21 Facts About Sahitya Akademi


Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India.

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Sahitya Akademi Library is one of the largest multi-lingual libraries in India, with a rich collection of books on literature and allied subjects.

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Sahitya Akademi was formally inaugurated on 12 March 1954 in New Delhi.

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Sahitya Akademi is a literary composition; Academy is an assembly of men who are interested in the subject.

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Key concern in the early days of the Sahitya Akademi was the establishment of its autonomy from the Central Government.

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Some of these suggestions were incorporated, and the Sahitya Akademi was constituted as a society under the Societies Registration Act of 1860, as it had not originally been incorporated by an Act of Parliament, but by an executive order.

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The Sahitya Akademi has never elected a female president although, Mahasweta Devi in 2003 and Pratibha Ray in 2018 unsuccessfully contested against Gopi Chand Narang and Chandrashekar Kambara respectively for the position.

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Sahitya Akademi was constituted by the Government of India by a resolution passed on 15 December 1952.

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The constitution of the Sahitya Akademi provides that it shall be run by three authorities — a General Council, an Executive Board, and a Finance Committee.

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General Council of the Sahitya Akademi operates for a term of five years, following which it is reconstituted.

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Sahitya Akademi publishes several regular publications, in addition to its bi-monthly literary journals, Indian Literature and Samkaleen Bhartiya Sahitya.

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Sahitya Akademi publishes bibliographies, compilations, and critical editions in addition to publishing individual works and anthologies of literature and translation in the 24 languages that it supports.

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The Sahitya Akademi has stated that the second series will cover literature published between 1954 and 2000.

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Sahitya Akademi maintains reference materials for Indian literature, including the National Register of Translators, the Who's Who of Indian Writers, and the Who's Who of Sanskrit literature.

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Sahitya Akademi holds over 100 programmes related to Indian literature every year across India.

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Sahitya Akademi periodically holds International Seminars, sometimes in collaboration with the Indian Council for Cultural Relations.

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Samvatsar Annual Lecture is organised by the Sahitya Akademi and is delivered during the Akademi's Annual Festival of Letters.

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Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honor in India which Sahitya Akademi annually confers on writers of the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages recognised by the Akademi.

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Committee urged Sahitya Akademi to adopt the recommendation of the Haksar Committee of having its head appointed by the president of India, a practice followed by Sangeet Natak and Lalit Kala Akademies, to avoid "the inevitable complications of the existing system of elections.

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Many controversial appointments of unqualified candidates to key positions at the Sahitya Akademi, done during Gopi Chand Narang's time, continue unchallenged to this day.

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Sahitya Akademi is highly criticized by writers such as Khushwant Singh for ignoring eminent writers and awarding below-par writers and sub-standard literary works.

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