71 Facts About Chennai


The state's largest city in area and population as well, Chennai is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, and is the most prominent cultural, economic and educational centre of South India.

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The Greater Chennai Corporation is the civic body responsible for the city; it is the oldest city corporation of India, established in 1688—the second oldest in the world after London.

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Traditional and de facto gateway of South India, Chennai is among the most-visited Indian cities by foreign tourists.

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An established port of trade of British India since the 1600s, Chennai has the fifth-largest urban economy, and had the third-largest expatriate population in India, at 35, 000 in 2009, 82, 790 in 2011 and estimated at over 100, 000 by 2016.

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Chennai is ranked as a beta-level city in the Global Cities Index, and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the 2014 annual Indian city survey.

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In 2015 Chennai was named the "hottest" city by the BBC, citing the mixture of both modern and traditional values.

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Chennai was named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet.

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In October 2017, Chennai was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network list for its rich musical tradition.

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Region around Chennai has served as an important administrative, military, and economic centre for many centuries.

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Chennai was successful in obtaining the lease of a strip of land about 10 kilometres long and 1.

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On 26 December 2004, an Indian Ocean tsunami lashed the shores of Chennai, killing 206 people in Chennai and permanently altering the coastline.

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The 2015 Chennai Floods submerged major portions of the city, killing 269 people and resulting in damages of 86.

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Chennai is located on the south–eastern coast of India in the north–eastern part of Tamil Nadu on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains.

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Chennai is classified as being in Seismic Zone III, indicating a moderate risk of damage from earthquakes.

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Chennai has three rivers and many lakes spread across the city.

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Chennai has a dry-summer tropical wet and dry climate under the.

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Chennai has a water table at 2 metres for 60 percent of the year.

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City of Chennai is located on the east coast of India, which is known as the Coromandel Coast.

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In 2015 Chennai received record-breaking rains since 1918, which caused massive floods.

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Chennai city is governed by the Greater Chennai Corporation, which was established in 1688.

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The Greater Chennai Police is a division of the Tamil Nadu Police, and the administrative control lies with the Tamil Nadu Home Ministry.

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Chennai is the birthplace of the idea of the Indian National Congress, commonly known as the Congress Party.

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Chennai is the birthplace of several regional political movements since the British era.

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However, Chennai is predicted to face a huge deficit of 713 mld in 2026 as the demand is projected at 2, 248 mld and supply estimated at only 1, 535 mld.

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Chennai is home to many museums, galleries, and other institutions, many of which are free of admission charges and are major tourist attractions as well as playing a research role.

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Chennai is a major centre for music, art and culture in India.

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The main folk music in Chennai is Gaana, a combination of various folk musics sung mainly sung in the working-class area of North Chennai.

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The Speciality of Chennai Sangamam is that the various programmes are held near or at the various famous landmarks in the city so that everyone in the city has access to the programmes and there is no fee charged for entry for any of the programmes.

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In 2012, a group of five Bharatha Natyam dancers from Chennai performed at the India Campaign during the 2012 Summer Olympics.

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Chennai has been featured in UNESCO Creative Cities Network list since October 2017 for its century-old musical tradition.

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Chennai is home to some choirs, who during the Christmas season stage various carol performances across the city in Tamil and English.

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Chennai is divided into four broad regions: North, Central, South, and West.

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Chennai has a broad industrial base in the automobile, computer, technology, hardware manufacturing and healthcare sectors.

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Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing, health care and financial services industries.

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Chennai is classified as a global city by GaWC, with a ranking of Beta based on the extent of global reach and financial influence.

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Chennai contributes more than 50 percent of India's leather exports.

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The Tidel Park in Chennai was billed as Asia's largest IT park when it was built.

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Chennai is home to the national level commercial banks Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank and many state level co–operative banks, finance and insurance companies.

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Telecom and Electronics manufacturers based in and around Chennai include Samsung, Nokia Siemens, Motorola, Lenovo, Dell, Force10, Wipro, Flextronics and Siemens among others.

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Chennai has a stock exchange called the Madras Stock Exchange.

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Chennai is the headquarters of the Indian Bank, the Indian Overseas Bank and the erstwhile Bharat Overseas Bank, which merged with the Indian Overseas Bank in 2007.

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Chennai is one of four Indian cities connected to the rest of the world by undersea fibre-optic cables, the other three being Mumbai, Kochi, and Tuticorin.

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Chennai was the first Indian city to deploy Wi-Fi internet access in a widespread manner.

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In 2010, Chennai had the fourth highest number of active Internet users in India, with 2.

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Chennai is known for its advanced medical facilities, including both government-run and private hospitals.

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Chennai was the most-visited Indian city by foreign tourists in 2009 and issued the third-highest number of visas on arrival in 2014.

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In 2011, Chennai was ranked the 41st most visited city, with 3, 174, 500 tourists, a 14-percent increase from 2010.

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Chennai's leading tourist countries-of-origin are Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, France and the United States.

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Chennai is the base for Tamil cinema, sometimes nicknamed as Kollywood, alluding to the neighbourhood of Kodambakkam where a number of film studios are located.

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Chennai is one of the few cities in the world to accommodate a national park, the Guindy National Park, within its limits.

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Chennai is home to several malls, due to its status as an IT hub.

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Chennai is an important gold market in India contributing to 45 percent of the 800-tonne annual national gold uptake.

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Chennai Metro is a rapid-transit system serving the city and was partially commenced on 29 June 2015.

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Chennai is connected to other parts of the state and the Union Territory of Puducherry by state highways.

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Chennai Port is the largest in the Bay of Bengal, with an annual cargo tonnage of 61.

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The Spectator, founded in 1836, was the first English newspaper in Chennai to be owned by an Indian and became the city's first daily newspaper in 1853.

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Major English dailies published in Chennai are The Hindu, The New Indian Express, The Deccan Chronicle and The Times of India and many more.

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Magazines published from Chennai include Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam, Kalki, Kungumam, Puthiya Thalaimurai, Thuglak, Frontline and Sportstar.

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Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television.

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Chennai is home to some of the best educational institutions in the country.

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Chennai has a mix of public and private schools, some of which receive financial support from the government.

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Education in Chennai starts with two years of Kindergarten from age three onward and then follows the Indian 10+2+3 plan, ten years of school, two years of higher secondary education, and three years of undergraduate education.

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Chennai has a plethora of libraries, including British Council Library, American Library, Connemara Public Library, and Anna Centenary Library.

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Chennai has two CSIR research institutions namely Central Leather Research Institute and Structural Engineering Research Centre.

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Chennai is home to a World Series Hockey team, the Chennai Cheetahs.

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Tennis sport is popularising among the city youths, Since 1997 Chennai has been host to the only ATP World Tour event held in India, the Chennai Open which has been shifted to Pune as Maharashtra Open from 2017.

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Chennai is home to Chennai Slam, two-time national champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League.

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Chennai was the host of the World Chess Championship 2013 match between Viswanathan Anand and Magnus Carlsen.

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In 2022, Chennai hosted the 44th Chess Olympiad, in which 1, 400 players from across 187 countries will participate.

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The American Consulate in Chennai is one of the top adjudication posts in the world and the number one in processing employment-based visas.

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Chennai has sister city relationships with the following cities of the world:.

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