17 Facts About Deccan Plateau


Deccan Plateau is defined as the entire southern peninsula of India south of the Narmada River.

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Geographers have variously defined the Deccan Plateau region using indices such as rainfall, vegetation, soil type, or physical features.

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Stewart N Gordon notes that historically, the term "Deccan" and the northern border of Deccan has varied from Tapti River in the north to Godavari River in the south, depending on the southern boundary of the northern empires.

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The eastern Deccan Plateau is at a lower elevation spanning the southeastern coast of India.

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Eastern Deccan plateau, called Telangana and Rayalaseema, is made of vast sheets of massive granite rock, which effectively traps rainwater.

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Deccan Plateau is drained by the Godavari River taking a southeasterly course; by the Krishna River, which divides the peneplain into two regions; and by the Pennai Aaru River flowing in a northerly direction.

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Large cities in the Deccan Plateau are Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka; Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana; Pune, the cultural hub of Maharashtra; Nagpur, the second capital of Maharashtra and Nashik, the wine capital of Maharashtra.

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Deccan Plateau's climate is drier than that on the coasts and is arid in places.

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Typically the Deccan Plateau is made up of basalt, an extrusive igneous rock, extending up to Bhor Ghat near Karjat.

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Since both rocks are found in the Deccan Plateau, it indicates two different environments of formation.

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Volcanic basalt beds of the Deccan Plateau were laid down in the massive Deccan Plateau Traps eruption, which occurred towards the end of the Cretaceous period between 67 and 66 million years ago.

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The volcanic hotspot that produced the Deccan Plateau traps is hypothesized to lie under the present day island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean.

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The city of Hyderabad is an important center of the Urdu language in the Deccan Plateau; its surrounding areas host a notable population of Urdu speakers.

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Deccan Plateau produced some of the most significant dynasties in Indian history, such as the Vijayanagara Empire, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Chola dynasty, the Thagadur dynasty, Adhiyamans Pallavas, the Tondaiman, Satavahana dynasty, Vakataka dynasty, Kadamba dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Yadava dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty, Western Chalukya Empire and Maratha Empire.

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Early history, the main facts established are the growth of the Mauryan empire and after that the Deccan Plateau was ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, which protected the Deccan Plateau against the Scythian invaders, the Western Satraps.

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In 1294, Alauddin Khalji, emperor of Delhi, invaded the Deccan Plateau, stormed Devagiri, and reduced the Yadava rajas of Maharashtra to the position of tributary princes, then proceeded southward to conquer the Orugallu, Carnatic.

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The southern Deccan Plateau came under the rule of the famous Vijayanagara Empire, which reached its zenith during the reign of Emperor Krishnadevaraya.

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