59 Facts About Mumbai


Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 2.

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Seven islands that constitute Mumbai were earlier home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people.

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Mumbai is the financial, commercial, and the entertainment capital of India.

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Mumbai has the eighth-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, and Mumbai's billionaires had the highest average wealth of any city in the world in 2008.

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Name Mumbai derived from Mumba or Maha-Amba—the name of the patron goddess (kuladevata) Mumbadevi of the native Koli community—and a'i meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, which is the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra.

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Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Isle of Bombay, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's Island.

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Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the South Asian Stone Age.

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Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and has evolved into a global financial hub.

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From being an ancient fishing community and a colonial centre of trade, Mumbai has become South Asia's largest city and home of the world's most prolific film industry.

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Mumbai is on a narrow peninsula on the southwest of Salsette Island, which lies between the Arabian Sea to the west, Thane Creek to the east and Vasai Creek to the north.

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Navi Mumbai is east of Thane Creek and Thane is north of Vasai Creek.

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Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone owing to the presence of 23 fault lines in the vicinity.

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Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate under the Koppen climate classification.

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Mumbai is prone to monsoon floods, caused due to climate change that is affected by heavy rains and high tide in the sea, according to the World Bank, unplanned drainage system and informal settlement is a key factor of frequent floods in Mumbai.

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Mumbai is India's second largest city and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.

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Until the 1970s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since then diversified to include finance, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology.

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Mumbai has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions.

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The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India.

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Dharavi, in central Mumbai, has an increasingly large recycling industry, processing recyclable waste from other parts of the city; the district has an estimated 15, 000 single-room factories.

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Mumbai has been ranked sixth among top ten global cities on the billionaire count with 28, and it has 46, 000 millionaires.

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Mumbai is the third most expensive office market in the world, and was ranked among the fastest cities in the country for business startup in 2009.

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Two revenue districts of Mumbai come under the jurisdiction of a District Collector.

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Mumbai Police is headed by a police commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service officer.

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The Mumbai Police is a division of the Maharashtra Police, under the state Home Ministry.

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The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police.

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Mumbai is the seat of the Bombay High Court, which exercises jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

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Mumbai has two lower courts, the Small Causes Court for civil matters, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases.

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Mumbai has a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities court for people accused of conspiring and abetting acts of terrorism in the city.

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Mumbai had been a traditional stronghold and birthplace of the Indian National Congress, known as the Congress Party.

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Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas, and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport.

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Mumbai is the headquarters of two zones of the Indian Railways: the Central Railway headquartered at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), and the Western Railway (WR) headquartered at Churchgate.

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Mumbai is well connected to most parts of India by the Indian Railways.

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Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai.

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Mumbai is served by National Highway 48, National Highway 66, National Highway 160 and National Highway 61.

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Mumbai had about 721, 000 private vehicles as of March 2014, 56, 459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005, and 106, 000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013.

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Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities.

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Mumbai has the second largest number of Art Deco buildings in the world after Miami.

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Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble.

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Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanization problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: poverty and unemployment.

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Mumbai is home to the largest population of Parsi Zoroastrians in the world, numbering about 60, 000, however their population is declining rapidly.

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The oldest Muslim communities in Mumbai include the Dawoodi Bohras, Ismaili Khojas, and Konkani Muslims.

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Mumbai has a large polyglot population like all other metropolitan cities of India.

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Mumbai has a variety of street food, including the Vada pav.

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Mumbai's culture offers a blend of traditional and cosmopolitan festivals, food, entertainment, and night life.

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Mumbai is the birthplace of Indian cinema—Dadasaheb Phalke laid the foundations with silent movies followed by Marathi talkies—and the oldest film broadcast took place in the early 20th century.

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Mumbai has a large number of cinema halls that feature Bollywood, Marathi and Hollywood movies.

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Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan, which harbor's a garden.

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Marathi literature has been modernized in the works of Mumbai-based authors such as Mohan Apte, Anant Kanekar, and Gangadhar Gadgil, and is promoted through an annual Sahitya Akademi Award, a literary honor bestowed by India's National Academy of Letters.

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The major beaches in Mumbai are Girgaum Chowpatty, Juhu Beach, Dadar Chowpatty, Gorai Beach, Marve Beach, Versova Beach, Madh Beach, Aksa Beach, and Manori Beach.

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Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822.

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Mumbai has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius.

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Schools in Mumbai are either "municipal schools" or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government.

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Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology.

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Mumbai is home to National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS), S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and several other management schools.

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Mumbai is home to two prominent research institutions: the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).

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Mumbai is home to the Board of Control for Cricket in India and Indian Premier League (IPL).

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Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, the Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium.

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In 2004, the annual Mumbai Marathon was established as a part of "The Greatest Race on Earth".

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Mumbai had played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007.

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