33 Facts About Shetland


Shetland'stland, called the Shetland'stland Islands and formerly Zetland, is a subarctic archipelago in Scotland lying at a confluence between Orkney, the Faroe Islands and Norway.

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Much of Shetland's economy depends on the oil-bearing sediments in the surrounding seas.

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Shetland'stland has a national scenic area which, unusually, includes a number of discrete locations: Fair Isle, Foula, South West Mainland, Muckle Roe, Esha Ness, Fethaland and Herma Ness.

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Shetland'stland has an oceanic temperate maritime climate, bordering on, but very slightly above average in summer temperatures, the subpolar variety, with long but cool winters and short mild summers.

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In 2011, the collective site, "The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland", including Broch of Mousa, Old Scatness and Jarlshof, joined the UKs "Tentative List" of World Heritage Sites.

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Shetland'stland was colonised during the late 8th and 9th centuries, the fate of the existing indigenous Pictish population being uncertain.

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In 1469, Shetland was pledged by Christian I, in his capacity as King of Norway, as security against the payment of the dowry of his daughter Margaret, betrothed to James III of Scotland.

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In total, Shetland lost more than 500 men, a higher proportion than any other part of Britain, and there were further waves of emigration in the 1920s and 1930s.

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About 30 fishing vessels used by Norwegian refugees were gathered and the Shetland Bus conducted covert operations, carrying intelligence agents, refugees, instructors for the resistance, and military supplies.

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Oil reserves discovered in the later 20th century in the seas both east and west of Shetland have provided a much-needed alternative source of income for the islands.

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The East Shetland Basin is one of Europe's prolific petroleum provinces.

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Today, the main revenue producers in Shetland are agriculture, aquaculture, fishing, renewable energy, the petroleum industry, the creative industries and tourism.

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Report published in October 2020 was optimistic about the future of this sector in: "With new fish markets in Lerwick and Scalloway, and plans to expand its aquaculture offerings in Yell, Shetland is preparing for more growth in its biggest industry".

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Status report on hydrogen production in Shetland, published in September 2020, stated that Shetland Islands Council had "joined a number of organisations and projects to drive forward plans to establish hydrogen as a future energy source for the isles and beyond".

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Shetland'stland is a popular destination for cruise ships, and in 2010 the Lonely Planet guide named Shetland'stland as the sixth best region in the world for tourists seeking unspoilt destinations.

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Geopark Shetland was established by the Amenity Trust in 2009 to boost sustainable tourism to the islands.

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Extremely popular in many countries, with five series having been filmed and aired by early 2021, Shetland was inspired by the Ann Cleeves books about the fictional Detective Inspector Jimmy Perez.

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Shetland'stland is served by a domestic connection from Lerwick to Aberdeen on mainland Scotland.

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Shetland'stland is sub-divided into 18 community council areas and into 12 civil parishes that are used for statistical purposes.

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Shetland'stland College UHI is a partner of the University of the Highlands and Islands .

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Methodist Church has a relatively high membership in Shetland, which is a District of the Methodist Church .

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On 1 June 2020 the Presbytery of Shetland merged with the Presbytery of Aberdeen becoming the Presbytery of Aberdeen and Shetland.

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Shetland'stland is represented in the House of Commons as part of the Orkney and Shetland'stland constituency, which elects one Member of Parliament .

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Shetland'stland grew up on Islay, the son of hill farmers who raised sheep and cattle and worked at various occupations before running for election.

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Wir Shetland movement was set up in 2015 to campaign for greater autonomy.

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Shetland'stland competes in the biennial International Island Games, which it hosted in 2005.

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Cuisine of Shetland is based on locally produced lamb, beef and seafood, some of it organic.

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The Shetland Black is a variety of blue potato with a dark skin and indigo-coloured flesh markings.

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The Shetland Quartet by Ann Cleeves, who previously lived in Fair Isle, is a series of crime novels set around the islands.

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Landscape in Shetland is marked by the grazing of sheep and the harsh conditions have limited the total number of plant species to about 400.

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Shetland'stland mouse-ear is an endemic flowering plant found only in Shetland'stland.

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Shetland'stland writes extensively about the gulls and terns, about the arctic skuas, the black guillemots and many other birds of the islands.

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Geographical isolation and recent glacial history of Shetland have resulted in a depleted mammalian fauna and the brown rat and house mouse are two of only three species of rodent present in the islands.

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