59 Facts About Tamil Nadu


Tamil Nadu is the home of the Tamil people, whose Tamil language—one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world—is widely spoken in the state and serves as its official language.

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Economy of Tamil Nadu is the second-largest in India, with a gross state domestic product of 24.

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Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India, and one of the most industrialised states; the manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state's GDP.

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The ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site, Tamil Nadu Brahmi, is "very rudimentary" and date it somewhere between the 5th century BCE and 3rd century BCE.

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Early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil literary sources known as Sangam literature.

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Ancient Tamil Nadu contained three monarchical states, headed by kings called Vendhar and several tribal chieftaincies, headed by the chiefs called by the general denomination Vel or Velir.

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Tamil Nadu'storians have speculated these rulers were antagonistic towards the astika schools which were dominant in later centuries, which is why later texts always portray their rule in a bad light, if at all.

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Aditya I and his son Parantaka I expanded the kingdom to the northern parts of Tamil Nadu by defeating the last Pallava king, Aparajitavarman.

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Tamil Nadu defeated Mahipala, the king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

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The British and French were competing to expand the trade in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu which witnessed many battles like Battle of Wandiwash as part of the Seven Years' War.

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Tamil Nadu's was drawn to war after her husband Muthu Vaduganatha Thevar, King of Sivaganga was murdered at Kalayar Kovil temple by British.

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Tamil Nadu was captured by the British at the end of the war and hanged near Kayattar in 1799.

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Tamil Nadu provided a significant number of freedom fighters to the Independence struggle such as V O Chidambaram Pillai and Bharatiyar.

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Lakshmi Sahgal from Tamil Nadu was a prominent leader in the INA's Rani of Jhansi Regiment.

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Tamil Nadu has the country's third-longest coastline at about 906.

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Tamil Nadu's coastline bore the brunt of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami when it hit India, which caused 7, 793 direct deaths in the state.

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Tamil Nadu falls mostly in a region of low seismic hazard with the exception of the western border areas that lie in a low to moderate hazard zone; as per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards map, Tamil Nadu falls in Zones II and III.

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Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail.

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Tamil Nadu is divided into seven agro-climatic zones: northeast, northwest, west, southern, high rainfall, high altitude hilly, and Kaveri Delta.

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The gymnosperm diversity of the country is 64 species of which Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and about 60 introduced species.

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Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal.

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Tamil Nadu is home to five declared national parks located in Anamalai, Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Gulf of Mannar, Guindy located in the center of Chennai City and Vandalur located in South Chennai.

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Tamil Nadu had a bicameral legislature until 1986, when it was replaced with a unicameral legislature, like most other states in India.

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Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state of E-Governance initiatives in India.

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Tamil Nadu is one of the states where law and order have been maintained largely successfully.

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Tamil Nadu is divided into four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts, which are listed below.

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When India adopted national standards, Tamil Nadu language was the first to be recognised as a classical language of India.

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Tamil Nadu has 37 universities, 552 engineering colleges 449 polytechnic colleges and 566 arts and science colleges, 34, 335 elementary schools, 5, 167 high schools, 5, 054 higher secondary schools and 5, 000 hospitals.

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Tamil Nadu now has 69 per cent reservation in educational institutions for socially backward sections of society, the highest among all Indian states.

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The Midday Meal Scheme programme in Tamil Nadu was first initiated by Kamaraj, then it was expanded by M G Ramachandran in 1983.

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Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure.

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Tamil Nadu has six Nationalized Home Banks which originated in this state; Two government-sector banks Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank in Chennai, and four private-sector banks City Union Bank in Kumbakonam, Karur Vysya Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank in Karur, and Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited in Tuticorin.

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Tamil Nadu has historically been an agricultural state and is a leading producer of agricultural products in India.

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Tamil Nadu had the second largest number of poultry amongst all the states and accounted for 17.

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Tamil Nadu is one of the leading states in the textile sector and it houses the country's largest spinning industry accounting for almost 80 per cent of the total installed capacity in India.

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Tamil Nadu has seen major investments in the automobile industry over many decades manufacturing cars, railway coaches, battle-tanks, tractors, motorcycles, automobile spare parts and accessories, tyres and heavy vehicles.

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Tamil Nadu is one of the highly industrialised states in India.

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Tamil Nadu is the second largest software exporter by value in India.

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Tamil Nadu has a transportation system that connects all parts of the state, via highway roads, railway lines, airports, and seaports.

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Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway.

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The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project.

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Tamil Nadu has three international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirappalli International Airport.

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Tamil Nadu has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukkudi, as well as seven other minor ports including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam.

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Tamil Nadu has four mobile service providers namely BSNL, Airtel, Jio and Vi.

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Tamil Nadu has the third largest installed power generation capacity in the country.

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Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance which continue to flourish today.

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Tamil Nadu is a land most known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata Natyam.

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Tamil Nadu written literature has existed for over 2, 300 years.

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Notable example of Tamil Nadu poetry include the Tirukkural written by Tiruvalluvar.

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Tamil Nadu Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, is the first among the dictionaries published in any Indian language.

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Tamil Nadu's work highlighted Tamil folk lyricism and introduced broader Western musical sensibilities to the south Indian musical mainstream.

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Tamil Nadu was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras".

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Tamil Nadu is home to the Tamil film industry nicknamed as "Kollywood", which released the most films in India in 2013.

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Tamil Nadu cinema is one of the largest industries of film production in India.

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The government of Tamil Nadu distributed free televisions to families in 2006 at an estimated cost 3.

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The traditional sports of Tamil Nadu include Silambam, a Tamil martial arts played with a long bamboo staff, cockfight, Jallikattu, a bull taming sport famous on festival occasions, ox-wagon racing known as Rekkala, kite flying known as Pattam viduthal, Goli, the game with marbles, Aadu Puli, the "goat and tiger" game and Kabaddi known as Sadugudu.

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The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu owns Nungambakkam tennis stadium which hosts Chennai Open and Davis Cup play-off tournaments.

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Tamil Nadu has golf ground in Coimbatore, The Coimbatore Golf Club is an 18-hole golf course located in Chettipalayam in Coimbatore, located within the city limits in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.

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Tourism industry of Tamil Nadu is the largest in India, with an annual growth rate of 16 per cent.

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