17 Facts About Himalayas


Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

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The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia and Tibet.

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Himalayas soon became a pioneering expedition for mountaineers, including Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay who became the first men to climb Mount Everest in 1953.

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The Himalayas here are becoming increasingly rugged with heavily forested steep valleys.

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The Himalayas continue, turning slightly northeast, through the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, before reaching their easterly conclusion in the peak of Namche Barwa, situated in Tibet inside the great bend of the Yarlang Tsangpo river.

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Just across Lake Manasarovar from this lies the sacred Mount Kailash in the Kailash Ranges, which stands close to the source of the four main rivers of Himalayas and is revered in Hinduism, Buddhism, Sufism, Jainism, and Bonpo.

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In Uttarakhand, the Himalayas rise again as the Kumaon and Garhwal Himalayas with the high peaks of Nanda Devi and Kamet.

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Uttarakhand Himalayas are regionally divided into two, namely, Kumaon hills in Kumaon division and Garhwal hills in Garhwal division.

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The western end terminates at a magnificent point near Nanga Parbat where the Himalayas intersect with the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, in the disputed Pakistani-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan.

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Great ranges of central Asia, including the Himalayas, contain the third-largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic.

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The higher regions of the Himalayas are snowbound throughout the year, in spite of their proximity to the tropics, and they form the sources of several large perennial rivers.

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Physical factors determining the climate in any location in the Himalayas include latitude, altitude, and the relative motion of the Southwest monsoon.

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Northern side of the Himalayas, known as the Tibetan Himalaya, is dry, cold and, generally, windswept particularly in the west where it has a cold desert climate.

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Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau.

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The Himalayas are believed to play an important part in the formation of Central Asian deserts, such as the Taklamakan and Gobi.

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Unique floral and faunal wealth of the Himalayas is undergoing structural and compositional changes due to climate change.

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Several places in the Himalayas are of religious significance in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.

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