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101 Facts About Joseph Stalin
3. Joseph Stalin expelled Trotsky from the Soviet Union in 1929 and had him assassinated in Mexico in 1940.
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8. Joseph Stalin was leader of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1953.
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11. Joseph Stalin was a well-known political personality of the Soviet Union and the key driving factor that brought changes in people's thoughts and revolutionizing developments in the country of Russia.
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13. In 1922, Joseph Stalin was appointed to the newly created office of general secretary of the Communist Party.
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17. Joseph Stalin regarded Vasily as spoiled and often chastised his behaviour; as Stalin's son, Vasily nevertheless was swiftly promoted through the ranks of the Red Army and allowed a lavish lifestyle.
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26. Joseph Stalin was further angered by Israel's growing alliance with the US After Stalin fell out with Israel, he launched an anti-Jewish campaign within the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc.
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27. Joseph Stalin gambled that the others would not risk war, but they airlifted supplies into West Berlin until May 1949, when Stalin relented and ended the blockade.
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31. Joseph Stalin ensured that returning Soviet prisoners of war went through "filtration" camps as they arrived in the Soviet Union, in which 2,775,700 were interrogated to determine if they were traitors.
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35. Joseph Stalin sought to maintain Soviet neutrality, hoping that a German war against France and Britain would lead to Soviet dominance in Europe.
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37. At its 6th Congress in July 1928, Joseph Stalin informed delegates that the main threat to socialism came not from the right but from non-Marxist socialists and social democrats, whom he called "social fascists"; Stalin recognised that in many countries, the social democrats were the Marxist-Leninists' main rivals for working-class support.
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38. Joseph Stalin expressed patronage for scientists whose research fitted within his preconceived interpretation of Marxism; he for instance endorsed the research of agrobiologist Trofim Lysenko despite the fact that it was rejected by the majority of Lysenko's scientific peers as pseudo-scientific.
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39. Joseph Stalin warned of a "danger from the right", including in the Communist Party itself.
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41. Joseph Stalin was supported in this by Bukharin, who like Stalin believed that the Left Opposition's proposals would plunge the Soviet Union into instability.
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45. Joseph Stalin opposed the idea of separate Georgian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani autonomous republics, arguing that these would likely oppress ethnic minorities within their respective territories; instead he called for a Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic.
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50. Joseph Stalin co-signed Lenin's decrees shutting down hostile newspapers, and with Sverdlov chaired the sessions of the committee drafting a constitution for the new Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
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52. In January 1913 Joseph Stalin travelled to Vienna, there focusing on the 'national question' of how the Bolsheviks should deal with the Russian Empire's national and ethnic minorities.
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53. Joseph Stalin escaped to Saint Petersburg, where he was arrested in September 1911, and sentenced to a further three-year exile in Vologda.
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55. Joseph Stalin called for the Georgian Marxist movement to split off from its Russian counterpart, resulting in several RSDLP members accusing him of holding views contrary to the ethos of Marxist internationalism and calling for his expulsion from the party; he soon recanted his opinions.
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60. Joseph Stalin read Capital, the 1867 book by German sociological theorist Karl Marx.
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64. Joseph Stalin edited the party's newspaper, Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets.
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68. In early 2010 a new monument to Joseph Stalin was erected in Zaporizhia, Ukraine; in December unknown persons cut off its head and in 2011 it was destroyed in an explosion.
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84. In 1948, Joseph Stalin edited and rewrote sections of Falsifiers of History, published as a series of Pravda articles in February 1948 and then in book form.
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85. Joseph Stalin tried to maximise Soviet influence on the world stage, unsuccessfully pushing for Libya—recently liberated from Italian occupation—to become a Soviet protectorate.
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86. Joseph Stalin allowed the Russian Orthodox Church to retain the churches it had opened during the war.
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88. Joseph Stalin pushed for reparations from Germany without regard to the base minimum supply for German citizens' survival, which worried Truman and Churchill who thought that Germany would become a financial burden for Western powers.
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91. Joseph Stalin was impatient for the UK and US to open up a Western Front to take the pressure off of the East; they eventually did so in mid-1944.
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93. Joseph Stalin initiated a military build-up, with the Red Army more than doubling between January 1939 and June 1941, although in its haste to expand many of its officers were poorly trained.
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95. Joseph Stalin orchestrated the arrest of many former opponents in the Communist Party as well as sitting members of the Central Committee: denounced as Western-backed mercenaries, many were imprisoned or exiled internally.
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