23 Facts About Three Kingdoms


Academically, the period of the Three Kingdoms refers to the period between the establishment of Cao Wei in 220 and the conquest of the Eastern Wu by the Western Jin in 280.

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Three Kingdoms invented a hydraulic-powered, mechanical puppet theatre designed for Emperor Ming of Wei, square-pallet chain pumps for irrigation of gardens in Luoyang, and the ingenious design of the south-pointing chariot, a non-magnetic directional compass operated by differential gears.

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English-language term "Three Kingdoms" is something of a misnomer, since each state was eventually headed not by a king, but by an emperor who claimed suzerainty over all China.

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Nevertheless, the term "Three Kingdoms" has become standard among English-speaking sinologists.

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Three Kingdoms further argues that the Romance of the Three Kingdoms defines the end of the era as 280, the downfall of Wu, justifying:.

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Three Kingdoms Jin ordered Dong Zhuo, the frontier general in Liang Province, and Ding Yuan, Inspector of Bing Province, to bring troops to the capital to reinforce his position of authority.

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Three Kingdoms attempted to regain lost territory north of the Huai River.

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Three Kingdoms collaborated with Liu Bei on this effort, but Cao Cao soon found out about the plot and had Dong Cheng and his conspirators executed, with only Liu Bei surviving and fleeing to join Yuan Shao in the north.

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Three Kingdoms now controlled China's heartland, including Yuan Shao's former territory, and half of the Chinese population.

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Three Kingdoms was given the command of some troops who formerly had been commanded by his late father Sun Jian.

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Three Kingdoms held control over Danyang, Wu, and Kuaiji commandaries, while expanding westward in a series of campaigns.

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Three Kingdoms now held control over the territories south of the Yangtze .

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Three Kingdoms's territory was located around his capital Xiangyang and the territory to the south around the Han and Yangtze River.

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Three Kingdoms had launched the attack from Chang'an through the Qinling Mountain passes to Hanzhong.

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Three Kingdoms became the Chancellor in 208, the Duke of Wei in 214, and the King of Wei in 217.

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Three Kingdoms compelled Sun Quan to accept suzerainty to Wei, but it had no real effect in practice.

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Three Kingdoms fought a number of engagements against the chieftain Meng Huo, at the end of which Meng Huo submitted.

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Three Kingdoms managed to pacify the rebels with a combination of threats and persuasion.

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Three Kingdoms was succeeded by his adopted son Cao Fang, who was a close member of the imperial family.

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Standard history of the period is the Records of the Three Kingdoms, compiled by the Western Jin historian Chen Shou in the third century AD.

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An expanded version of the Records of the Three Kingdoms was published by the Liu Song historian Pei Songzhi in 429, whose Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms supplemented the original with sizable excerpts of texts unused by Chen Shou and provided commentaries.

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Later historians would disagree on which of the Three Kingdoms should be considered the sole legitimate successor to the Han dynasty.

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Chen Shou, the compiler of the Records of the Three Kingdoms, hailed from Shu Han and became an official of the Western Jin dynasty when he was working on the Records.

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