16 Facts About Assam


The rivalry between the Chutias and Ahoms for the supremacy of eastern Assam led to a series of conflicts between them from the early 16th century.

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Political rivalry between Prime Minister Purnananda Burhagohain and Badan Chandra Borphukan, the Ahom Viceroy of Western Assam, led to an invitation to the Burmese by the latter, in turn leading to three successive Burmese invasions of Assam.

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The war ended under the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, with the Company taking control of Western Assam and installing Purandar Singha as king of Upper Assam in 1833.

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The Sylhet District of Assam was given up to East Pakistan, which later became Bangladesh.

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Significant geographical aspect of Assam is that it contains three of six physiographic divisions of India – The Northern Himalayas, The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong).

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Geomorphic studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the life-line of Assam, is an antecedent river older than the Himalayas, which has entrenched itself since they started rising.

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Growth of population in Assam has increased since the middle decades of the 20th century.

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Many Hindus in Assam are followers of the Ekasarana Dharma sect of Hinduism, which gave rise to Namghar, designed to be simpler places of worship than traditional Hindu temples.

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Out of 32 districts of Assam, 9 are Muslim majority according to the 2011 census of India.

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The Barak Valley of Assam comprising the present districts of Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi is contiguous to Sylhet, where the Bengali Hindus, according to historian J B Bhattacharjee, had settled well before the colonial period, influencing the culture of Dimasa Kacaharis.

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The 1983 Illegal Migrants Act, applied only to Assam, decreed that any person who entered the Assam after Bangladesh declared independence from Pakistan in 1971 and without authorisation or travel documents is to be considered a foreigner, with the decision on foreigner status to be carried out by designated tribunals.

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Economy of Assam today represents a unique juxtaposition of backwardness amidst plenty.

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Floods in Assam greatly affect the farmers and the families dependent on agriculture because of large-scale damage of agricultural fields and crops by flood water.

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Sarbananda Sonowal, the chief minister of Assam took part in the Lachit Divas celebration at the statue of Lachit Borphukan at Brahmaputra riverfront on 24 November 2017.

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Two main characteristics of a traditional meal in Assam are khar and tenga (Preparations bearing a characteristically rich and tangy flavour).

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The English dailies of Assam include The Assam Tribune, The Sentinel, The Telegraph, The Times of India, The North East Times, Eastern Chronicle and The Hills Times.

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