24 Facts About United Kingdom


The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles.

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Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland; otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, the Celtic Sea and the Irish Sea.

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The total area of the United Kingdom is 242, 495 square kilometres, with an estimated 2020 population of more than 67 million people.

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The term "United Kingdom" has occasionally been used as a description for the former Kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was simply "Great Britain".

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Some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as "regions".

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Adjective "British" is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom and is used in law to refer to United Kingdom citizenship and matters to do with nationality.

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Settlement by anatomically modern humans of what was to become the United Kingdom occurred in waves beginning by about 30, 000 years ago.

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Term "United Kingdom" became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

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The Constitution of the United Kingdom is uncodified and consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law and international treaties, together with constitutional conventions.

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England, the largest country of the United Kingdom, has no devolved executive or legislature and is administered and legislated for directly by the UK's government and parliament on all issues.

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The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Scots law.

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The armed forces of the United Kingdom are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence.

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The United Kingdom led the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century, and has continued to produce scientists and engineers credited with important advances.

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The United Kingdom was ranked fourth in the Global Innovation Index 2020 and 2021, up from fifth in 2019.

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The Great Famine in Ireland, then part of the United Kingdom, resulted in perhaps a million people migrating to Great Britain.

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Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, with each country having a separate education system.

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Culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors including: the nation's island status; its history as a western liberal democracy and a major power; as well as being a political union of four countries with each preserving elements of distinctive traditions, customs and symbolism.

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The substantial cultural influence of the United Kingdom has led it to be described as a "cultural superpower".

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Irish writers, living at a time when all of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom, include Oscar Wilde, Bram Stoker and George Bernard Shaw.

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The modern UK is known to produce some of the most prominent English-speaking rappers along with the United Kingdom States, including Stormzy, Kano, Yxng Bane, Ramz and Skepta.

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Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in the United Kingdom, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises.

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Newspapers produced in the United Kingdom include The Times, The Guardian, The Observer, The Economist, and the Financial Times.

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Magazines and journals published in the United Kingdom that have achieved worldwide circulation include Nature, New Scientist, The Spectator, Prospect, NME, Radio Times, and The Economist.

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The national anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the King", with "King" replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is a woman.

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