18 Facts About Iron Age


Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory and protohistory of humanity.

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Duration of the Iron Age varies depending on the region under consideration.

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The "Iron Age" begins locally when the production of iron or steel has advanced to the point where iron tools and weapons replace their bronze equivalents in common use.

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Iron Age is taken to end, by convention, with the beginning of the historiographical record.

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The Sahel and Sub-Saharan Africa are outside of the three-age system, there being no Bronze Age, but the term "Iron Age" is sometimes used in reference to early cultures practicing ironworking, such as the Nok culture of Nigeria.

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In other regions of Europe the Iron Age began in the 8th century BC in Central Europe and the 6th century BC in Northern Europe.

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The Near Eastern Iron Age is divided into two subsections, Iron I and Iron II.

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Characteristic of an Iron Age culture is the mass production of tools and weapons made from steel, typically alloys with a carbon content between approximately 0.

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In Central and Western Europe, the Iron Age is taken to last from c 800 BC to c 1 BC, in Northern Europe from c 500 BC to AD 800.

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Iron Age metal is singularly scarce in collections of Egyptian antiquities.

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In Europe, the Iron Age is the last stage of prehistoric Europe and the first of the protohistoric periods, which initially means descriptions of a particular area by Greek and Roman writers.

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Iron Age working was introduced to Europe in the late 11th century BC, probably from the Caucasus, and slowly spread northwards and westwards over the succeeding 500 years.

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The Iron Age did not start when iron first appeared in Europe but it began to replace bronze in the preparation of tools and weapons.

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Therefore, in China prehistory had given way to history periodized by ruling dynasties by the start of iron use, so "Iron Age" is not typically used as to describe a period in Chinese history.

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Iron Age metallurgy reached the Yangtse Valley toward the end of the 6th century BC.

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Important non-precious husi style metal finds include Iron Age tools found at the tomb at Guwei-cun of the 4th century BC.

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Iron Age objects were introduced to the Korean peninsula through trade with chiefdoms and state-level societies in the Yellow Sea area in the 4th century BC, just at the end of the Warring States Period but before the Western Han Dynasty began.

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The complex chiefdoms were the precursors of early states such as Silla, Baekje, Goguryeo, and Gaya Iron Age ingots were an important mortuary item and indicated the wealth or prestige of the deceased in this period.

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