39 Facts About Singapore

1. In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.

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2. Singapore gained self-governance in 1959 and in 1963 became part of the new federation of Malaysia, alongside Malaya, North Borneo, and Sarawak.

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3. Singapore is placed highly in key social indicators: education, healthcare, quality of life, personal safety, infrastructure, and housing, with a home-ownership rate of 88 percent.

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4. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government, and its legal system is based on common law.

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5. One of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the headquarters of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat, the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Secretariat, and is the host city of many international conferences and events.

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6. Singapore is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement, and the Commonwealth of Nations.

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7. English name of "Singapore" is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, Singapura, which was in turn derived from the Sanskrit word for "lion city".

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8. In 1826, Singapore became part of the Straits Settlements, then under the jurisdiction of British India.

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9. Singapore was not greatly affected by the First World War, as the conflict did not spread to Southeast Asia.

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10. British and Empire losses during the fighting for Singapore were heavy, with a total of nearly 85,000 personnel captured.

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11. British Military Administration ended on 1 April 1946, with Singapore becoming a separate Crown Colony.

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12. The 1954 National Service riots, Hock Lee bus riots, and Chinese middle schools riots in Singapore were all linked to these events.

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13. Singapore led a delegation to London, and Britain rejected his demand for complete self-rule.

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14. Singapore resigned and was replaced by Lim Yew Hock in 1956, and after further negotiations Britain agreed to grant Singapore full internal self-government for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.

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15. On 16 September 1963, Singapore joined with Malaya, the North Borneo, and Sarawak to form the new Federation of Malaysia under the terms of the Malaysia Agreement.

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16. The Port of Singapore became one of the world's busiest ports and the service and tourism industries grew immensely during this period.

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17. Singapore is a parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system.

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18. The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of the country, establishing the structure and responsibility of government.

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19. In 2022, Singapore was ranked 139th out of 180 nations by Reporters Without Borders on the global Press Freedom Index.

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20. Singapore's stated foreign policy priority is maintaining security in Southeast Asia and surrounding territories.

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21. Singapore maintains membership in other regional organisations, such as Asia–Europe Meeting, the Forum for East Asia-Latin American Cooperation, the Indian Ocean Rim Association, and the East Asia Summit.

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22. Singapore is the location of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat.

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23. Military courses were conducted according to the IDF's format, and Singapore adopted a system of conscription and reserve service based on the Israeli model.

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24. Singapore is part of the Five Power Defence Arrangements, a military alliance with Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.

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25. In 2010 Singapore imported almost 15 million tons of sand for its projects, the demand being such that Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam have all restricted or barred the export of sand to Singapore in recent years.

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26. Singapore is the first country in Southeast Asia to levy a carbon tax on its largest carbon-emitting corporations producing more than 25,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year, at $5 per ton.

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27. In 2009, Singapore was removed from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development "liste grise" of tax havens, and ranked fourth on the Tax Justice Network's 2015 Financial Secrecy Index of the world's off-shore financial service providers, banking one-eighth of the world's offshore capital, while "providing numerous tax avoidance and evasion opportunities".

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28. Singapore is the world's 3rd-largest foreign exchange centre, 6th-largest financial centre, 2nd-largest casino gambling market, 3rd-largest oil-refining and trading centre, largest oil-rig producer and hub for ship repair services, and largest logistics hub.

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29. Singapore was ranked 8th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, the same as in 2019 and 2020.

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30. Singapore is the 5th most visited city in the world, and 2nd in the Asia-Pacific.

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31. Taxis are a popular form of transport as the fares are relatively affordable when compared to many other developed countries, whilst cars in Singapore are the most expensive to own worldwide.

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32. Singapore is a major international transport hub in Asia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes.

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33. Singapore is expanding its recycling system and intends to spend $7.4 billion in water treatment infrastructure upgrades.

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34. Singapore is an education hub, with more than 80,000 international students in 2006.

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35. Singapore is ranked 1st on the Global Food Security Index.

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36. Singapore is known as the Lion City and many national symbols such as the coat of arms and the lion head symbol make use of a lion.

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37. Singapore is increasingly regarded as having four sub-literatures instead of one.

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38. Singapore hosted the inaugural 2010 Summer Youth Olympics, in which 3,600 athletes from 204 nations competed in 26 sports.

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39. Singapore began hosting a round of the Formula One World Championship, the Singapore Grand Prix at the Marina Bay Street Circuit in 2008.

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