33 Facts About Maharashtra


Maharashtra is the second-most populous state in India and the second-most populous country subdivision globally.

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Maharashtra is home to the Marathi people, the predominant ethno-linguistic group, who speak the Marathi language, the official language of the state.

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Maharashtra has been subject to President's rule three times since its formation for a total of 156 days for different reasons.

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Maharashtra is among the most developed Indian states and continues to be the single largest contributor to the national economy with a share of 14 per cent in all-India nominal GDP.

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The economy of Maharashtra is the largest in India, with a gross state domestic product of 35.

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Maharashtra is the fifteenth-highest ranking among Indian states in the human development index.

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Maharashtra was under the Maurya Empire in the fourth and third centuries BCE.

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Around 230 BCE, Maharashtra came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty who ruled it for the next 400 years.

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The Government of Maharashtra was unhappy with the border demarcation of 1957 and filed a petition to the Ministry of Home affairs of India.

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Maharashtra claimed 814 villages, and 3 urban settlements of Belagon, Karwar and Nippani, all part of then Bombay Presidency before freedom of the country.

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Maharashtra has been divided in to nine agro-climatic zones on the basis of annual rainfall soil types, vegetation and cropaing pattern.

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Maharashtra has many of the 99 Indian districts identified by the Indian Central water commission as prone to drought.

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Maharashtra is ranked second among the Indian states in terms of the recorded forest area.

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Maharashtra has a large Other Backward Class population constituting 41 per cent of the population.

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The density of Maharashtra was 365 inhabitants per km which was lower than the national average of 382 per km.

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Maharashtra is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha and the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council).

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Government of Maharashtra is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head and is appointed by the President of India for a five-year term.

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The Maharashtra Police is headed by an IPS officer of the rank of Director general of police.

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Economy of Maharashtra is driven by manufacturing, international trade, Mass Media, aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism.

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Maharashtra is the most industrialised state and has maintained the leading position in the industrial sector in India.

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Maharashtra has the largest proportion of taxpayers in India and its share markets transact almost 70 per cent of the country's stocks.

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Maharashtra contributes 25 per cent of the country's industrial output and is the most indebted state in the country.

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Maharashtra is the manufacturing hub for some of the largest public sector industries in India, including Hindustan Petroleum Corporation, Tata Petrodyne and Oil India Ltd.

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Maharashtra has an above-average knowledge industry in India with the Pune Metropolitan area being the leading IT hub in the state.

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Maharashtra was a pioneer in the development of Agricultural Cooperative Societies after independence.

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Maharashtra has a microfinance system, which refers to small-scale financial services extended to the poor in both rural and urban areas.

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None of the major rivers in Maharashtra are navigable and so river transport does not exist in the state.

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Maharashtra has 24 universities with a turnout of 160, 000 Graduates every year.

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Maharashtra is home to notable autonomous institutes as Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, College of Engineering Pune, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Institute of Chemical Technology, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Walchand College of Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT) and Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Sardar Patel College of Engineering (SPCE).

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In 2011, the health care system in Maharashtra consisted of 363 rural government hospitals, 23 district hospitals, 4 general hospitals (with 714 beds) mostly under the Maharashtra Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and 380 private medical establishments; these establishments provide the state with more than 30, 000 hospital beds.

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Maharashtra is a prominent location for the Indian entertainment industry, with enormous films, television series, books, and other media being set there.

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Television industry in Maharashtra has been contributing significantly in the state's economy.

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The mountainous districts of Western Maharashtra are dotted with the ruins of hundreds of mountain forts from the Deccan Sultanate and the Maratha empire eras respectively.

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