33 Facts About Marathi language


Marathi language has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali.

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The major dialects of Marathi language are Standard Marathi language, kokni, khandeshi and the Varhadi dialect.

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Several inscriptions dated to the second half of the 11th century feature Marathi language, which is usually appended to Sanskrit or Kannada in these inscriptions.

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These inscriptions suggest that Marathi was a standard written language by the 12th century.

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Marathi language was used in court life by the time of the Yadava kings.

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Oldest book in prose form in Marathi language, Vivekasindhu, was written by Mukundaraja, a Nath yogi and arch-poet of Marathi language.

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Notable examples of Marathi language prose are "", events and anecdotes from the miracle-filled the life of Chakradhar Swami of the Mahanubhava sect compiled by his close disciple, Mahimbhatta, in 1238.

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Marathi language is known for the Viveka-Siddhi and Parammruta which are metaphysical, pantheistic works connected with orthodox Vedantism.

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The Persian influence continues to this day with many Persian derived words used in everyday speech such as bag, karkhana (factory), shahar (city), bazar (market), dukan (shop), hushar (clever), kagad (paper), khurchi (chair), jamin (land), jahirat (advertisement), and hazar (thousand) Marathi became language of administration during the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.

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Marathi language gained prominence with the rise of the Maratha Empire beginning with the reign of Shivaji.

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Under him, the Marathi language used in administrative documents became less persianised.

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Marathi language advocated the unity of Marathas to propagate Hindu dharma.

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The first Marathi language newspaper called Durpan was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in 1832.

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Marathi language founded the popular Marathi periodical of that era called Kesari in 1881.

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In recent decades there has been a trend among Marathi language speaking parents of all social classes in major urban areas of sending their children to English medium schools.

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Marathi language is primarily spoken in Maharashtra and parts of neighbouring states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh (in the districts of Burhanpur, Betul, Chhindwara and Balaghat), Goa, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu (in Thanjavur) and Karnataka (in the districts of Belagavi, Karwar, Bagalkote, Vijayapura, Kalaburagi and Bidar), Telangana, union-territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

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Marathi language is spoken by Maharashtrian migrants to other parts of India and overseas.

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Standard Marathi language is based on dialects used by academics and the print media.

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Dialects bordering other major language areas have many properties in common with those languages, further differentiating them from standard spoken Marathi.

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These dialects retain the 17th-century basic form of Marathi and have been considerably influenced by the Dravidian languages after the migration.

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Some words in Marathi preserve the schwa, which has been omitted in other languages which use Devanagari.

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Except for Father Stephen's Krista Purana in the Latin script in the 1600s, Marathi has mainly been printed in Devanagari because William Carey, the pioneer of printing in Indian languages, was only able to print in Devanagari.

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Marathi language later tried printing in Modi but by that time, Balbodh Devanagari had been accepted for printing.

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Marathi language is usually written in the Balbodh version of Devanagari script, an abugida consisting of 36 consonant letters and 16 initial-vowel letters.

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The Devanagari alphabet used to write Marathi is slightly different from the Devanagari alphabets of Hindi and other languages: there are additional letters in the Marathi alphabet and Western punctuation is used.

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Devanagari used to write Marathi is slightly different than that of Hindi or other languages.

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Unlike most other Indo-Aryan languages, Marathi has kept three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.

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The primary word order of Marathi language is subject–object–verb Marathi language follows a split-ergative pattern of verb agreement and case marking: it is ergative in constructions with either perfective transitive verbs or with the obligative and it is nominative elsewhere.

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Marathi language uses many morphological processes to join words together, forming compounds.

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Many Marathi language websites, including Marathi language newspapers, have become popular especially with Maharashtrians outside India.

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HASOC2021 dataset was proposed for conducting a machine learning competition on hate, offensive, and profane content identification in Marathi language collocated with Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation.

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Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, an independence activist, noted Hindutva ideologue, writer, and poet, contributed to the Marathi language by coining new Marathi equivalents for words from other languages, mostly English.

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Marathi language opined that foreign words polluted the Marathi language and made original Marathi words with the same meanings obsolete.

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