48 Facts About Scotland

1. Scotland is reputed for its whisky, known outside Scotland as Scotch Whisky.

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2. The total fertility rate in Scotland is below the replacement rate of 2.1 (the TFR was 1.73 in 2011).

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3. Scotland is divided into three physical regions—the Highlands; the Central Lowlands, containing two-thirds of the population; and the Southern Uplands.

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4. Scotland is the second largest country in the UK, after England.

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5. Scotland is in located north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain.

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6. Scotland is a nation of interlocking cultures revolving around the English, Gaelic, and Scots linguistic traditions enlivened by European and Asian immigration.

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7. In 1914, Scotland appeared to be a nation with a historic identity; a comfortable part of the United Kingdom, a powerful contributor to the British Empire; buttressed by an economy based on the production of raw materials and metal products.

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8. The Church of Scotland has around 770,217 members, and around 774,550 people are members of the Catholic Church.

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9. Scotland is a nation within the multinational UK state, administratively distinct, with its own legislature.

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10. Scotland has a high proportion of the UK's hereditary nobility.

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11. Scotland is surrounded by the North Sea, offering fish, oil and natural gas, and potentially tidal and wave power.

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12. Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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13. Scotland is a sovereign state in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and is part of the UK's constitutional monarchy.

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14. On September 16, 2014, Scotland will hold a referendum that will decide its independence from the United Kingdom.

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15. Scotland is traditionally divided into three topographic areas: the Highlands in the north, the Midland Valley, and the Southern Uplands.

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16. Scotland is bounded by England to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north, and the North Sea to the east.

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17. Scotland has a national dish called Haggis, which is a pudding that isn't sweet.

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18. Scotland is a country on the island of Great Britain.

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19. Scotland is in the northern part of Great Britain with the Atlantic Ocean on one side and the North Sea on the other.

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20. Scotland is a country on the island of Great Britain in Europe.

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21. In 1997, a majority of voters in Scotland chose to have their own Scottish Parliament, which was set up in 1999.

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22. Scotland has coasts on the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Irish Sea to the south-west.

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23. Scotland is a country in North Western Europe, which is part of the United Kingdom.

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24. In recent decades Scotland has enjoyed something of a cultural and economic renaissance, fuelled in part by a resurgent financial services sector and the proceeds of North Sea oil and gas.

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25. Scotland is a sovereign state in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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26. Scotland is the second largest country in the UK after England.

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27. Scotland has spawned some of the greatest thinkers of the modern age, including Adam Smith, James Watt, David Hume and John Stuart Mill.

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28. Scotland has about the same land area as the Czech Republic, the United Arab Emirates, Panama, the US state of Maine, or the Japanese island of Hokkaido.

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29. The Bank of Scotland, founded in 1695, is the oldest surviving bank in the UK.

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30. Scotland is currently the second largest country in the UK, after England.

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31. Scotland has more than 600 square miles of freshwater lakes, including the famous Loch Ness.

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32. The Bank of Scotland, set up in 1695, is one of the three oldest banks in Britain.

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33. Scotland has a strong history for producing influential writers, including the poet Robert Burns, JM Barrie, author of Peter Pan and Sir Conan Doyle, author of the Sherlock Holmes novels.

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34. Scotland has a comparable land area as the Czech Republic, the United Arab Emirates, Panama, the US state of Maine, or the Japanese island of Hokkaido.

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35. Scotland has competed at every Commonwealth Games since 1930 and has won 356 medals in total—91 Gold, 104 Silver and 161 Bronze.

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36. Scotland has its own national governing bodies, such as the Scottish Football Association and the Scottish Rugby Union.

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37. Scotland has a number of production companies which produce films and television programmes for Scottish, UK and international audiences.

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38. Scotland is represented at the Celtic Media Festival, which showcases film and television from the Celtic countries.

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39. Scotland has a literary heritage dating back to the early Middle Ages.

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40. Scotland has a Western-style open mixed economy closely linked with the rest of the UK and the wider world.

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41. In 2008, the NHS in Scotland had around 158,000 staff including more than 47,500 nurses, midwives and health visitors and over 3,800 consultants.

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42. Scotland is represented in the British House of Commons by 59 MPs elected from territory-based Scottish constituencies.

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43. Scotland has limited self-government within the United Kingdom, as well as representation in the UK Parliament.

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44. The number of Gaelic speakers in Scotland dropped from 250,000 in 1881 to 60,000 in 2008.

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45. Scotland has three officially recognised languages: English, Scots, and Scottish Gaelic.

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46. Climate of Scotland is temperate and oceanic, and tends to be very changeable.

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47. Scotland has over 790 islands divided into four main groups: Shetland, Orkney, and the Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides.

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48. Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, and sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly.

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