Goa has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states, two and a half times as high as the GDP per capita of the country as a whole.
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Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year because of its white-sand beaches, active nightlife, places of worship, and World Heritage-listed architecture.
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Goa, situated within the Shimoga-Goa Greenstone Belt in the Western Ghats, yields evidence for Acheulean occupation.
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On 16 January 1967 a referendum was held in Goa, to decide the future of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu.
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On 30 May 1987, the union territory was split, and Goa was made India's twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory.
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Goa is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan, which is an escarpment rising up to the Western Ghats range of mountains, which separate it from the Deccan Plateau.
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Goa has more than 40 estuarine, eight marine, and about 90 riverine islands.
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Goa has more than 300 ancient water tanks built during the rule of the Kadamba dynasty and over 100 medicinal springs.
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Goa, being in the torrid zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year.
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North Goa is further divided into three subdivisions—Panaji, Mapusa, and Bicholim; and five talukas—Tiswadi (Panaji), Bardez (Mapusa), Pernem, Bicholim, and Sattari (Valpoi).
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South Goa is further divided into five subdivisions—Ponda, Mormugao-Vasco, Margao, Quepem, and Dharbandora; and seven talukas—Ponda, Mormugao, Salcete, Quepem, and Canacona (Chaudi), Sanguem, and Dharbandora.
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Politics of Goa are a result of the uniqueness of this region due to 450 years of Portuguese rule, in comparison to three centuries of British rule experienced by the rest of India.
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Goa has two members of parliament elected from each district representing the state in the Lok Sabha (House of the People), the lower house of the national Parliament of India.
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Goa has a unicameral legislature, the Goa Legislative Assembly, of 40 members, headed by a speaker.
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The Western Ghats, which form most of eastern Goa, have been internationally recognised as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world.
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Goa has many famous "National Parks", including the renowned Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary on the island of Chorao.
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Goa is India's richest state with the highest GDP per capita—two and a half times that of the country—with one of its fastest growth rates: 8.
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In winter, tourists from abroad come, and summer (which, in Goa, is the rainy season) sees tourists from across India.
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Goa is notable for its low-priced beer, wine, and spirits prices due to its very low excise duty on alcohol.
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In 1976 Goa became the first state in India to legalize some types of gambling.
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Goa is the second state in India to achieve a 100 percent automatic telephone system with a solid network of telephone exchanges.
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Goa is one of the few states in India to achieve 100 percent rural electrification.
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Population density of Goa is 394 per km which is higher than national average 382 per km.
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Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 62.
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Goa is the state with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes at 0.
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Goa stands 6th in the Top 10 Nightlife cities in the world in National Geographic Travel.
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Goa is often described as a fusion between Eastern and Western culture with Portuguese culture having a dominant position in the state be it in its architectural, cultural or social settings.
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The state of Goa is famous for its excellent beaches, churches, and temples.
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Goa has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica and churches and convents of Old Goa.
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In many parts of Goa, mansions constructed in the Indo-Portuguese style architecture still stand, though, in some villages, most of them are in a dilapidated condition.
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Goa has three important museums: the Goa State Museum, the Naval Aviation Museum and the National Institute of Oceanography.
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Museum of Goa is a privately owned contemporary art gallery in Pilerne Industrial Estate, near Calangute.
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Many famous Indian classical singers hail from Goa, including Mogubai Kurdikar, Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Jitendra Abhisheki and Pandit Prabhakar Karekar.
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Perni Jagor is the ancient mask dance – drama of Goa, performed by Perni families, using well crafted and painted wooden masks, depicting various animals, birds, super natural power, deities, demons, and social characters.
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Since 2004, starting from the 35th edition, the International Film Festival of India moved its permanent venue to Goa, it is annually held in the months of November and December.
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Goa is served by almost all television channels available in India.
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On 22 December 1959 the Associacao de Futebol de Goa was formed, which continues to administer the game in the state under the new name Goa Football Association.
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Goa has its own state football team and league, the Goa Professional League.
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Goa had India's earliest educational institutions built with European support.
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Some notable schools in Goa include Sharada Mandir School in Miramar, Loyola High School in Margao and The King's School in Sao Jose de Areal.
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The Indian Institute of Technology Goa began functioning from its temporary campus, located in Goa Engineering College since 2016.
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Goa International Airport, is a civil enclave at INS Hansa, a Naval airfield located at Dabolim near Vasco da Gama.
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However, public transport in Goa is less developed, and residents depend heavily on their own transportation, usually motorised two-wheelers and small family cars.
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River crossings in Goa are serviced by flat-bottomed ferry boats, operated by the river navigation department.
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Goa has two rail lines – one run by the South Western Railway and the other by the Konkan Railway.
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