrong foot".

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51. Richard Nixon dismissed the Democratic platform as cowardly and divisive.

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52. Richard Nixon nominated two Southern conservatives, Clement Haynsworth and G Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court, but neither was confirmed by the Senate.

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53. Richard Nixon called the conversation "the most historic phone call ever made from the White House".

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54. Richard Nixon pushed for African American civil rights and economic equity through a concept known as black capitalism.

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55. Richard Nixon endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment after it passed both houses of Congress in 1972 and went to the states for ratification.

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56. Richard Nixon relied on his domestic advisor John Ehrlichman, who favored protection of natural resources, to keep him "out of trouble on environmental issues.

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57. Richard Nixon broke new ground by discussing environmental policy in his State of the Union speech in 1970.

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58. Richard Nixon was persuaded by Kissinger that the Papers were more harmful than they appeared, and the President tried to prevent publication.

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59. Richard Nixon sought some arrangement which would permit American forces to withdraw, while leaving South Vietnam secure against attack.

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60. Richard Nixon stressed that the crime rate was too high, and attacked what he perceived as a surrender by the Democrats of the United States' nuclear superiority.

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61. Richard Nixon selected Maryland Governor Spiro Agnew as his running mate, a choice which Nixon believed would unite the party, appealing to both Northern moderates and Southerners disaffected with the Democrats.

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62. Richard Nixon campaigned on his experience, but Kennedy called for new blood and claimed the Eisenhower–Nixon administration had allowed the Soviet Union to overtake the US in ballistic missiles.

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63. Richard Nixon painted himself as a man of modest means and a patriot.

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64. Richard Nixon supported statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, voted in favor of civil rights for minorities, and supported federal disaster relief for India and Yugoslavia.

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65. Richard Nixon maintained friendly relations with his fellow anti-communist, the controversial Wisconsin senator, Joseph McCarthy, but was careful to keep some distance between himself and McCarthy's allegations.

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66. Richard Nixon resigned his commission on New Year's Day 1946.

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67. Richard Nixon described it in his memoirs as "a case of love at first sight"—for Nixon only, as Pat Ryan turned down the young lawyer several times before agreeing to date him.

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68. Richard Nixon began practicing in Whittier with the law firm Wingert and Bewley, working on commercial litigation for local petroleum companies and other corporate matters, as well as on wills.

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69. Richard Nixon responded by helping to found a new society, the Orthogonian Society.

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70. Richard Nixon was snubbed by the only one for men, the Franklins; many members of the Franklins were from prominent families, but Nixon was not.

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71. Richard Nixon was reelected in one of the largest electoral landslides in US history in 1972 when he defeated George McGovern.

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72. Richard Nixon imposed wage and price controls for ninety days, enforced desegregation of Southern schools, established the Environmental Protection Agency and began the War on Cancer.

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73. Richard Nixon waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F Kennedy, and lost a race for governor of California to Pat Brown in 1962.

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74. Richard Nixon was the running mate of Dwight D Eisenhower, the Republican Party presidential nominee in the 1952 election.

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75. President Richard Nixon resigned in August 1974, leading to Democrats' pickup of 49 seats that fall.

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76. President Richard Nixon had a speech prepared in case the Apollo 11 crew never returned—specifically, if Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin got stuck on the Moon.

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77. In 1969, President Richard Nixon proposed legislation for a modest basic income to apply to all citizens of the United States.

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78. Richard Nixon : containing the public messages, speeches, and statements of the President.

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79. Richard Nixon campaigns in Pennsylvania in July 1968 The "peace Democrats"—many of whom had supported Johnson's Vietnam policy until 1967 and early 1968—favored a halt.

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80. Throughout his career, Richard Nixon moved his party away from the control of isolationists, and as a Congressman he was a persuasive advocate of containing Soviet communism.

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81. Richard Nixon was buried beside his wife Pat on the grounds of the Nixon Library.

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82. Richard Nixon suffered a severe stroke on April 18, 1994, while preparing to eat dinner in his Park Ridge, New Jersey home.

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83. Former President Richard Nixon was distraught throughout the interment and delivered a tribute to her inside the library building.

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84. In 1986, Richard Nixon addressed a convention of newspaper publishers, impressing his audience with his tour d'horizon of the world.

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85. Throughout the 1980s, Richard Nixon maintained an ambitious schedule of speaking engagements and writing, traveled, and met with many foreign leaders, especially those of Third World countries.

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86. Richard Nixon supported Ronald Reagan for president in 1980, making television appearances portraying himself as, in biographer Stephen Ambrose's words, "the senior statesman above the fray".

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87. Richard Nixon had a private meeting with Deng and visited Beijing again in mid-1979.

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88. Richard Nixon visited the White House in 1979, invited by Carter for the state dinner for Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping.

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89. In 1976, Richard Nixon was disbarred by the New York State Bar Association for obstruction of justice in the Watergate affair.

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90. Richard Nixon remained neutral in the close 1976 primary battle between Ford and Reagan.

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91. Richard Nixon had wanted to return to China, but chose to wait until after Ford's own visit in 1975.

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92. In February 1976, Richard Nixon visited China at the personal invitation of Mao.

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93. Richard Nixon admitted that he had "let down the country" and that "I brought myself down.

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94. In December 1974, Richard Nixon began planning his comeback despite the considerable ill-will against him in the country.

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95. Richard Nixon went on to review the accomplishments of his presidency, especially in foreign policy.

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96. Richard Nixon stated that he was resigning for the good of the country and asked the nation to support the new president, Gerald Ford.

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97. In November, Richard Nixon's lawyers revealed that a tape of conversations held in the White House on June 20, 1972 had an 18½-minute gap.

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98. Richard Nixon was ahead in most polls for the entire election cycle, and was reelected on November 7, 1972 in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history.

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99. Richard Nixon entered his name on the New Hampshire primary ballot on January 5, 1972, effectively announcing his candidacy for reelection.

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100. Richard Nixon believed his rise to power had peaked at a moment of political realignment.

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101. On March 7, 1970, Richard Nixon announced the end of the Kennedy-Johnson era's massive efforts in the space race, stating "We must think of [space activities] as part of a continuing process [.

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