101 Facts About Joseph Stalin

1. Joseph Stalin participated in high-level Allied meetings, including those of the "Big Three" with Churchill and Roosevelt at Tehran, Yalta (1945), and Potsdam (1945).

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2. Joseph Stalin used the show trial of leading Communists as a means for expanding the new terror.

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3. Joseph Stalin expelled Trotsky from the Soviet Union in 1929 and had him assassinated in Mexico in 1940.

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4. Joseph Stalin was of Georgian—not Russian—origin, and persistent rumours claim that he was Ossetian on the paternal side.

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5. At the time of Joseph Stalin's passing, Professor Vorobyev, who had perfected the science while embalming Lenin, had already died.

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6. Joseph Stalin was a Sagittarius born on 1878, he was a tyrant, and he was a shorty.

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7. Joseph Stalin attacked Finland read the winter war Finland was a democracy.

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8. Joseph Stalin was leader of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1953.

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9. Joseph Stalin was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the previous century and existed the undisputed leader of the extremely powerful USSR for over thirty years.

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10. Joseph Stalin had a very active contribution throughout Russian revolutionary movements.

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11. Joseph Stalin was a well-known political personality of the Soviet Union and the key driving factor that brought changes in people's thoughts and revolutionizing developments in the country of Russia.

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12. In 1948, Joseph Stalin ordered an economic blockade on the German city of Berlin, in hopes of gaining full control of the city.

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13. In 1922, Joseph Stalin was appointed to the newly created office of general secretary of the Communist Party.

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14. Joseph Stalin chose not to return home, but stayed in Tiflis, devoting his time to the revolutionary movement.

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15. Joseph Stalin was born Josef Vissarionovich Djugashvili on December 18, 1878, or December 6, 1878, according to the Old Style Julian calendar, in the small town of Gori, Georgia, then part of the Russian empire.

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16. Joseph Stalin repeated these denunciations at the 22nd Party Congress in October 1962.

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17. Joseph Stalin regarded Vasily as spoiled and often chastised his behaviour; as Stalin's son, Vasily nevertheless was swiftly promoted through the ranks of the Red Army and allowed a lavish lifestyle.

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18. Joseph Stalin married his first wife, Ekaterina Svanidze, in 1906.

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19. Joseph Stalin was attracted to women and there are no reports of any homosexual tendencies; according to Montefiore, in his early life Stalin "rarely seems to have been without a girlfriend".

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20. Joseph Stalin gave nicknames to his favourites, for instance referring to Yezhov as "my blackberry".

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21. Joseph Stalin was a voracious reader, with a library of over 20,000 books.

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22. Joseph Stalin protected several Soviet writers, such as Mikhail Bulgakov, even when their work was labelled harmful to his regime.

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23. Joseph Stalin often dined with other Politburo members and their families.

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24. Joseph Stalin read about, and admired, two Tsars in particular: Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great.

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25. Joseph Stalin took increasingly long holidays; in 1950 and again in 1951 he spent almost five months vacationing at his Abkhazian dacha.

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26. Joseph Stalin was further angered by Israel's growing alliance with the US After Stalin fell out with Israel, he launched an anti-Jewish campaign within the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc.

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27. Joseph Stalin gambled that the others would not risk war, but they airlifted supplies into West Berlin until May 1949, when Stalin relented and ended the blockade.

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28. Joseph Stalin demanded that war reparations be paid by Germany and its Axis allies Hungary, Romania, and the Slovak Republic.

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29. Joseph Stalin sent Molotov as his representative to San Francisco to take part in negotiations to form the United Nations, insisting that the Soviets have a place on the Security Council.

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30. Joseph Stalin demoted Molotov, and increasingly favoured Beria and Malenkov for key positions.

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31. Joseph Stalin ensured that returning Soviet prisoners of war went through "filtration" camps as they arrived in the Soviet Union, in which 2,775,700 were interrogated to determine if they were traitors.

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32. Joseph Stalin was pressed by his allies to enter the war and wanted to cement the Soviet Union's strategic position in Asia.

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33. In November 1943, Joseph Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt in Tehran, a location of Stalin's choosing.

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34. Joseph Stalin permitted a wider range of cultural expression, notably permitting formerly suppressed writers and artists like Anna Akhmatova and Dmitri Shostakovich to disperse their work more widely.

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35. Joseph Stalin sought to maintain Soviet neutrality, hoping that a German war against France and Britain would lead to Soviet dominance in Europe.

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36. Joseph Stalin was particularly concerned at the success that right-wing forces had in overthrowing the leftist Spanish government, fearing a domestic fifth column in the event of future war with Japan and Germany.

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37. At its 6th Congress in July 1928, Joseph Stalin informed delegates that the main threat to socialism came not from the right but from non-Marxist socialists and social democrats, whom he called "social fascists"; Stalin recognised that in many countries, the social democrats were the Marxist-Leninists' main rivals for working-class support.

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38. Joseph Stalin expressed patronage for scientists whose research fitted within his preconceived interpretation of Marxism; he for instance endorsed the research of agrobiologist Trofim Lysenko despite the fact that it was rejected by the majority of Lysenko's scientific peers as pseudo-scientific.

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39. Joseph Stalin warned of a "danger from the right", including in the Communist Party itself.

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40. Joseph Stalin had called for the Communist Party of China, led by Mao Zedong, to ally itself with Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang nationalists, viewing a Communist-Kuomintang alliance as the best bulwark against Japanese imperial expansionism.

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41. Joseph Stalin was supported in this by Bukharin, who like Stalin believed that the Left Opposition's proposals would plunge the Soviet Union into instability.

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42. Joseph Stalin developed close relations with the trio at the heart of the secret police: Felix Dzerzhinsky, Genrikh Yagoda, and Vyacheslav Menzhinsky.

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43. Joseph Stalin believed this would encourage independence sentiment among non-Russians, instead arguing that ethnic minorities would be content as "autonomous republics" within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

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44. On this trip, Joseph Stalin met with his son Yakov, and brought him back to Moscow; Nadya had given birth to another of Stalin's sons, Vasily, in March 1921.

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45. Joseph Stalin opposed the idea of separate Georgian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani autonomous republics, arguing that these would likely oppress ethnic minorities within their respective territories; instead he called for a Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic.

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46. Joseph Stalin believed that the Red Army was ill-prepared to conduct an offensive war and that it would give White Armies a chance to resurface in Crimea, potentially reigniting the civil war.

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47. Joseph Stalin befriended two military figures, Kliment Voroshilov and Semyon Budyonny, who would form the nucleus of his military and political support base.

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48. Joseph Stalin thought it necessary because—unlike Lenin—he was unconvinced that Europe was on the verge of proletarian revolution.

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49. Joseph Stalin took Nadezhda Alliluyeva as his secretary, and at some point married her, although the wedding date is unknown.

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50. Joseph Stalin co-signed Lenin's decrees shutting down hostile newspapers, and with Sverdlov chaired the sessions of the committee drafting a constitution for the new Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

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51. Joseph Stalin was sentenced to four years exile in Turukhansk, a remote part of Siberia from which escape was particularly difficult.

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52. In January 1913 Joseph Stalin travelled to Vienna, there focusing on the 'national question' of how the Bolsheviks should deal with the Russian Empire's national and ethnic minorities.

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53. Joseph Stalin escaped to Saint Petersburg, where he was arrested in September 1911, and sentenced to a further three-year exile in Vologda.

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54. Joseph Stalin formed a Bolshevik Battle Squad which he used to try and keep Baku's warring ethnic factions apart; he used the unrest as a cover for stealing printing equipment.

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55. Joseph Stalin called for the Georgian Marxist movement to split off from its Russian counterpart, resulting in several RSDLP members accusing him of holding views contrary to the ethos of Marxist internationalism and calling for his expulsion from the party; he soon recanted his opinions.

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56. Joseph Stalin found employment at the Rothschild refinery storehouse, where he co-organised two workers' strikes.

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57. Joseph Stalin continued to evade arrest by using aliases and sleeping in different apartments.

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58. In October 1899, Joseph Stalin began work as a meteorologist at a Tiflis observatory.

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59. Joseph Stalin left the seminary in April 1899; he never returned, although the school encouraged him to come back.

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60. Joseph Stalin read Capital, the 1867 book by German sociological theorist Karl Marx.

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61. Joseph Stalin continued writing poetry; five of his poems were published under the pseudonym of "Soselo" in Ilia Chavchavadze's newspaper Iveria.

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62. Joseph Stalin enrolled at the school in August 1894, enabled by a scholarship that allowed him to study at a reduced rate.

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63. Joseph Stalin was the son of Besarion "Beso" Jughashvili and Ekaterine "Keke" Geladze, who had married in May 1872, and had lost two sons in infancy prior to Stalin's birth.

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64. Joseph Stalin edited the party's newspaper, Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets.

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65. Joseph Stalin was a very powerful and murderous dictator.

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66. Joseph Stalin once said, "It's not the people who vote that count.

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67. Joseph Stalin says he lost a chance to study in Chennai's Church Park School due to his name.

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68. In early 2010 a new monument to Joseph Stalin was erected in Zaporizhia, Ukraine; in December unknown persons cut off its head and in 2011 it was destroyed in an explosion.

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69. In the 2008 Name of Russia television show, Joseph Stalin was voted as the third most notable personality in Russian history.

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70. Joseph Stalin was a keen and accomplished billiards player, and collected watches.

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71. Joseph Stalin enjoyed watching films late at night at cinemas installed in the Kremlin and his dachas.

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72. Joseph Stalin was ruthless, temperamentally cruel, and had a propensity for violence high even among the Bolsheviks.

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73. Joseph Stalin had a complex mind, great self-control, and an excellent memory.

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74. Joseph Stalin had a soft voice, and when speaking Russian did so slowly, carefully choosing his phrasing.

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75. Joseph Stalin argued that the Jews possessed a "national character" but were not a "nation" and were thus unassimilable.

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76. Joseph Stalin respected Lenin, but not uncritically, and spoke out when he believed that Lenin was wrong.

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77. Joseph Stalin believed in the need to adapt Marxism to changing circumstances; in 1917, he declared that "there is dogmatic Marxism and there is creative Marxism.

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78. In October 1952, Joseph Stalin gave an hour and a half speech at the Central Committee plenum.

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79. In 1950, Joseph Stalin issued the article "Marxism and Problems of Linguistics", which reflected his interest in questions of Russian nationhood.

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80. Joseph Stalin wanted to avoid direct Soviet conflict with the US, convincing the Chinese to aid the North.

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81. Joseph Stalin ordered several assassination attempts on Tito's life and contemplated invading Yugoslavia.

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82. In March 1948, Joseph Stalin launched an anti-Tito campaign, accusing the Yugoslav communists of adventurism and deviating from Marxist–Leninist doctrine.

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83. Joseph Stalin had a particularly strained relationship with Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito due to the latter's continued calls for Balkan federation and for Soviet aid for the communist forces in the ongoing Greek Civil War.

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84. In 1948, Joseph Stalin edited and rewrote sections of Falsifiers of History, published as a series of Pravda articles in February 1948 and then in book form.

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85. Joseph Stalin tried to maximise Soviet influence on the world stage, unsuccessfully pushing for Libya—recently liberated from Italian occupation—to become a Soviet protectorate.

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86. Joseph Stalin allowed the Russian Orthodox Church to retain the churches it had opened during the war.

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87. In June 1945, Joseph Stalin adopted the title of Generalissimus, and stood atop Lenin's Mausoleum to watch a celebratory parade led by Zhukov through Red Square.

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88. Joseph Stalin pushed for reparations from Germany without regard to the base minimum supply for German citizens' survival, which worried Truman and Churchill who thought that Germany would become a financial burden for Western powers.

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89. At the conference, Joseph Stalin repeated previous promises to Churchill that he would refrain from a "Sovietization" of Eastern Europe.

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90. Joseph Stalin insisted that, after the war, the Soviet Union should incorporate the portions of Poland it occupied pursuant to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact with Germany, which Churchill opposed.

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91. Joseph Stalin was impatient for the UK and US to open up a Western Front to take the pressure off of the East; they eventually did so in mid-1944.

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92. Joseph Stalin issued Order No 227 in July 1942, which directed that those retreating would be placed in "penal battalions" used as cannon fodder on the front lines.

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93. Joseph Stalin initiated a military build-up, with the Red Army more than doubling between January 1939 and June 1941, although in its haste to expand many of its officers were poorly trained.

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94. Joseph Stalin initiated all key decisions during the Terror, personally directing many of its operations and taking an interest in their implementation.

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95. Joseph Stalin orchestrated the arrest of many former opponents in the Communist Party as well as sitting members of the Central Committee: denounced as Western-backed mercenaries, many were imprisoned or exiled internally.

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96. Joseph Stalin issued a decree establishing NKVD troikas which could mete out rulings without involving the courts.

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97. Joseph Stalin aided the Chinese as the KMT and the Communists had suspended their civil war and formed the desired United Front.

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98. Joseph Stalin took a strong personal involvement in the Spanish situation.

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99. Throughout the 1920s and beyond, Joseph Stalin placed a high priority on foreign policy.

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100. In 1928, Joseph Stalin declared that class war between the proletariat and their enemies would intensify as socialism developed.

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101. At this point, Joseph Stalin turned against the NEP, putting him on a course to the "left" even of Trotsky or Zinoviev.

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