84 Facts About Deng Xiaoping

1. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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2. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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3. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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4. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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5. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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6. In 1986, Deng Xiaoping promoted the "open door" policy to encourage foreign investment.

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7. Deng Xiaoping was the godfather, but on a day-to-day basis Zhao was the actual architect of the reforms, MacFarquhar said.

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8. Deng Xiaoping thought that the party's aura of legitimacy must be preserved at all costs because only the party could save China.

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9. Deng Xiaoping needed great political skill and patience to get his reforms past hard liners in the Chinese Politburo.

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10. Deng Xiaoping eschewed the most conspicuous leadership posts in the party and government.

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11. Deng Xiaoping took a leading role in the Hundred Regiments Offensive which boosted his standing among his comrades.

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12. In 1992, fourteen years after Deng Xiaoping had risen up as China's de facto leader, he embarked on the "nan xun" or "Inspection visit to the South".

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13. Deng Xiaoping died in February, 1997 at the age of 92, of Parkinson's disease, respiratory illness and old age.

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14. Deng Xiaoping was 88 when he showed up in Shenzhen in 1992 for the Southern Tour.

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15. Deng Xiaoping formally retired from politics in 1987, resigning all his leadership positions in the Communist party and the military.

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16. Deng Xiaoping was restored to his official posts in July 1977.

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17. In 1973, Deng Xiaoping was called back to Beijing to help extract China from the chaos of the Cultural Revolution.

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18. In 1966, during the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping was labeled as the "No 2 Capitalist Roader" and swas tripped of his position as Party General Secretary.

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19. Deng Xiaoping refused to carry out many of Mao's ridiculous agricultural reforms, a move that saved thousands of lives but embarrassed Mao.

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20. Deng Xiaoping was in Moscow in 1956, when Nikita Khrushchev stunned Communist leaders at the Party Congress by denouncing Stalin's personality cult.

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21. Deng Xiaoping locked horns with Mikhail Suslov, the Soviets' chief ideologue, and with party leader Nikita Khrushchev, too.

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22. Deng Xiaoping was inspired by Mao's doctrine of peasant revolution which made him unpopular with the pro-Moscow factions within the party.

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23. In 1997, months after Deng Xiaoping died, Zhuo and daughter Deng Nan attended festivities in Hong Kong marking the return of the British colony to Chinese rule, as a tribute to Deng's role in winning back the territory.

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24. Deng Xiaoping criticized the commander for making a decision based on emotion.

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25. Deng Xiaoping spent five years in France at a time when Europe was stuck in a post-World-War-I recession.

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26. In 1920, at the age of 16, Deng Xiaoping left his rural village for Shanghai, where he won a work-study scholarship for a program in Paris.

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27. Deng Xiaoping left the Sichuan countryside for France when he was 16.

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28. Deng Xiaoping was born as Deng Xiansheng in Baifang village in Guangan, a poverty-stricken area of Sichuan on August 22, 1904.

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29. Deng Xiaoping was a "crafty, obsessive" bridge player and, like Mao, he occasionally went swimming surrounded by a dozen bodyguards.

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30. Deng Xiaoping tightened controls over the Chinese people by restricting the freedom of expression, particularly in public gatherings.

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31. Deng Xiaoping blamed Zhao Ziyang for the demonstrations and replaced him with the more conservative Jiang Zemin.

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32. Deng Xiaoping took steps to increase trade and cultural relations with the West and to open PRC businesses to foreign investment.

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33. Deng Xiaoping shifted the emphasis to production of consumer goods, transportation, and energy production.

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34. Deng Xiaoping chose to hold the top position in the Central Military Commission, through which he maintained control of the armed forces.

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35. Deng Xiaoping would this time rise to prominence as the PRC leader.

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36. Deng Xiaoping traveled to the Soviet Union again in 1963, hoping to improve the PRC's relations with the Soviets, but the trip only reinforced the split between the two communist countries.

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37. In 1955, Deng Xiaoping was appointed to the Politburo, the important policy-making body of the Communist Party.

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38. In 1925, Deng Xiaoping went to Moscow, where he studied at the Oriental University for two years before returning to China.

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39. Deng Xiaoping was born in August 1904 to a wealthy landowner, Deng Xixian, in the Szechwan Province of China.

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40. In 1979, Deng Xiaoping obtained the nation's official recognition from the United States.

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41. Deng Xiaoping visited the Soviet Union several times in the 1950s and the 1960s, as he was closely involved in Chinese-Soviet relations and their dispute over the international communist movement.

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42. Deng Xiaoping became the most powerful leader in the People's Republic of China in the 1970s.

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43. In 1979, Deng Xiaoping obtained his nation's official recognition from the United States.

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44. Deng Xiaoping had a new way of thinking related to the socialist movement.

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45. Deng Xiaoping had a job to consolidate the communist control in Tibet and southwestern areas after People's of Republic China were founded in 1949.

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46. In 1923, Deng Xiaoping decided to become a member of Communist Party of China.

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47. Deng Xiaoping was born on August 22nd, 1904 and died on February 19th, 1997.

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48. On February 19, 1997, Deng Xiaoping died in Beijing at age 92.

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49. Deng Xiaoping was reinstated and carried out a major reorganization of the government.

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50. Deng Xiaoping restored China to domestic stability and economic growth after the disastrous excesses of the Cultural Revolution.

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51. Deng Xiaoping faced a critical test of his leadership in April–June 1989.

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52. In 1987 Deng Xiaoping stepped down from the CCP's Central Committee, thereby relinquishing his seat on the Political Bureau and its dominant Standing Committee.

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53. From that point on, Deng Xiaoping proceeded to carry out his own policies for the economic development of China.

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54. Deng Xiaoping was attacked during the Cultural Revolution by radical supporters of Mao.

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55. Deng Xiaoping acted as chief commissar of the communists' Second Field Army during the Chinese Civil War.

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56. In 2014, a TV series commemorating Deng Xiaoping entitled Deng Xiaoping at History's Crossroads was released by CCTV in anticipation of the 110th anniversary of his birth.

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57. The statue shows Deng Xiaoping, dressed casually, sitting on a chair and smiling.

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58. Deng Xiaoping died on 19 February 1997, aged 92 from a lung infection and Parkinson's disease.

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59. Deng Xiaoping was instrumental in the development of Shanghai's Pudong New Area, revitalizing the city as China's economic hub.

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60. Deng Xiaoping stressed the importance of economic reform in China, and criticized those who were against further reform and opening up.

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61. On his tour, Deng Xiaoping made various speeches and generated large local support for his reformist platform.

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62. Deng Xiaoping broke earlier conventions of holding offices for life.

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63. Deng Xiaoping was recognized officially as "the chief architect of China's economic reforms and China's socialist modernization".

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64. Deng Xiaoping privately told Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau that factions of the Communist Party could have grabbed army units and the country had risked a civil war.

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65. Deng Xiaoping attracted foreign companies to a series of Special Economic Zones, where foreign investment and market liberalization were encouraged.

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66. Deng Xiaoping continued the plans initiated by Hua Guofeng to restrict birth to only one child, limiting women to one child under pain of administrative penalty.

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67. Deng Xiaoping repudiated the Cultural Revolution and, in 1977, launched the "Beijing Spring", which allowed open criticism of the excesses and suffering that had occurred during the period.

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68. In contrast to previous leadership changes, Deng Xiaoping allowed Hua to retain membership in the Central Committee and quietly retire, helping to set the precedent that losing a high-level leadership struggle would not result in physical harm.

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69. Deng Xiaoping stayed at home for several months, awaiting his fate.

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70. Deng Xiaoping was purged nationally, but to a lesser scale than President Liu Shaoqi.

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71. In October 1969 Deng Xiaoping was sent to the Xinjian County Tractor Factory in rural Jiangxi province to work as a regular worker.

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72. Deng Xiaoping was labelled the second-in-command of the "capitalist-roaders" faction.

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73. In 1963, Deng Xiaoping traveled to Moscow to lead a meeting of the Chinese delegation with Stalin's successor, Nikita Khrushchev.

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74. In July 1952, Deng Xiaoping came to Beijing to assume the posts of Vice Premier and Deputy Chair of the Committee on Finance.

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75. Deng Xiaoping would spend three years in Chongqing, the city where he had studied in his teenage years before going to France.

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76. Deng Xiaoping became responsible for leading the annexation of southwest China, in his capacity as the first secretary of the Department of the Southwest.

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77. On 1 October 1949, Deng Xiaoping attended the proclamation of the People's Republic of China in Beijing.

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78. Deng Xiaoping participated in disseminating the ideas of Mao Zedong, which turned into the ideological foundation of the Communist Party.

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79. Deng Xiaoping stayed for most of the conflict with the Japanese in the war front in the area bordering the provinces of Shanxi, Henan and Hebei, then traveled several times to the city of Yan'an, where Mao had established the basis for Communist Party leadership.

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80. Deng Xiaoping participated in the historic emergency session on 7 August 1927 in which, by Soviet instruction, the Party dismissed its founder Chen Duxiu, and Qu Qiubai became the secretary general.

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81. Deng Xiaoping arrived in Xi'an, the stronghold of Feng Yuxiang, in March 1927.

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82. Deng Xiaoping was criticized for ordering the crackdown on the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, but praised for his reaffirmation of the reform program in his Southern Tour of 1992 and the reversion of Hong Kong to Chinese control in 1997.

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83. Deng Xiaoping joined the Communist Party of China in 1923.

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84. Deng Xiaoping was a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1989.

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