22 Facts About Baekje


Baekje was founded by Onjo, a grandson of Haemosu of Buyeo, the third son of Goguryeo's founder Jumong and So Seo-no, at Wiryeseong .

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Baekje alternately battled and allied with Goguryeo and Silla as the three kingdoms expanded control over the peninsula.

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At its peak in the 4th century, Baekje controlled most of the western Korean peninsula, as far north as Pyongyang, and had 22 Damro system over present day Japan, China, South-east Asia.

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Baekje was a great maritime power; its nautical skill, which made it the Phoenicia of East Asia, was instrumental in the dissemination of Buddhism throughout East Asia and continental culture to Japan.

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Baekje is mainly composed of the native Korean Han from Mahan and the Koreanic Yemaek from Buyeo and Gokuryeo.

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Baekje was founded in 18 BC by King Onjo, who led a group of people from Goguryeo south to the Han River basin.

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Baekje's is remembered as a key figure in the founding of both Goguryeo and Baekje.

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In 249, according to the ancient Japanese text Nihonshoki, Baekje's expansion reached the Gaya confederacy to its east, around the Nakdong River valley.

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Baekje is first described in Chinese records as a kingdom in 345.

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Baekje continued substantial trade with Goguryeo, and actively adopted Chinese culture and technology.

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Baekje became a sea power and continued mutual goodwill relationships with the Japanese rulers of the Kofun period, transmitting continental cultural influences to Japan.

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Baekje forces attempted a brief restoration movement but faced Silla–Tang joint forces.

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Baekje was established by immigrants from Goguryeo who spoke what could be a Buyeo language, a hypothetical group linking the languages of Gojoseon, Buyeo, Goguryeo, and Baekje.

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Kono Rokuro has argued that the kingdom of Baekje was bilingual, with the gentry speaking a Puyo language and the common people a Han language.

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The beatific Baekje smile found on many Buddhist sculptures expresses the warmth typical of Baekje art.

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Baekje sent an envoy to Northern Wei of Northern Dynasties for the first time in 472, and King Gaero asked for military aid to attack Goguryeo.

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The statue, originally come from Baekje, is kept in the Dream Hall at the Japanese temple Horyu-ji.

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Baekje concluded that there was no evidence the Japanese had intentionally damaged any of the characters on the Stele.

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Baekje was briefly revived in the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea period, as Unified Silla collapsed.

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In contemporary South Korea, Baekje relics are often symbolic of the local cultures of the southwest, especially in Chungnam and Jeolla.

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The gilt-bronze incense burner, for example, is a key symbol of Buyeo County, and the Baekje-era Buddhist rock sculpture of Seosan Maaesamjonbulsang is an important symbol of Seosan City.

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Baekje is believed to have introduced the man'yogana writing system to Japan, of which the modern hiragana and katakana scripts are descendants.

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