18 Facts About The United Kingdom


The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles.

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Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland; otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, the Celtic Sea and the Irish Sea.

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Some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as "regions".

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The Constitution of the United Kingdom is uncodified and consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law and international treaties, together with constitutional conventions.

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England, the largest country of the United Kingdom, has no devolved executive or legislature and is administered and legislated for directly by the UK's government and parliament on all issues.

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The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Scots law.

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The armed forces of the United Kingdom are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence.

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The United Kingdom led the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century, and has continued to produce scientists and engineers credited with important advances.

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The United Kingdom was ranked fourth in the Global Innovation Index 2020 and 2021, up from fifth in 2019.

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The Great Famine in Ireland, then part of the United Kingdom, resulted in perhaps a million people migrating to Great Britain.

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Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, with each country having a separate education system.

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Culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors including: the nation's island status; its history as a western liberal democracy and a major power; as well as being a political union of four countries with each preserving elements of distinctive traditions, customs and symbolism.

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The substantial cultural influence of the United Kingdom has led it to be described as a "cultural superpower".

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Irish writers, living at a time when all of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom, include Oscar Wilde, Bram Stoker and George Bernard Shaw.

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The United Kingdom's works have dominated London's West End since the late 20th century and have been a commercial success worldwide.

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The modern UK is known to produce some of the most prominent English-speaking rappers along with the United States, including Stormzy, Kano, Yxng Bane, Ramz and Skepta.

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Some most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in the United Kingdom, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises .

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The United Kingdom's holds Poseidon's three-pronged trident and a shield, bearing the Union Flag.

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