101 Facts About Mao Zedong

1. Mao Zedong launched the revolutionary "Great Leap Forward" to promote the agriculture and industrial production in 1958.

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2. At age 13, Mao Zedong finished primary education, and his father united him in an arranged marriage to the 17-year-old Luo Yixiu, thereby uniting their land-owning families.

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3. Mao Zedong helped establish the Soviet Republic of China in the mountainous area of Jiangxi and was elected chairman of the small republic.

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4. Mao Zedong met United States President Richard Nixon in 1972 to ease the relation between the two countries.

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5. Mao Zedong launched the revolutionary "Great Leap Forward" to promote the agriculture and industrial production in 1958.

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6. Mao Zedong brought total 10 regions under the management of the communists in the Jiangxi region by 1934.

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7. Mao Zedong had great contributions in developing Soviet Republic of China in the mountain area of Jiangxi.

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8. Mao Zedong became a certified teacher after graduating from Republic of China in 1918.

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9. Mao Zedong made the offer at a meeting with US national security advisor Henry Kissinger.

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10. Mao Zedong was recently honored at the Olympic Games that were hosted in Beijing in 2008.

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11. Mao Zedong was born in the year of the snake, 1893.

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12. Mao Zedong was born in 1893 in the village of Shaoshan, in the Hunan Province.

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13. Mao Zedong is one of the most famous political leaders in Asia and is well known for many different reasons.

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14. From that time, Mao Zedong regarded any criticism of his policies as nothing less than a crime of lese-majeste, meriting exemplary punishment.

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15. Mao Zedong could not claim the firsthand knowledge possessed by many other leading members of the CCP of how communism worked within the Soviet Union nor the ability to read Karl Marx or Vladimir Ilich Lenin in the original, which some of them enjoyed.

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16. Mao Zedong eventually graduated from the First Provincial Normal School in Changsha in 1918.

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17. Mao Zedong was born in the village of Shaoshan in Hunan province, the son of a former peasant who had become affluent as a farmer and grain dealer.

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18. Mao Zedong has a complex legacy, neither wholly good nor wholly bad.

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19. Mao Zedong was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad.

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20. Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from 1949 to 1959, the first chairman of the People's Republic of China.

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21. Mao Zedong understood that China would need support from the Soviet Union and that China could benefit from the lessons already learned by the Russians.

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22. In 1957, Mao Zedong called those people who spoke out enemies or rightists.

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23. In 1953, with the Korean War over, Mao Zedong turned his attention back to reforms at home.

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24. Mao Zedong faced the rebuilding of China to the status of a world power, to which he felt it was entitled.

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25. Mao Zedong spent most of this period working among peasants in the countryside.

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26. In 1910, Mao Zedong was sent to a modern school in a nearby town.

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27. Mao Zedong advocated swimming as a way of strengthening the bodies of Chinese citizens.

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28. In 1939, Mao Zedong had married actress Jiang Qing.

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29. Mao Zedong initiated the movement in order to prevent further development of a Soviet-style communism.

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30. Mao Zedong considered himself to be the true interpreter of the principles of communism.

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31. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong was proclaimed president of the newly established People's Republic of China.

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32. Mao Zedong escaped the 1927 uprising and established a base in the southern province of Kiangsi.

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33. At the age of eighteen, Mao Zedong joined the revolutionary army as a common soldier.

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34. Mao Zedong was the son of a peasant who had become a wealthy farmer in Hunan Province.

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35. Mao Zedong was an ardent opponent of international capitalism but turned to the United States when looking for allies against a possible Soviet attack.

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36. Mao Zedong was chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from October 1949 until 1976.

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37. Mao Zedong stressed the central role of peasants in rural class struggles.

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38. Mao Zedong was one of the founders of the CCP, formed in July 1921.

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39. Mao Zedong was the most influential leader and theorist of the Chinese Communist Party and of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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40. Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China, and died on September 9, 1976.

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41. In 1969 Mao Zedong reasserted his party leadership by serving as chairman of the Ninth Communist Party Congress, and in 1970 he was named supreme commander of the nation and army.

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42. Mao Zedong was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third World revolutionaries.

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43. Mao Zedong was undoubtedly the key figure in China in the twentieth century and one of the century's most important movers and reformers.

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44. Mao Zedong launched the Socialist Upsurge in the Countryside of 1955 and the Great Leap Forward in 1958.

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45. Mao Zedong was such the person, and soon his popularity began to grow.

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46. Mao Zedong proposed that the poor peasants fill the role of revolutionary vanguard.

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47. Mao Zedong was born in Shaoshan, Hunan, China, on December 26, 1893.

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48. Mao Zedong was undoubtedly the key figure in China in the 20th century and one of the century's most important movers and reformers.

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49. On that occasion Mao Zedong was elected, thanks mainly to his support from the military, to the chairmanship of the Politburo.

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50. Mao Zedong is buried in a grand mausoleum in Tiananmen Square in Beijing and he enjoys considerable popular approbation despite his rather clouded historical record.

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51. Mao Zedong was elected chairman of the new Jiangxi Soviet in this isolated base area, but soon lost power to the Returned Student group (a reference to their study in Moscow), which took over party leadership and pushed him aside.

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52. Mao Zedong is often compared to Qin Shihuangdi, the First Emperor of Qin, a brilliant but ruthless leader who created the first unified Chinese empire in 221 bce.

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53. Mao Zedong is undisputedly the preeminent figure in modern Chinese history, and a commanding presence in the history of the twentieth century.

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54. Mao Zedong lost most of his powers due to bad decisions and dirty politics.

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55. Mao Zedong is a principal character in American composer John Adams' opera Nixon in China.

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56. Mao Zedong was a skilled Chinese calligrapher with a highly personal style.

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57. Mao Zedong wrote several other philosophical treatises, both before and after he assumed power.

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58. Mao Zedong is the attributed author of Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung, known in the West as the "Little Red Book" and in Cultural Revolution China as the "Red Treasure Book": first published in January 1964, this is a collection of short extracts from his many speeches and articles, edited by Lin Biao and ordered topically.

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59. Mao Zedong was a prolific writer of political and philosophical literature.

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60. Mao Zedong became Mao Zedong's liaison with the Politburo in 1975.

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61. Mao Zedong had four wives who gave birth to a total of 10 children.

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62. Mao Zedong has a presence in China and around the world in popular culture, where his face adorns everything from T-shirts to coffee cups.

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63. Mao Zedong gave contradicting statements on the subject of personality cults.

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64. Mao Zedong gave the impression that he might even welcome a nuclear war.

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65. Mao Zedong notes that "In a chilling precursor of Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, villagers in Qingshui and Gansu called these projects the 'killing fields'.

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66. Mao Zedong is credited for having improved the status of women in China and for improving literacy and education.

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67. Mao Zedong remains a controversial figure and there is little agreement over his legacy both in China and abroad.

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68. Mao Zedong suffered two major heart attacks in 1976, one in March and another in July, before a third struck on September 5, rendering him an invalid.

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69. At this time, Mao Zedong lost trust in many of the top CPC figures.

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70. Whatever the cause of the disaster, Mao Zedong lost esteem among many of the top party cadres.

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71. In January 1958, Mao Zedong launched the second Five-Year Plan, known as the Great Leap Forward, a plan intended as an alternative model for economic growth to the Soviet model focusing on heavy industry that was advocated by others in the party.

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72. Mao Zedong took up residence in Zhongnanhai, a compound next to the Forbidden City in Beijing, and there he ordered the construction of an indoor swimming pool and other buildings.

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73. From his base in Yan'an, Mao Zedong authored several texts for his troops, including Philosophy of Revolution, which offered an introduction to the Marxist theory of knowledge; Protracted Warfare, which dealt with guerilla and mobile military tactics; and New Democracy, which laid forward ideas for China's future.

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74. Mao Zedong came to believe that the Red Army alone was unable to defeat the Japanese, and that a Communist-led "government of national defence" should be formed with the KMT and other "bourgeois nationalist" elements to achieve this goal.

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75. Mao Zedong now commanded 15,000 soldiers, boosted by the arrival of He Long's men from Hunan and the armies of Zhu De and Zhang Guotao returned from Tibet.

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76. From this point onward, Mao Zedong was the Communist Party's undisputed leader, even though he would not become party chairman until 1943.

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77. Mao Zedong believed that in focusing on the anti-imperialist struggle, the Communists would earn the trust of the Chinese people, who in turn would renounce the KMT.

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78. Mao Zedong orchestrated education programs and implemented measures to increase female political participation.

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79. In February 1930, Mao Zedong created the Southwest Jiangxi Provincial Soviet Government in the region under his control.

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80. Mao Zedong disagreed with the new leadership, believing they grasped little of the Chinese situation, and he soon emerged as their key rival.

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81. Mao Zedong replied that while he concurred with Li's theoretical position, he would not disband his army nor abandon his base.

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82. Mao Zedong ensured that no massacres took place in the region, and pursued a more lenient approach than that advocated by the Central Committee.

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83. Mao Zedong established a base in Jinggangshan City, an area of the Jinggang Mountains, where he united five villages as a self-governing state, and supported the confiscation of land from rich landlords, who were "re-educated" and sometimes executed.

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84. Mao Zedong was appointed commander-in-chief of the Red Army and led four regiments against Changsha in the Autumn Harvest Uprising, in the hope of sparking peasant uprisings across Hunan.

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85. In March 1927, Mao Zedong appeared at the Third Plenum of the KMT Central Executive Committee in Wuhan, which sought to strip General Chiang of his power by appointing Wang Jingwei leader.

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86. Mao Zedong enthusiastically agreed with this decision, arguing for an alliance across China's socio-economic classes.

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87. Mao Zedong joined the YMCA Mass Education Movement to fight illiteracy, though he edited the textbooks to include radical sentiments.

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88. Mao Zedong was involved in the movement for Hunan autonomy, in the hope that a Hunanese constitution would increase civil liberties and make his revolutionary activity easier.

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89. Mao Zedong set up a Changsha branch, establishing a branch of the Socialist Youth Corps.

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90. In late May, Mao Zedong co-founded the Hunanese Student Association with He Shuheng and Deng Zhongxia, organizing a student strike for June and in July 1919 began production of a weekly radical magazine, Xiang River Review.

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91. At the university, Mao Zedong was widely snubbed by other students due to his rural Hunanese accent and lowly position.

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92. Mao Zedong moved to Beijing, where his mentor Yang Changji had taken a job at Peking University.

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93. Mao Zedong graduated in June 1919, ranked third in the year.

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94. Mao Zedong organized the Association for Student Self-Government and led protests against school rules.

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95. Mao Zedong joined the Society for the Study of Wang Fuzhi, a revolutionary group founded by Changsha literati who wished to emulate the philosopher Wang Fuzhi.

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96. Mao Zedong published his first article in New Youth in April 1917, instructing readers to increase their physical strength to serve the revolution.

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97. Mao Zedong desired to become a teacher and enrolled at the Fourth Normal School of Changsha, which soon merged with the First Normal School of Changsha, widely seen as the best in Hunan.

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98. Mao Zedong was inspired by Friedrich Paulsen, whose liberal emphasis on individualism led Mao to believe that strong individuals were not bound by moral codes but should strive for the greater good, and that the "end justifies the means" conclusion of Consequentialism.

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99. At age 16, Mao Zedong moved to a higher primary school in nearby Dongshan, where he was bullied for his peasant background.

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100. Mao Zedong disapproved of their actions as morally wrong, but claimed sympathy for their situation.

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101. At age 13, Mao Zedong finished primary education, and his father united him in an arranged marriage to the 17-year-old Luo Yigu, thereby uniting their land-owning families.

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