45 Facts About Anwar Sadat

1. On October 6th 1981, Anwar Sadat was assassinated by Muslim fundamentalists.

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2. Anwar Sadat had a massive task undoing the poverty in Egypt that had existed there for many years.

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3. In 1977, Anwar Sadat announced to the Egyptian Parliament, that he was prepared to go anywhere to negotiate a peace settlement with the Israelis even to Israel itself—this was the so-called "Sadat Initiative".

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4. Anwar Sadat visited Israel in 1977 and made a speech in front of the Knesset about what he thought was the best way to bring about peace with them.

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5. Anwar Sadat was chosen as president because Nasser's supporters saw him as someone who they could control.

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6. Anwar Sadat held various high offices that led to his serving in the vice presidency.

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7. Anwar Sadat was shot during the attack and died of his wounds.

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8. Anwar Sadat granted the total of his award money to his hometown.

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9. Anwar Sadat met with US president Jimmy Carter in Washington and decided to approach Israel with a new offer of peace.

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10. Anwar Sadat urged Israel to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt and to grant Palestinians meaningful independence.

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11. Anwar Sadat visited both the Israeli and Arab sections of the city, and prayed at the al-Aqsa Mosque, one of Islam's holiest sites.

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12. Anwar Sadat began to define his presidency within days of taking office, by making changes to policies that Nasser had set up.

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13. Anwar Sadat gathered a large number of planes at various Egyptian airfields in preparation for this attack, but did not realize that Israel knew of the coming battle.

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14. Anwar Sadat gained a reputation as a calm, level-headed government official and a trusted advisor to President Nasser in the first years of the new government.

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15. Anwar Sadat gladly completed both his primary and secondary education, and then continued his education at the Royal Military Academy.

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16. Anwar Sadat dreamed of being a hero like Zahran, and possibly of securing Egypt's complete freedom from British rule.

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17. Anwar Sadat delighted in his village's variety of orchards and many festivals.

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18. Anwar Sadat was born on December 25, 1918, in the small Egyptian village of Mit Abul-Kum, located in the fertile Nile Delta.

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19. Anwar Sadat was one of the most controversial figures in Middle Eastern politics in the twentieth century.

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20. Anwar Sadat took part in the bloodless coup that deposed King Farouk.

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21. Anwar Sadat was assassinated on October 6, 1981, during the yearly 6 October 1973 victory parade by Muslim fundamentalists inside the army.

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22. Anwar Sadat attempted to co-opt radical Muslim groups, including the Muslim Brothers, whom Nasser had exiled.

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23. Anwar Sadat was brought to the hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

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24. Anwar Sadat was a world-renowned politician and leader of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

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25. Anwar Sadat shared the Peace Prize with Israel's Prime Minister Begin after having taken the initiative in negotiating a peace treaty between the two countries.

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26. Anwar Sadat had left a difficult legacy to his successor, Vice President Hosni Mubarak.

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27. Anwar Sadat planned his political liberalization with American audiences in mind.

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28. Anwar Sadat abandoned his Soviet option and risked all on Egyptian alignment with the United States.

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29. Anwar Sadat graduated from the academy in 1938 and was posted to Manqabad in Upper Egypt.

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30. Anwar Sadat lived with his grandmother while his father, a minor civil service clerk, was away in the Sudan with his Sudanese wife.

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31. Anwar Sadat was Egypt's president from 1970 until his assassination.

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32. Anwar Sadat went to Jerusalem and the US administration stood idly by.

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33. Anwar Sadat was portrayed by Robert Loggia in the 1982 television movie A Woman Called Golda, opposite Ingrid Bergman as Golda Meir.

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34. Anwar Sadat was buried in the unknown soldier memorial in Cairo, across the street from the stand where he was assassinated.

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35. On 6 October 1981, Anwar Sadat was assassinated during the annual victory parade held in Cairo to celebrate Egypt's crossing of the Suez Canal.

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36. In 1971, Anwar Sadat addressed the Iranian parliament in Tehran in fluent Persian, describing the 2,500-year-old historic connection between the two lands.

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37. On 15 May 1971, Anwar Sadat announced his Corrective Revolution, purging the government, political and security establishments of the most ardent Nasserists.

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38. Anwar Sadat was reappointed as vice president again in December 1969.

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39. Anwar Sadat was the President of the National Assembly and then vice president and member of the presidential council in 1964.

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40. Anwar Sadat was appointed editor of the newly founded daily Al Gomhuria.

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41. Anwar Sadat was assigned to announce the news of the revolution to the Egyptian people over the radio networks.

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42. Anwar Sadat entered the army as a second lieutenant and was posted to Sudan.

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43. Anwar Sadat graduated from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1938 and was appointed to the Signal Corps.

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44. Anwar Sadat was born on 25 December 1918 in Mit Abu El Kom, Monufia, Egypt to a poor Nubian family, one of 13 brothers and sisters.

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45. Anwar Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

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