41 Facts About Hyderabad


Hyderabad served as the imperial capital of the Asaf Jahi's from 1769 to 1948.

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Hyderabad was annexed by the Indian Union in 1948 and continued as a capital of Hyderabad State from 1948 to 1956.

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In 2014, Andhra Pradesh was split to form the state of Telangana, and Hyderabad became the joint capital of the two states with a transitional arrangement scheduled to end in 2024.

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Until the Hyderabad was known for the pearl industry and was nicknamed the "City of Pearls", and was the only trading centre for Golconda diamonds in the world.

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Name Hyderabad means "Haydar's city" or "lion city", from haydar 'lion' and abad 'city', after Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib, known as Haydar because of his lion-like valour in battle.

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Hyderabad's converted to Islam and adopted the title Hyder Mahal.

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In 1769 Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the Asaf Jahi Nizams.

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Hyderabad state was split into three parts, which were merged with neighbouring states to form Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

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Hyderabad has a tropical wet and dry climate bordering on a hot semi-arid climate (Koppen BSh).

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The Hyderabad police is a division of the Telangana Police, under the state Home Ministry.

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Hyderabad is the seat of the Government of Telangana, Government of Andhra Pradesh and the President of India's winter retreat Rashtrapati Nilayam, as well as the Telangana High Court and various local government agencies.

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The government-owned India Post has five head post offices and many sub-post offices in Hyderabad, which are complemented by private courier services.

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Ground water around Hyderabad, which has a hardness of up to 1000 ppm, around three times higher than is desirable, is the main source of drinking water but the increasing population and consequent increase in demand has led to a decline in not only ground water but river and lake levels.

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Hyderabad has outpatient and inpatient facilities that use Unani, homoeopathic and Ayurvedic treatments.

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Hadhrami Arabs, African Arabs, Armenians, Abyssinians, Iranians, Pathans and Turkish people are present; these communities, of which the Hadhrami Arabs are the largest, declined after Hyderabad State became part of the Indian Union, as they lost the patronage of the Asaf Jahi Nizams.

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The Telugu dialect spoken in Hyderabad is called Telangana Mandalika, and the Urdu spoken is called Deccani.

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Hyderabad is twinned with neighbouring Secunderabad, to which it is connected by Hussain Sagar.

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The oldest surviving Qutb Shahi structure in Hyderabad is the ruins of the Golconda Fort built in the 16th century.

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Hyderabad is the largest contributor to the gross domestic product, tax and other revenues, of Telangana, and the sixth largest deposit centre and fourth largest credit centre nationwide, as ranked by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in June 2012.

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In 2013, the Bombay Stock Exchange facility in Hyderabad was forecast to provide operations and transactions services to BSE-Mumbai by the end of 2014.

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The growth of the financial services sector has helped Hyderabad evolve from a traditional manufacturing city to a cosmopolitan industrial service centre.

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Hyderabad is a global centre of information technology, for which it is known as Cyberabad.

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Hyderabad emerged as the foremost centre of culture in India with the decline of the Mughal Empire.

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Hyderabad has continued with these traditions in its annual Hyderabad Literary Festival, held since 2010, showcasing the city's literary and cultural creativity.

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Region is well known for its Golconda and Hyderabad painting styles which are branches of Deccan painting.

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The Hyderabad style originated in the 17th century under the Nizams.

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Hyderabad is listed by UNESCO as a creative city of gastronomy.

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Major Telugu dailies published in Hyderabad are Eenadu, Sakshi and Namasthe Telangana, while major English papers are The Times of India, The Hindu and Deccan Chronicle.

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The available channels in Hyderabad include All India Radio, Radio Mirchi, Radio City, Red FM, Big FM and Fever FM.

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Television broadcasting in Hyderabad began in 1974 with the launch of Doordarshan, the government of India's public service broadcaster, which transmits two free-to-air terrestrial television channels and one satellite channel.

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Public and private schools in Hyderabad are governed by the Central Board of Secondary Education and follow a "10+2+3" plan.

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Hyderabad is home to a number of centres specialising in particular fields such as biomedical sciences, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, such as the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research and National Institute of Nutrition (NIN).

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Hyderabad has five major medical schools—Osmania Medical College, Gandhi Medical College, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Deccan College of Medical Sciences and Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences—and many affiliated teaching hospitals.

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Hyderabad is the headquarters of the Indian Heart Association, a non-profit foundation for cardiovascular education.

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Institutes in Hyderabad include the National Institute of Rural Development, NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad, the Indian School of Business, the National Geophysical Research Institute, the Institute of Public Enterprise, the Administrative Staff College of India and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy.

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Hyderabad has schools of fashion design including Raffles Millennium International, NIFT Hyderabad and Wigan and Leigh College.

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The National Institute of Design, Hyderabad, will offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses from 2015.

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Hyderabad has hosted many international cricket matches, including matches in the 1987 and the 1996 ICC Cricket World Cups.

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Hyderabad is home to the Indian Premier League franchise Sunrisers Hyderabad—previously Deccan Chargers—is the champion of 2009 Indian Premier League and 2016 Indian Premier League.

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Hyderabad's Multi-Modal Transport System, is a three-line suburban rail service with 121 services carrying 180, 000 passengers daily.

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The Inner Ring Road, the Outer Ring Road, the Hyderabad Elevated Expressway, the longest flyover in India, and various interchanges, overpasses and underpasses were built to ease congestion.

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